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18-08-2016 | Original article | Uitgave 10/2016 Open Access

Netherlands Heart Journal 10/2016

Three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance for left ventricular chamber quantification and identification of myocardial transmural scar

Tijdschrift:
Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 10/2016
Auteurs:
M. F. A. Aly, S. A. Kleijn, R. F. Menken-Negroiu, L. F. Robbers, A. M. Beek, O. Kamp

Abstract

Background

We compared three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) and its strain to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) with delayed contrast enhancement for left ventricular (LV) chamber quantification and transmurality of myocardial scar. Furthermore, we examined the ability of 3DSTE strain to differentiate between ischaemic and non-ischaemic LV dysfunction.

Methods

In 80 consecutive patients with ischaemic and 40 patients with non-ischaemic LV dysfunction, the correlations between LV volumes and ejection fraction were measured using 3DSTE and CMR. Global and regional 3DSTE strains and total or percentage enhanced LV mass were evaluated.

Results

LV end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes and ejection fraction correlated well between 3DSTE and CMR (r: 0.83, 0.88 and 0.89, respectively). However, 3DSTE significantly underestimated volumes. Correlation for LV mass was modest (r = 0.59). All 3DSTE regional strain values except for radial strain were lower in segments with versus segments without transmural enhancement. However, strain parameters could not identify the transmurality of scar. No significant difference between ischaemic and non-ischaemic LV dysfunction was observed in either global or regional 3DSTE strain except for twist, which was lower in the non-ischaemic group (4.9 ± 3.3 vs. 6.4 ± 3.2°, p = 0.03).

Conclusion

3DSTE LV volumes are underestimated compared with CMR, while LV ejection fraction revealed excellent accuracy. Functional impairment by 3DSTE strain does not correlate well with scar localisation or extent by CMR. 3DSTE strain could not differentiate between ischaemic and non-ischaemic LV dysfunction. Future studies will need to clarify if 3DSTE strain and CMR delayed contrast enhancement can provide incremental value to the prediction of future cardiovascular events.

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Netherlands Heart Journal

Het Netherlands Heart Journal wordt uitgegeven in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie en de Nederlandse Hartstichting. Het tijdschrift is Engelstalig en wordt gratis beschikbaa ...

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