Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

14-08-2020 | Original Paper

Toddler Temperament, Parent Stress, and Autonomy Support

Auteurs: Eftichia Andreadakis, Julie C. Laurin, Mireille Joussemet, Geneviève A. Mageau

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 11/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The present study examined how toddler temperament (negative affectivity, effortful control, and surgency) and parent stress relate to parents’ use of autonomy support (AS) when making requests. Based on past studies pointing to parent stress and toddler difficult temperament as possible risk factors, we proposed a mediation model where toddler temperament was expected to be related indirectly to parents’ use of autonomy-supportive practices via parent stress. Parents (N = 181) reported how often they used autonomy-supportive practices when asking their toddlers (Mage = 27.7 months) to engage in important, yet uninteresting activities. They also answered questions regarding their toddler’s temperament and their own stress levels. A complete mediation hypothesis was supported for negative affectivity but not for the other temperament dimensions. Both toddler negative affectivity and effortful control were indirectly related to parents’ AS, via parent stress. However, effortful control was also directly associated with parent AS over and above parent stress, while surgency was not related to parent stress or parent AS. The present findings underline the need for more research on how to mitigate the impact of difficult temperamental characteristics so as to preserve parents’ support for their toddlers’ need for autonomy.
Literatuur
go back to reference Armour, J.-A., Joussemet, M., Kurdi, V., Tessier, J., Boivin, M., & Tremblay, R. E. (2018). How toddlers’ irritability and fearfulness relate to parenting: a longitudinal study conducted among Quebec families. Infant and Child Development, 27(2), e2062. https://doi.org/10.1002/icd.2062.CrossRef Armour, J.-A., Joussemet, M., Kurdi, V., Tessier, J., Boivin, M., & Tremblay, R. E. (2018). How toddlers’ irritability and fearfulness relate to parenting: a longitudinal study conducted among Quebec families. Infant and Child Development, 27(2), e2062. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1002/​icd.​2062.CrossRef
go back to reference Barber, B. K., & Harmon, E. L. (2002). Violating the self: parental psychological control of children and adolescents. In Intrusive parenting: how psychological control affects children and adolescents (pp. 15–52). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association. Barber, B. K., & Harmon, E. L. (2002). Violating the self: parental psychological control of children and adolescents. In Intrusive parenting: how psychological control affects children and adolescents (pp. 15–52). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.
go back to reference Chess, S., & Thomas, A. (1984). Origins and evolution of behavior disorders: from infancy to early adult life. Cambridge, MA, US: Harvard University Press. Chess, S., & Thomas, A. (1984). Origins and evolution of behavior disorders: from infancy to early adult life. Cambridge, MA, US: Harvard University Press.
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences, 2nd edn. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences, 2nd edn. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.
go back to reference Conger, R. D., McCarty, J. A., Yang, R. K., Lahey, B. B., & Kropp, J. P. (1984). Perception of child, child-rearing values, and emotional distress as mediating links between environmental stressors and observed maternal behavior. Child Development, 55(6), 2234–2247. https://doi.org/10.2307/1129795.CrossRefPubMed Conger, R. D., McCarty, J. A., Yang, R. K., Lahey, B. B., & Kropp, J. P. (1984). Perception of child, child-rearing values, and emotional distress as mediating links between environmental stressors and observed maternal behavior. Child Development, 55(6), 2234–2247. https://​doi.​org/​10.​2307/​1129795.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Crnic, K. A., Friedrich, W. N., & Greenberg, M. T. (1983). Adaptation of families with mentally retarded children: a model of stress, coping, and family ecology. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 88(2), 125–138.PubMed Crnic, K. A., Friedrich, W. N., & Greenberg, M. T. (1983). Adaptation of families with mentally retarded children: a model of stress, coping, and family ecology. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 88(2), 125–138.PubMed
go back to reference Deater-Deckard, K. (2004). Parenting stress. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Deater-Deckard, K. (2004). Parenting stress. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
go back to reference Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M., & Guay, F. (2013). Self-determination theory and actualization of human potential. In D. McInerney, H. Marsh, R. Craven, & F. Guay (Eds), Theory driving research: new wave perspectives on self processes and human development (pp. 109–133). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Press. Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M., & Guay, F. (2013). Self-determination theory and actualization of human potential. In D. McInerney, H. Marsh, R. Craven, & F. Guay (Eds), Theory driving research: new wave perspectives on self processes and human development (pp. 109–133). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Press.
