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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 1/2016

04-03-2015 | Empirical Research

Trajectories of Organized Activity Participation Among Urban Adolescents: An Analysis of Predisposing Factors

Auteurs: Andria B. Eisman, Sarah A. Stoddard, José A. Bauermeister, Cleopatra H. Caldwell, Marc A. Zimmerman

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 1/2016

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Abstract

Organized activity participation provides important opportunities for adolescents to develop assets and resources related to positive youth development. Predisposing factors, in addition to sociodemographics and self-selection factors, may influence how youth participate over time. In this study, we used growth mixture modeling with longitudinal data from African American adolescents attending urban high schools in Flint, MI to identify subgroups of participation trajectories (Wave 1 N = 681, mean age at Wave 1 = 14.86 years, 51 % female). We measured activity participation using psychological and behavioral engagement across multiple contexts over the 4 years of high school. We examined how predisposing risk and promotive factors were related to these trajectories, accounting for sociodemographic and self-selection factors. The results indicated three participation trajectories: a low group decreasing over time (74 %), a moderate, consistent participation group (21 %) and a moderate, increasing group (5 %). More substance use was associated with lower odds of being in the moderate/consistent versus low/decreasing participation group. More parental support was associated with lower odds of being in the moderate/increasing versus the moderate/consistent group. Our results suggest that addressing predisposing factors such as substance use may help facilitate participation over time.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Trajectories of Organized Activity Participation Among Urban Adolescents: An Analysis of Predisposing Factors
Auteurs
Andria B. Eisman
Sarah A. Stoddard
José A. Bauermeister
Cleopatra H. Caldwell
Marc A. Zimmerman
Publicatiedatum
04-03-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 1/2016
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0267-3