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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 4/2022

14-02-2022 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Training Self-compassion: Exploring the Effects on Adolescents’ Physiological and Self-reported Stress Responses

Auteurs: Brenda Volkaert, Sandra Verbeken, Taaike Debeuf, Nathalie Michels, Caroline Braet

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 4/2022

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Abstract

Objectives

Previous studies demonstrated that self-compassion may generate positive effects on adults’ mental health through its impact on stress responses. As adolescence is characterized by elevated levels of stress, self-compassion may be particularly relevant for this age group. The aim of this study was to assess the immediate effects of a brief training in self-compassion on adolescents’ stress recovery following a validated stress induction.

Methods

Fifty-three adolescents between 11 and 18 years old (64% girls) were randomly assigned to a self-compassion group or a control group prior to undergoing a three-phase experiment (i.e., baseline, stress induction, and instruction phase). Adolescents in the self-compassion group received a brief training in self-compassion before the start of the experiment and were asked to use the learned technique during the instruction phase. Adolescents in the control group did not receive a training and were provided with neutral instructions during the instruction phase. Physiological stress outcomes (i.e., salivary cortisol, heart rate, and heart rate variability) and self-reported stress outcomes (i.e., self-reported affect) were compared between groups.

Results

The main results revealed no clear differences between both groups pertaining physiological and self-reported stress responses.

Conclusions

The current findings could not provide evidence for the beneficial effects of a brief self-compassion training among adolescents, and even suggest that it may have detrimental effects on the physiological stress response. Findings are discussed within a developmental framework and important considerations for further research are noted.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Training Self-compassion: Exploring the Effects on Adolescents’ Physiological and Self-reported Stress Responses
Auteurs
Brenda Volkaert
Sandra Verbeken
Taaike Debeuf
Nathalie Michels
Caroline Braet
Publicatiedatum
14-02-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 4/2022
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-01838-2

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