go back to reference Efron, B., & Tibshirani, R. J. (1993). An introduction to the bootstrap. USA: Chapman & Hall/CRC Press. Efron, B., & Tibshirani, R. J. (1993). An introduction to the bootstrap. USA: Chapman & Hall/CRC Press.
go back to reference Erikson, E. H. (1963). Childhood and society: growing up in an age of uncertainty: issues in society. New York: W.W. Norton. Erikson, E. H. (1963). Childhood and society: growing up in an age of uncertainty: issues in society. New York: W.W. Norton.
go back to reference Faber, A., & Mazlish, E. (1980). How to talk so kids will listen and listen so kids will talk. New York: Perrenial Currents. Faber, A., & Mazlish, E. (1980). How to talk so kids will listen and listen so kids will talk. New York: Perrenial Currents.
go back to reference Faber, A., & Mazlish, E. (2010). How to talk so kids will listen; Group workshop kit. New York: Faber/Mazlish Workshops, LLC. Faber, A., & Mazlish, E. (2010). How to talk so kids will listen; Group workshop kit. New York: Faber/Mazlish Workshops, LLC.
go back to reference Grolnick, W. S. (2003). The psychology of parental control: How well-meant parenting backfires. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers. Grolnick, W. S. (2003). The psychology of parental control: How well-meant parenting backfires. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
go back to reference Grolnick, W. S., Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1997). Internalization within the family: the self-determination theory perspective parenting and children’s internalization of values: a handbook of contemporary theory (pp. 135–161). John Wiley & Sons Inc. Grolnick, W. S., Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1997). Internalization within the family: the self-determination theory perspective parenting and children’s internalization of values: a handbook of contemporary theory (pp. 135–161). John Wiley & Sons Inc.
go back to reference Grolnick, W. S., Frodi, A., & Bridges, L. (1984). Maternal control style and the mastery motivation of one-year-olds. Infant Mental Health Journal, 5(2), 72–82. https://doi.org/bkspzc. Grolnick, W. S., Frodi, A., & Bridges, L. (1984). Maternal control style and the mastery motivation of one-year-olds. Infant Mental Health Journal, 5(2), 72–82. https://​doi.​org/​bkspzc.
go back to reference Hart, C. H., & Newell, L. D. (2003). Parenting skills and social‐communicative competence in childhood. In J.O. Greene & B.R. Burleson (Eds), Handbook of communication and social interaction skills (pp. 753–797). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Hart, C. H., & Newell, L. D. (2003). Parenting skills and social‐communicative competence in childhood. In J.O. Greene & B.R. Burleson (Eds), Handbook of communication and social interaction skills (pp. 753–797). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Katainen, S., Räikkönen, K., & Keltikangas-Järvinen, L. (1997). Childhood temperament and mother’s child-rearing attitudes: stability and interaction in a three-year followup study. European Journal of Personality, 11(4), 249–265. https://doi.org/cjffhp. Katainen, S., Räikkönen, K., & Keltikangas-Järvinen, L. (1997). Childhood temperament and mother’s child-rearing attitudes: stability and interaction in a three-year followup study. European Journal of Personality, 11(4), 249–265. https://​doi.​org/​cjffhp.
go back to reference Katainen, S., Räikkönen, K., Keskivaara, P., & Keltikangas-Järvinen, L. (1999). Maternal child-rearing attitudes and role satisfaction and children’s temperament as antecedents of adolescent depressive tendencies: Follow-up study of 6- to 15-year-olds. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 28(2), 139–163. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1021645213549.CrossRef Katainen, S., Räikkönen, K., Keskivaara, P., & Keltikangas-Järvinen, L. (1999). Maternal child-rearing attitudes and role satisfaction and children’s temperament as antecedents of adolescent depressive tendencies: Follow-up study of 6- to 15-year-olds. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 28(2), 139–163. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1023/​A:​1021645213549.CrossRef
go back to reference Lally, J.R., Griffin, A., Fenichel, E., Segal, M., Szanton, E., & Weissbourd, B. (2003). Caring for infants and toddlers in groups: developmentally appropriate practice. Washington, DC: Zero to three/The National Center. Lally, J.R., Griffin, A., Fenichel, E., Segal, M., Szanton, E., & Weissbourd, B. (2003). Caring for infants and toddlers in groups: developmentally appropriate practice. Washington, DC: Zero to three/The National Center.
