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We compared three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) and its strain to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) with delayed contrast enhancement for left ventricular (LV) chamber quantification and transmurality of myocardial scar. Furthermore, we examined the ability of 3DSTE strain to differentiate between ischaemic and non-ischaemic LV dysfunction.
In 80 consecutive patients with ischaemic and 40 patients with non-ischaemic LV dysfunction, the correlations between LV volumes and ejection fraction were measured using 3DSTE and CMR. Global and regional 3DSTE strains and total or percentage enhanced LV mass were evaluated.
LV end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes and ejection fraction correlated well between 3DSTE and CMR (r: 0.83, 0.88 and 0.89, respectively). However, 3DSTE significantly underestimated volumes. Correlation for LV mass was modest (r = 0.59). All 3DSTE regional strain values except for radial strain were lower in segments with versus segments without transmural enhancement. However, strain parameters could not identify the transmurality of scar. No significant difference between ischaemic and non-ischaemic LV dysfunction was observed in either global or regional 3DSTE strain except for twist, which was lower in the non-ischaemic group (4.9 ± 3.3 vs. 6.4 ± 3.2°, p = 0.03).
3DSTE LV volumes are underestimated compared with CMR, while LV ejection fraction revealed excellent accuracy. Functional impairment by 3DSTE strain does not correlate well with scar localisation or extent by CMR. 3DSTE strain could not differentiate between ischaemic and non-ischaemic LV dysfunction. Future studies will need to clarify if 3DSTE strain and CMR delayed contrast enhancement can provide incremental value to the prediction of future cardiovascular events.
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- Three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance for left ventricular chamber quantification and identification of myocardial transmural scar
M. F. A. Aly
S. A. Kleijn
R. F. Menken-Negroiu
L. F. Robbers
A. M. Beek
- Bohn Stafleu van Loghum