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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 1/2006

01-01-2006

The Weak Coherence Account: Detail-focused Cognitive Style in Autism Spectrum Disorders

Auteurs: Francesca Happé, Uta Frith

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 1/2006

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Abstract

“Weak central coherence” refers to the detail-focused processing style proposed to characterise autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The original suggestion of a core deficit in central processing resulting in failure to extract global form/meaning, has been challenged in three ways. First, it may represent an outcome of superiority in local processing. Second, it may be a processing bias, rather than deficit. Third, weak coherence may occur alongside, rather than explain, deficits in social cognition. A review of over 50 empirical studies of coherence suggests robust findings of local bias in ASD, with mixed findings regarding weak global processing. Local bias appears not to be a mere side-effect of executive dysfunction, and may be independent of theory of mind deficits. Possible computational and neural models are discussed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Weak Coherence Account: Detail-focused Cognitive Style in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Auteurs
Francesca Happé
Uta Frith
Publicatiedatum
01-01-2006
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 1/2006
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-005-0039-0