go back to reference Lazarus, R. S., Cohen, J. B. (1977). Environmental stress. In I. Altman & J.F. Wohlwill (Eds), Human behavior and environment: advances in theory and research, Vol. 2 (pp. 89–127). Boston, MA: Springer US. Lazarus, R. S., Cohen, J. B. (1977). Environmental stress. In I. Altman & J.F. Wohlwill (Eds), Human behavior and environment: advances in theory and research, Vol. 2 (pp. 89–127). Boston, MA: Springer US.
go back to reference Lerner, J. V. (1993). The influence of child temperamental characteristics on parent behaviors parenting: an ecological perspective (pp. 101–120). Hillsdale, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. Lerner, J. V. (1993). The influence of child temperamental characteristics on parent behaviors parenting: an ecological perspective (pp. 101–120). Hillsdale, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
go back to reference Lewis-Beck, M. S., Bryman, A., & Liao, T. F. (2004). The SAGE encyclopedia of social science research methods, Vol. 1–3. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. Lewis-Beck, M. S., Bryman, A., & Liao, T. F. (2004). The SAGE encyclopedia of social science research methods, Vol. 1–3. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
go back to reference Mageau, G. A., Joussemet, M., Koestner, R., Beaudet-Ménard, M. C., & Lessard, J. (2015). Promoting optimal parenting, family functioning and children’s mental health: long term effects of the how-to parenting program. Paper presented at the the Society for Research in Child Development, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Mageau, G. A., Joussemet, M., Koestner, R., Beaudet-Ménard, M. C., & Lessard, J. (2015). Promoting optimal parenting, family functioning and children’s mental health: long term effects of the how-to parenting program. Paper presented at the the Society for Research in Child Development, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
go back to reference Olsen, S. F., Yang, C., Hart, C. H., Robinson, C. C., Wu, P., Nelson, D. A., Nelson, L. J., Jin, S., Wo, J. (2002). Maternal psychological control and preschool children’s behavioral outcomes in China, Russia, and the United States. In B. K. Barber (Ed.), Intrusive parenting: how psychological control affects children and adolescents (pp. 235–262). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/10422-008 Olsen, S. F., Yang, C., Hart, C. H., Robinson, C. C., Wu, P., Nelson, D. A., Nelson, L. J., Jin, S., Wo, J. (2002). Maternal psychological control and preschool children’s behavioral outcomes in China, Russia, and the United States. In B. K. Barber (Ed.), Intrusive parenting: how psychological control affects children and adolescents (pp. 235–262). American Psychological Association. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​10422-008
go back to reference Putnam, S. P., Ellis, L. K., & Rothbart, M. K. (2001). The structure of temperament from infancy through adolescence. In A. Eliasz & A. Angleitner (Eds), Advances in research on temperament (pp. 165–182). Germany: Pabst Science Publishers. Putnam, S. P., Ellis, L. K., & Rothbart, M. K. (2001). The structure of temperament from infancy through adolescence. In A. Eliasz & A. Angleitner (Eds), Advances in research on temperament (pp. 165–182). Germany: Pabst Science Publishers.
