Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The vast majority of new mothers experience at least some depressive symptoms. Postpartum maternal depressive symptoms can greatly influence children’s outcomes (e.g., emotional, cognitive, language, and social development). However, there have been relatively few longitudinal studies of how maternal depressive symptoms may influence children’s social skills. The current study (n = 1363) examined the trajectory of maternal depressive symptoms (from 1 month to 36 months) and whether maternal depressive symptoms at 1 month postpartum and the change in symptoms over time (from 1 month to 3 years) predicted children’s parent- and teacher-rated social skills when they were 4.5 and 6.0 years old. A growth curve model indicated that, on average, maternal depressive symptoms declined over time in a nonlinear fashion. Further analyses indicated that after controlling for five demographic factors (child sex, family income, maternal age, mother’s marital status, and maternal education), initial maternal depressive symptoms significantly predicted children’s social skills as reported by mothers. The results support the notion that maternal depressive symptoms during children’s infancy can have long-term associations with children’s social skills. In addition, the results emphasize the importance of intervention and prevention efforts targeting maternal depressive symptoms during infancy, beginning immediately postpartum.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Anhalt, K., Telzrow, C. F., & Brown, C. L. (2007). Maternal stress and emotional status during the perinatal period and childhood adjustment. School Psychology Quarterly, 22, 74–90. CrossRef
Buhi, E. R., Goodson, P., & Neilands, T. B. (2008). Out of sight, not out of mind: Strategies for handling missing data. American Journal of Health Behavior, 32, 83–92. PubMed
Carter, A. S., Garrity-Rokous, F. E., Chazan-Cohen, R., Little, C., & Briggs-Gowan, M. J. (2001). Maternal depression and comorbidity: Predicting early parenting, attachment security, and toddler social-emotional problems and competencies. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 18–26. PubMedCrossRef
Cicchetti, D., Rogosch, F. A., & Toth, S. L. (1998). Maternal depressive disorder and contextual risk: Contributions to the development of attachment insecurity and behavior problems in toddlerhood. Development & Psychopathology, 10, 283–300. CrossRef
Cummings, E. M., & Davies, P. T. (1994). Maternal depression and child development. Journal of Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, 35, 73–112. CrossRef
Dietz, L. J., Jennings, K. D., Kelley, S. A., & Marshal, M. (2009). Maternal depression, paternal psychopathology, and toddlers’ behavior problems. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 38, 48–61. CrossRef
Foster, C. E., Webster, M. C., Weissman, M. M., Pilowsky, D. J., Wickramaratne, P. J., Talati, A., et al. (2008). Remission of maternal depression: Relations to family functioning and youth internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 37, 714–724. CrossRef
Graham, J. W., Cumsille, P. E., & Elek-Fisk, E. (2003). Methods of handling missing data. In I. B. Weiner (Ed.), Handbook of psychology, Vol. 2 (pp. 87–114). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Gresham, F. M., & Elliot, S. N. (1990). The social skills rating system. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
Jaser, S. S., Fear, J. M., Reeslund, K. L., Champion, J. E., Reising, M. M., & Compas, B. E. (2008). Maternal sadness and adolescents’ responses to stress in offspring of mothers with and without a history of depression. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 37, 736–746. CrossRef
Johnson, P. L., & Flake, E. M. (2007). Maternal depression and child outcomes. Psychiatric Annals, 37, 404–410.
Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
Ladd, G. W., & Price, J. M. (1987). Predicting children’s social and school adjustment following the transition from preschool to kindergarten. Child Development, 58, 1168–1189. CrossRef
Linnet, K. M., Dalsgaard, S., Obel, C., Wisborg, K., Henriksen, T. B., Rodriguez, A., et al. (2003). Maternal lifestyle factors in pregnancy risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and associated behaviors: Review of the current evidence. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 1028–1040. PubMedCrossRef
McClelland, M. M., Morrison, F. J., & Holmes, D. L. (2000). Children at risk for early academic problems: The role of learning-related social skills. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 15, 307–329. CrossRef
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998-2007). Mplus user’s guide. Fifth Edition [Computer software and manual]. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
National Institutes of Health. (2005). Understanding Postpartum Depression. http://newsinhealth.nih.gov/2005/December2005/docs/01features_02.htm. Retrieved 5 September 2008.
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network. (1999). Chronicity of maternal depressive symptoms, maternal sensitivity, and child functioning at 36 months. Developmental Psychology, 35, 1297–1310. CrossRef
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network. (2001). Nonmaternal care and family factors in early development: An overview of the NICHD Study of Early Child Care. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 22, 457–492. CrossRef
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network. (2005). Chronicity of maternal depressive symptoms, maternal sensitivity, and child functioning at 36 months. In The NICHD Early Child Care Research Network (Ed.), Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD study of early child care and youth development (pp. 151–162). New York: Guilford Press.
Peth-Pierce, R. (1998). The NICHD study of early child care. Bethesda, MD: National Institute of Child Health and Development.
Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 385–401. CrossRef
US Preventive Services Task Force. (2002). Screening for depression: Recommendations and rationale. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Retrieved August 22, 2009, from http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/3rduspstf/depression/depressrr.htm.
- Trajectories of Postpartum Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Children’s Social Skills
Yelena P. Wu
James P. Selig
Michael C. Roberts
Ric G. Steele
- Springer US