Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2014

01-11-2014 | Original Paper

Traditional and Atypical Presentations of Anxiety in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Connor Morrow Kerns, Philip C. Kendall, Leandra Berry, Margaret C. Souders, Martin E. Franklin, Robert T. Schultz, Judith Miller, John Herrington

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 11/2014

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

We assessed anxiety consistent (i.e., “traditional”) and inconsistent (i.e., “atypical”) with diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM) definitions in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Differential relationships between traditional anxiety, atypical anxiety, child characteristics, anxiety predictors and ASD-symptomology were explored. Fifty-nine participants (7–17 years, Mage = 10.48 years; IQ > 60) with ASD and parents completed semi-structured interviews, self- and parent-reports. Seventeen percent of youth presented with traditional anxiety, 15 % with atypical anxiety, and 31 % with both. Language ability, anxious cognitions and hypersensitivity predicted traditional anxiety, whereas traditional anxiety and ASD symptoms predicted atypical anxiety. Findings suggest youth with ASD express anxiety in ways similar and dissimilar to DSM definitions. Similarities support the presence of comorbid anxiety disorders in ASD. Whether dissimilarities are unique to ASD requires further examination.
Voetnoten
1
Previous research suggests that agreement between the DAS and WISC-IV is high (r = .77; Dumont et al. 1996).
 