go back to reference Putnam, S. P., Sanson, A. V., & Rothbart, M. K. (2002). Child temperament and parenting. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting: children and parenting, Vol. 1 (pp. 255–277). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Putnam, S. P., Sanson, A. V., & Rothbart, M. K. (2002). Child temperament and parenting. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting: children and parenting, Vol. 1 (pp. 255–277). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
go back to reference Rothbart, M. K., & Bates, J. E. (1998). Temperament. In R. M. Damon & N. Eisenberg (Eds), Handbook of child psychology: social, emotional, and personality development (pp. 105–176). Hoboken, NJ, US: John Wiley & Sons Inc. Rothbart, M. K., & Bates, J. E. (1998). Temperament. In R. M. Damon & N. Eisenberg (Eds), Handbook of child psychology: social, emotional, and personality development (pp. 105–176). Hoboken, NJ, US: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
go back to reference Rothbart, M. K., & Bates, J. E. (2006). Temperament. In R. M. Damon & N. Eisenberg (Eds), Handbook of child psychology social emotional and personality development, 6th edn., Vol. 3 (pp. 99–166). New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc. Rothbart, M. K., & Bates, J. E. (2006). Temperament. In R. M. Damon & N. Eisenberg (Eds), Handbook of child psychology social emotional and personality development, 6th edn., Vol. 3 (pp. 99–166). New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
go back to reference Rothbart, M. K., & Rueda, M. R. (2005). The development of effortful control. In U. Mayr, E. Awh, & S. Keele (Eds), Developing individuality in the human brain: a tribute to Michael I. Posner (pp. 167–188). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. Rothbart, M. K., & Rueda, M. R. (2005). The development of effortful control. In U. Mayr, E. Awh, & S. Keele (Eds), Developing individuality in the human brain: a tribute to Michael I. Posner (pp. 167–188). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
go back to reference Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2017). Self-determination theory: basic psychological needs in motivation, development, and wellness. New York: Guilford Publishing. Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2017). Self-determination theory: basic psychological needs in motivation, development, and wellness. New York: Guilford Publishing.
go back to reference Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2016). Autonomy and autonomy disturbances in self-development and psychopathology: research on motivation, attachment, and clinical process. In D. Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology, theory and method, 3 ed., Vol. 1 (pp. 385–438). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119125556.devpsy109 Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2016). Autonomy and autonomy disturbances in self-development and psychopathology: research on motivation, attachment, and clinical process. In D. Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology, theory and method, 3 ed., Vol. 1 (pp. 385–438). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1002/​9781119125556.​devpsy109
go back to reference Sameroff, A. (2009). The transactional model The transactional model of development: how children and contexts shape each other (pp. 3–21). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association. Sameroff, A. (2009). The transactional model The transactional model of development: how children and contexts shape each other (pp. 3–21). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.
go back to reference Sanson, A. V., & Rothbart, M. K. (1995). Child temperament and parenting. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Applied and practical parenting, Vol. 4 (pp. 299–321). Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum. Sanson, A. V., & Rothbart, M. K. (1995). Child temperament and parenting. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Applied and practical parenting, Vol. 4 (pp. 299–321). Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum.
go back to reference Smetana, J. G., Kochanska, G., & Chuang, S. (2000). Mothers’ conceptions of everyday rules for young toddlers: a longitudinal investigation. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 46(3), 391–416. jstor.org/stable/23093738. Smetana, J. G., Kochanska, G., & Chuang, S. (2000). Mothers’ conceptions of everyday rules for young toddlers: a longitudinal investigation. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 46(3), 391–416. jstor.​org/​stable/​23093738.
go back to reference van der Bruggen, C. O., Stams, G. J. J. M., Bögels, S. M., & Paulussen-Hoogeboom, M. C. (2010). Parenting behaviour as a mediator between young children’s negative emotionality and their anxiety/depression. Infant and Child Development, 19(4), 354–365. https://doi.org/10.1002/icd.665.CrossRef van der Bruggen, C. O., Stams, G. J. J. M., Bögels, S. M., & Paulussen-Hoogeboom, M. C. (2010). Parenting behaviour as a mediator between young children’s negative emotionality and their anxiety/depression. Infant and Child Development, 19(4), 354–365. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1002/​icd.​665.CrossRef
go back to reference Zigler, E. F., & Child, I. L. (1973). Socialization and personality development. Oxford, England: Addison-Wesley. Zigler, E. F., & Child, I. L. (1973). Socialization and personality development. Oxford, England: Addison-Wesley.
Metagegevens
Titel
Toddler Temperament, Parent Stress, and Autonomy Support
Auteurs
Eftichia Andreadakis
Julie C. Laurin
Mireille Joussemet
Geneviève A. Mageau
Publicatiedatum
14-08-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 11/2020
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-020-01793-3

Andere artikelen Uitgave 11/2020

Journal of Child and Family Studies 11/2020 Naar de uitgave