Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

01-02-2009

Threat is a Multidimensional Construct: Exploring the Role of Children’s Threat Appraisals in the Relationship Between Interparental Conflict and Child Adjustment

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 2/2009

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Past research has emphasised the importance of children’s appraisals of the threat posed by parent conflict for understanding links between interparental conflict and child outcomes. However, little is known about what it is that children actually find threatening about parent conflict. Children (n = 236) aged 10–16 years were recruited to examine the relative contribution of four specific threat subtypes—fear of parent conflict escalating, fear of being drawn into parent conflict, fear of parent conflict resulting in family breakdown, and fear of parent conflict disrupting parent/child attachment relationships—in explaining links between interparental conflict and child internalising adjustment. Results showed that children’s worries about being drawn into parent conflict mediated the relationship between interparental conflict and child internalising adjustment. Fear of interparental conflict disrupting parent/child attachment bonds mediated the relationship between interparental conflict and child internalising problems for girls, but not boys. Results are discussed in terms of the importance of considering multiple dimensions of threat for advancing understanding of the processes underlying the interparental conflict/child adjustment relationship.
Voetnoten
1
Variables were initially entered in a 4-step regression model (simple effects followed by interaction terms). Results were substantively the same as those obtained using the 2-step approach, with one exception. While the beta weight for the interaction between gender and attachment threat was significant in the 4-step model, the overall R² change for that step was not significant. As the study is underpowered, the hypotheses are theoretically driven, and the results are meaningful in terms of the hypotheses, it is argued that the significant beta weight is likely to be correct, and the 2-step model was retained to allow clear presentation of findings.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Achenbach, T. M. (1991a). Manual for the youth self-report and 1991 profile. Burlington: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry. Achenbach, T. M. (1991a). Manual for the youth self-report and 1991 profile. Burlington: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry.
go back to reference Achenbach, T. M. (1991b). Manual for the child behaviour checklist/4-18 and 1991 profile. Burlington: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry. Achenbach, T. M. (1991b). Manual for the child behaviour checklist/4-18 and 1991 profile. Burlington: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry.
go back to reference Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173–1182. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1173.PubMedCrossRef Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173–1182. doi:10.​1037/​0022-3514.​51.​6.​1173.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Buehler, C., Anthony, C., Krishnakumar, A., Stone, G., Gerard, J., & Pemberton, S. (1997). Interparental conflict and youth problem behaviours: a meta-analysis. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 6(2), 233–247. doi:10.1023/A:1025006909538.CrossRef Buehler, C., Anthony, C., Krishnakumar, A., Stone, G., Gerard, J., & Pemberton, S. (1997). Interparental conflict and youth problem behaviours: a meta-analysis. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 6(2), 233–247. doi:10.​1023/​A:​1025006909538.CrossRef
go back to reference Cummings, E. M., & Davies, P. T. (1996). Emotional security as a regulatory process in normal development and the development of psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 123–139.CrossRef Cummings, E. M., & Davies, P. T. (1996). Emotional security as a regulatory process in normal development and the development of psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 123–139.CrossRef
go back to reference Cummings, E. M., Davies, P. T., & Simpson, K. S. (1994). Marital conflict, gender, and children’s appraisals and coping efficacy as mediators of child adjustment. Journal of Family Psychology, 8(2), 141–149. doi:10.1037/0893-3200.8.2.141.CrossRef Cummings, E. M., Davies, P. T., & Simpson, K. S. (1994). Marital conflict, gender, and children’s appraisals and coping efficacy as mediators of child adjustment. Journal of Family Psychology, 8(2), 141–149. doi:10.​1037/​0893-3200.​8.​2.​141.CrossRef
go back to reference Dadds, M. R., Atkinson, E., Turner, C., Blums, G., & Lendich, B. (1999). Family conflict and child adjustment: evidence for a cognitive-contextual model of intergenerational transmission. Journal of Family Psychology, 13(2), 194–208. doi:10.1037/0893-3200.13.2.194.CrossRef Dadds, M. R., Atkinson, E., Turner, C., Blums, G., & Lendich, B. (1999). Family conflict and child adjustment: evidence for a cognitive-contextual model of intergenerational transmission. Journal of Family Psychology, 13(2), 194–208. doi:10.​1037/​0893-3200.​13.​2.​194.CrossRef
go back to reference Dadds, M. R., & Powell, M. B. (1991). The relationship of interparental conflict and global marital adjustment to aggression, anxiety, and immaturity in aggressive and nonclinic children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 19(5), 553–567. doi:10.1007/BF00925820.PubMedCrossRef Dadds, M. R., & Powell, M. B. (1991). The relationship of interparental conflict and global marital adjustment to aggression, anxiety, and immaturity in aggressive and nonclinic children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 19(5), 553–567. doi:10.​1007/​BF00925820.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Davies, P. T., & Cummings, E. M. (1998). Exploring children’s emotional security as a mediator of the link between marital relations and child adjustment. Child Development, 69(1), 124–139.PubMed Davies, P. T., & Cummings, E. M. (1998). Exploring children’s emotional security as a mediator of the link between marital relations and child adjustment. Child Development, 69(1), 124–139.PubMed