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition (DSM 5). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition (DSM 5). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference Baron, M. G. (Ed.). (2006). Stress and coping in autism. Oxford University Press. Baron, M. G. (Ed.). (2006). Stress and coping in autism. Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Birmaher, B., Brent, D. A., Chiappetta, L., Bridge, J., Monga, S., & Baugher, M. (1999). Psychometric properties of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED): a replication study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 1230–1236. doi: 10.​1097/​00004583-199910000-00011. Birmaher, B., Brent, D. A., Chiappetta, L., Bridge, J., Monga, S., & Baugher, M. (1999). Psychometric properties of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED): a replication study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 1230–1236. doi: 10.​1097/​00004583-199910000-00011.
go back to reference Chalfant, A. M., Rapee, R., & Carroll, L. (2007). Treating anxiety disorders in children with high functioning autism spectrum disorders: A controlled trial. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(10), 1842–1857. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-006-0318-4. PubMedCrossRef Chalfant, A. M., Rapee, R., & Carroll, L. (2007). Treating anxiety disorders in children with high functioning autism spectrum disorders: A controlled trial. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(10), 1842–1857. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-006-0318-4. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Constantino, J. N., Davis, S. A., Reich, W., Schindler, M. K., Gross, M. M., Brophy, S. L., et al. (2003). Validation of a brief quantitative measure of autistic traits: Comparison of the Social Responsiveness Scale with the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33, 427–433. doi: 10.​1023/​A:​1025014929212. PubMedCrossRef Constantino, J. N., Davis, S. A., Reich, W., Schindler, M. K., Gross, M. M., Brophy, S. L., et al. (2003). Validation of a brief quantitative measure of autistic traits: Comparison of the Social Responsiveness Scale with the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33, 427–433. doi: 10.​1023/​A:​1025014929212. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Constantino, J. N., & Gruber, C. P. (2005). Social responsiveness scale (SRS) manual. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services. Constantino, J. N., & Gruber, C. P. (2005). Social responsiveness scale (SRS) manual. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Davis, T. E, I. I. I., Moree, B. N., Dempsey, T., Reuther, E. T., Fodstad, J. C., Hess, J. A., et al. (2011). The relationship between autism spectrum disorders and anxiety: The moderating effect of communication. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5, 324–329. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​rasd.​2010.​04.​015. CrossRef Davis, T. E, I. I. I., Moree, B. N., Dempsey, T., Reuther, E. T., Fodstad, J. C., Hess, J. A., et al. (2011). The relationship between autism spectrum disorders and anxiety: The moderating effect of communication. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5, 324–329. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​rasd.​2010.​04.​015. CrossRef
go back to reference Dumont, R., Cruse, C. L., Price, L., & Whelley, P. (1996). The relationship between the Differential Ability Scales (DAS) and the Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children—Third edition (WISC-III) for students. Psychology in the Schools, 33, 203–209. CrossRef Dumont, R., Cruse, C. L., Price, L., & Whelley, P. (1996). The relationship between the Differential Ability Scales (DAS) and the Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children—Third edition (WISC-III) for students. Psychology in the Schools, 33, 203–209. CrossRef
go back to reference Dunn, W. (1999). The sensory profile examiner’s manual. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation. Dunn, W. (1999). The sensory profile examiner’s manual. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Elliot, C. (2007). Differential abilities scale—2nd edition (DAS-II) manual. San Antonio, TX: Harcourt Assessment Inc. Elliot, C. (2007). Differential abilities scale—2nd edition (DAS-II) manual. San Antonio, TX: Harcourt Assessment Inc.
go back to reference Green, J., Gilchrist, A., Burton, D., & Cox, A. (2000). Social and psychiatric functioning in adolescents with Asperger syndrome compared with conduct disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 279–293. doi: 10.​1023/​A:​1005523232106. Green, J., Gilchrist, A., Burton, D., & Cox, A. (2000). Social and psychiatric functioning in adolescents with Asperger syndrome compared with conduct disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 279–293. doi: 10.​1023/​A:​1005523232106.
go back to reference Hartley, S., & Sikora, D. (2009). Which DSM-IV-TR criteria best differentiate high-functioning autism spectrum disorder from ADHD and anxiety disorders in older children? Autism, 13, 485–509. PubMedPubMedCentral Hartley, S., & Sikora, D. (2009). Which DSM-IV-TR criteria best differentiate high-functioning autism spectrum disorder from ADHD and anxiety disorders in older children? Autism, 13, 485–509. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child, 2, 217–250. Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child, 2, 217–250.
go back to reference Kerns, C. M., & Kendall, P. C. (2012). Anxiety in autism spectrum disorders: Core or comorbid psychopathology? Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 12, 323–347. doi: 10.​1111/​cpsp.​12009. Kerns, C. M., & Kendall, P. C. (2012). Anxiety in autism spectrum disorders: Core or comorbid psychopathology? Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 12, 323–347. doi: 10.​1111/​cpsp.​12009.
