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01-11-2014 | Brief Communication | Uitgave 9/2014

Quality of Life Research 9/2014

Transcultural and psychometric validation of the Dispositional Resilience Scale (DRS-15) in Chinese adult women

Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 9/2014
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Anna Wai-Man Choi, Claudia Kor-Yee Chan, Agnes Tiwari, Ko Ling Chan, Vincent Lai, TK Logan, Paul Bartone



The aim of this study was to report translation and transcultural adaptation of the 15-item Dispositional Resilience Scale in traditional Chinese (C-DRS-15) and evaluate its psychometric properties.


The DRS is a self-report instrument that measures psychological hardiness. We followed an international standard of cross-cultural translation and validation of patient-reported outcome measures to create the Chinese version. Then, the translated C-DRS-15 was validated on 542 Chinese women from a population-based sample in Hong Kong.


The internal consistency and criterion-related validity were investigated. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the C-DRS-15 was supported by a modified three-factor structure in our Chinese sample (RMSEA = .06, CFI = .94, TLI = .92, and SRMR = .06). The reliability (Cronbach’s α coefficient = .78) and validity were satisfactory. Total resilience score was negatively correlated with depression (p < .001), with non-depressed women scoring higher on the C-DRS-15.


The C-DRS-15 was demonstrated to be a reliable and valid measurement to assess hardiness in Chinese women.

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