go back to reference Davies, P. T., & Lindsay, L. L. (2001). Does gender moderate the effects of marital conflict on children? In J. H. Grych, & F. D. Fincham (Eds.), Interparental conflict and child development (pp. 64–97). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Davies, P. T., & Lindsay, L. L. (2001). Does gender moderate the effects of marital conflict on children? In J. H. Grych, & F. D. Fincham (Eds.), Interparental conflict and child development (pp. 64–97). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Fantuzzo, J. W., DePaola, L. M., Lambert, L., Martino, T., Anderson, G., & Sutton, S. (1991). Effects of interparental violence on the psychological adjustment and competencies of young children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59(2), 258–265. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.59.2.258.PubMedCrossRef Fantuzzo, J. W., DePaola, L. M., Lambert, L., Martino, T., Anderson, G., & Sutton, S. (1991). Effects of interparental violence on the psychological adjustment and competencies of young children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59(2), 258–265. doi:10.​1037/​0022-006X.​59.​2.​258.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Franck, K. L., & Buehler, C. (2007). A family process model of marital hostility, parental depressive affect, and early adolescent problem behaviour: the roles of triangulation and parental warmth. Journal of Family Psychology, 21(4), 614–625. doi:10.1037/0893-3200.21.4.614.PubMedCrossRef Franck, K. L., & Buehler, C. (2007). A family process model of marital hostility, parental depressive affect, and early adolescent problem behaviour: the roles of triangulation and parental warmth. Journal of Family Psychology, 21(4), 614–625. doi:10.​1037/​0893-3200.​21.​4.​614.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gerard, J. M., Buehler, C., Franck, K., & Anderson, O. (2005). In the eyes of the beholder: cognitive appraisals as mediators of the association between interparental conflict and youth maladjustment. Journal of Family Psychology, 19(3), 376–384. doi:10.1037/0893-3200.19.3.376.PubMedCrossRef Gerard, J. M., Buehler, C., Franck, K., & Anderson, O. (2005). In the eyes of the beholder: cognitive appraisals as mediators of the association between interparental conflict and youth maladjustment. Journal of Family Psychology, 19(3), 376–384. doi:10.​1037/​0893-3200.​19.​3.​376.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Grych, J. H., & Cardoza-Fernandes, S. (2001). Understanding the impact of interparental conflict on children: The role of social cognitive processes. In J. H. Grych, & F. D. Fincham (Eds.), Interparental conflict and child development (pp. 157–187). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Grych, J. H., & Cardoza-Fernandes, S. (2001). Understanding the impact of interparental conflict on children: The role of social cognitive processes. In J. H. Grych, & F. D. Fincham (Eds.), Interparental conflict and child development (pp. 157–187). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Grych, J. H., Fincham, F. D., Jouriles, E. N., & McDonald, R. (2000). Interparental conflict and child adjustment: testing the mediational role of appraisals in the cognitive-contextual framework. Child Development, 71(6), 1648–1661. doi:10.1111/1467-8624.00255.PubMedCrossRef Grych, J. H., Fincham, F. D., Jouriles, E. N., & McDonald, R. (2000). Interparental conflict and child adjustment: testing the mediational role of appraisals in the cognitive-contextual framework. Child Development, 71(6), 1648–1661. doi:10.​1111/​1467-8624.​00255.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Grych, J. H., Harold, G. T., & Miles, C. J. (2003). A prospective investigation of appraisals as mediators of the link between interparental conflict and child adjustment. Child Development, 74(4), 1176–1193. doi:10.1111/1467-8624.00600.PubMedCrossRef Grych, J. H., Harold, G. T., & Miles, C. J. (2003). A prospective investigation of appraisals as mediators of the link between interparental conflict and child adjustment. Child Development, 74(4), 1176–1193. doi:10.​1111/​1467-8624.​00600.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Grych, J. H., Seid, M., & Fincham, F. D. (1992). Assessing marital conflict from the child’s perspective: the children’s perception of interparental conflict scale. Child Development, 63(3), 558–572. doi:10.2307/1131346.PubMedCrossRef Grych, J. H., Seid, M., & Fincham, F. D. (1992). Assessing marital conflict from the child’s perspective: the children’s perception of interparental conflict scale. Child Development, 63(3), 558–572. doi:10.​2307/​1131346.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Long, N., Slater, E., Forehand, R., & Fauber, R. (1988). Continued high or reduced interparental conflict following divorce: relation to young adolescent adjustment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56(3), 467–469. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.56.3.467.PubMedCrossRef Long, N., Slater, E., Forehand, R., & Fauber, R. (1988). Continued high or reduced interparental conflict following divorce: relation to young adolescent adjustment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56(3), 467–469. doi:10.​1037/​0022-006X.​56.​3.​467.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tschann, J. M., Flores, E., VanOss Marin, B., Pasch, L. A., Baisch, E. M., & Wibbelsman, C. J. (2002). Interparental conflict and risk behaviours among Mexican American adolescents: a cognitive-emotional model. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30(4), 373–385. doi:10.1023/A:1015718008205.PubMedCrossRef Tschann, J. M., Flores, E., VanOss Marin, B., Pasch, L. A., Baisch, E. M., & Wibbelsman, C. J. (2002). Interparental conflict and risk behaviours among Mexican American adolescents: a cognitive-emotional model. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30(4), 373–385. doi:10.​1023/​A:​1015718008205.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wierson, M., Forehand, R., & McCombs, A. (1988). The relationship of early adolescent functioning to parent-reported and adolescent-perceived interparental conflict. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 16(6), 707–718. doi:10.1007/BF00913480.PubMedCrossRef Wierson, M., Forehand, R., & McCombs, A. (1988). The relationship of early adolescent functioning to parent-reported and adolescent-perceived interparental conflict. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 16(6), 707–718. doi:10.​1007/​BF00913480.PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Threat is a Multidimensional Construct: Exploring the Role of Children’s Threat Appraisals in the Relationship Between Interparental Conflict and Child Adjustment
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2009
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 2/2009
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-008-9275-z

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2009

Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 2/2009 Naar de uitgave