go back to reference Leyfer, O. T., Folstein, S. E., Bacalman, S., Davis, N. O., Dinh, E., Morgan, J., et al. (2006). Comorbid psychiatric disorders in children with autism: Interview development and rates of disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 849–861. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-006-0123-0. PubMedCrossRef Leyfer, O. T., Folstein, S. E., Bacalman, S., Davis, N. O., Dinh, E., Morgan, J., et al. (2006). Comorbid psychiatric disorders in children with autism: Interview development and rates of disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 849–861. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-006-0123-0. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule—Generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 205–223. doi: 10.​1023/​A:​1005592401947. PubMedCrossRef Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule—Generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 205–223. doi: 10.​1023/​A:​1005592401947. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lord, C., Rutter, M., & LeCouteur, A. (1994). Autism diagnostic interview-revised: A revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 659–685. doi: 10.​1007/​BF02172145. PubMedCrossRef Lord, C., Rutter, M., & LeCouteur, A. (1994). Autism diagnostic interview-revised: A revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 659–685. doi: 10.​1007/​BF02172145. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference March, J. S., & Albano, A. M. (1998). New developments in assessing pediatric anxiety disorders. Advances in Clinical Child Psychology, 20, 213–241. CrossRef March, J. S., & Albano, A. M. (1998). New developments in assessing pediatric anxiety disorders. Advances in Clinical Child Psychology, 20, 213–241. CrossRef
go back to reference Ollendick, T. H., & White, S. W. (2012). The presentation and classification of anxiety in autism spectrum disorder: Where to from here? Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 19(4), 352–355. doi: 10.​1111/​cpsp.​12013. Ollendick, T. H., & White, S. W. (2012). The presentation and classification of anxiety in autism spectrum disorder: Where to from here? Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 19(4), 352–355. doi: 10.​1111/​cpsp.​12013.
go back to reference Renno, P., & Wood, J. J. (2013). Discriminant and convergent validity of the anxiety construct in children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43, 2135–2146. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-013-1767-1. Renno, P., & Wood, J. J. (2013). Discriminant and convergent validity of the anxiety construct in children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43, 2135–2146. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-013-1767-1.
go back to reference Reynolds, C. R., & Kamphaus, R. W. (2002). The clinician’s guide to the behavior assessment system for children (BASC). New York: Guilford Press. Reynolds, C. R., & Kamphaus, R. W. (2002). The clinician’s guide to the behavior assessment system for children (BASC). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Ronan, K. R., Kendall, P. C., & Rowe, M. (1994). Negative affectivity in children: Development and validation of a self-statement questionnaire. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 18, 509–528. doi: 10.​1007/​BF02355666. CrossRef Ronan, K. R., Kendall, P. C., & Rowe, M. (1994). Negative affectivity in children: Development and validation of a self-statement questionnaire. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 18, 509–528. doi: 10.​1007/​BF02355666. CrossRef
go back to reference Semel, E., Wiig, E. H., & Secord, W. A. (2003). Clinical evaluation of language fundamentals-4 (CELF-4). New York: The Psychological Corporation. Semel, E., Wiig, E. H., & Secord, W. A. (2003). Clinical evaluation of language fundamentals-4 (CELF-4). New York: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Silverman, W. K., Albano, A. M., & Psychological Corporation. (1996). Anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: Child version. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Silverman, W. K., Albano, A. M., & Psychological Corporation. (1996). Anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: Child version. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Simonoff, E., Pickles, A., Charman, T., Chandler, S., Loucas, T., & Baird, G. (2008). Psychiatric disorders in children with autism spectrum disorders: prevalence, comorbidity, and associated factors in a population-derived sample. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 921–929. doi: 10.​1097/​CHI.​0b013e318179964f​. Simonoff, E., Pickles, A., Charman, T., Chandler, S., Loucas, T., & Baird, G. (2008). Psychiatric disorders in children with autism spectrum disorders: prevalence, comorbidity, and associated factors in a population-derived sample. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 921–929. doi: 10.​1097/​CHI.​0b013e318179964f​.
go back to reference Sukhodolskey, D. G., Scahill, L., Gadow, K. D., Arnold, L. E., Aman, M. G., McDougle, C. J., et al. (2008). Parent-rated anxiety symptoms in children with pervasive developmental disorders: Frequency and association with core autism symptoms and cognitive functioning. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 117–128. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-007-9165-9. CrossRef Sukhodolskey, D. G., Scahill, L., Gadow, K. D., Arnold, L. E., Aman, M. G., McDougle, C. J., et al. (2008). Parent-rated anxiety symptoms in children with pervasive developmental disorders: Frequency and association with core autism symptoms and cognitive functioning. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 117–128. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-007-9165-9. CrossRef
go back to reference Volker, M. A., Lopata, C., Smerbeck, A. M., Knoll, V. A., Thomeer, M. L., Toomey, J. A., et al. (2010). BASC-2 PRS profiles for students with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(2), 188–199. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-009-0849-6. PubMedCrossRef Volker, M. A., Lopata, C., Smerbeck, A. M., Knoll, V. A., Thomeer, M. L., Toomey, J. A., et al. (2010). BASC-2 PRS profiles for students with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(2), 188–199. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-009-0849-6. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Traditional and Atypical Presentations of Anxiety in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Connor Morrow Kerns
Philip C. Kendall
Leandra Berry
Margaret C. Souders
Martin E. Franklin
Robert T. Schultz
Judith Miller
John Herrington
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 11/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2141-7