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Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 3/2013

01-06-2013 | Original Article

Tolerance of Negative Affective States (TNAS): Development and Evaluation of a Novel Construct and Measure

Auteurs: Amit Bernstein, Hadas Brantz

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 3/2013

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Abstract

The purpose of the present research was to develop and evaluate a novel conceptual model and measure of Tolerance of Negative Affective States (TNAS). Exploratory factor and parallel analyses and subsequent confirmatory factor analyses supported a hierarchical multi-dimensional model of TNAS. We observed one higher-order factor, labeled Tolerance of Negative Emotions, and six lower-order factors, including, FI Tolerance of Fear-Distress, FII Tolerance of Sadness-Depression, FIII Tolerance of Anger, FIV Tolerance of Disgust, FV Tolerance of Anxious-Apprehension, and FVI Tolerance of Negative Social Emotions. A series of tests documented that TNASS sub-scale scores demonstrate internal consistency as well as convergent and discriminant validity. We discuss the findings with respect to understanding the nature of the emergent TNAS construct and its measurement.
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In contrast to other identified emotions and affective states, the emotion construct/term contempt was not included. Relative to other emotions, contempt has been identified as potentially unfamiliar and inaccessible and therefore unreliably reported upon by research subjects (Wagner 2000). Moreover, relative to other identified affective states, contempt has been scrutinized as a discrete emotion (Russell 1994).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Tolerance of Negative Affective States (TNAS): Development and Evaluation of a Novel Construct and Measure
Auteurs
Amit Bernstein
Hadas Brantz
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 3/2013
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-012-9471-6