Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Parents use social network sites for reasons related to bridging and bonding social capital, and entertainment. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the use of Facebook by Turkish mothers and its reasons are related to mothers’ demographic characteristics, anxiety level and perceived social support. It also examined whether mothers’ Facebook use contributes to their perception of their parental role.
Three hundred thirty-two middle-class Turkish mothers who reported to use Facebook completed the demographic information questionnaire, the use of social media questionnaire, the anxiety inventory, the perceived social support scale and the self-perception of parental role questionnaire.
Results indicated that Turkish mothers use Facebook more for reasons related to bridging social capital than reasons related to bonding social capital and entertainment. The frequency of using Facebook and the length of time having an account predicted the use of Facebook for reasons related to bridging and bonding social capital. Anxiety level predicted the use of Facebook for reasons related to entertainment. Mothers’ Facebook use was found not to be related to their self-perceived parental competence.
The discussion of these findings in terms of Turkish culture implied the need for cross-cultural studies for a better understanding of parents’ use of social network sites.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Ahn, J. (2012). Teenagers’ experiences with social network sites: relationships to bridging and bonding social capital. The Information Society, 28(2), 99–109. CrossRef
Aryee, S., Srinivas, E. S., & Tan, H. H. (2005). Rhythms of life: antecedents and outcomes of work–family balance in employed parents. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 132–146. CrossRef
Ataca, B., Kagitcibasi, C., & Diri, A. (2005). Turkish family and the value of children: trends over time. In G. Trommsdorff & B. Nauck (Eds.), The value of children in cross-cultural perspective: case studies from eight societies (pp. 91–119). Lengerich: Pabst Publishers.
Ataca, B., & Sunar, D. (1999). Continuity and change in Turkish urban family life. Psychology and Developing Societies, 11, 77–90. CrossRef
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: the exercise of control. New York: W. H. Freeman and Company.
Bartholomew, M. K., Schoppe-Sullivan, S. J., Glassman, M., Kamp Dush, C. M., & Sullivan, J. M. (2012). New parents’ Facebook use at the transition to parenthood. Family Relations, 61, 455–569. CrossRef
Belsky, J. (1984). The determinants of parenting: a process model. Child Development, 55, 83–96. CrossRef
Bornstein, M. H. (1995). Parenting infants. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting 1, (3–39). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Brandtzæg, P. B., & Heim, J. (2009). Why people use social networking sites. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 5621, 143–152. CrossRef
Burke, M., Kraut, R., & Marlow, C. (2011). Social capital on Facebook: differentiating uses and users. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 571–580). Vancouver: ACM.
Chao, R. K. (1994). Beyond parental control and authoritarian parenting style: understanding Chinese parenting through the cultural notion of training. Child Development, 65, 1111–1119. CrossRef
Coleman, J. S. (1988). Social capital and the creation of human capital. The American Journal of Sociology, 94, 95–120. CrossRef
Digital in 2018 in Western Asia (2018). https://www.slideshare.net/wearesocial/digital-in-2018-in-western-asia-part-1-northwest-86865983.
Doty, J., & Dworkin, J. (2014). Parents’ of adolescents use of social networking sites. Computers in Human Behavior, 33, 349–355. CrossRef
Eker, D., Arkar, H., & Yaldız, H. (2001). Çok boyutlu algılanan sosyal destek ölçeği’nin gözden geçirilmiş formunun faktör yapısı, geçerlik ve güvenirliği. Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, 12, 17–25.
Ellison, N. B., Steinfield, C., & Lampe, C. (2011). Connection strategies: social capital implications of Facebook-enabled communication practices. New Media & Society, 13, 873–892. CrossRef
Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS. London: Sage Publications.
Fisek, G. O. (1995). Gender hierarchy: Is it a useful concept in describing family structure? In J. van Lewick & M. Sanders (Eds.), Family, gender and beyond (pp. 63–72). Heemstede: LS Books.
García, F., & Gracia, E. (2009). Is always authoritative the optimum parenting style? Evidence from Spanish families. Adolescence, 44, 101–131. CrossRef
Gibson, L., & Hanson, V. L. (2013). Digital motherhood: how does technology help new mothers? In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 313–322). New York: ACM.
Göregenli, M. (1997). Individualist—collectivist tendencies in a Turkish sample. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 28, 787–794. CrossRef
Graf, S. C., Mullis, R. L., & Mullis, A. K. (2008). Identity formation of United States American and Asian Indian adolescents. Adolescence, 43(169), 57–69.
Grzywacz, J. G., & Marks, N. F. (2000). Reconceptualizing the work–family interface: an ecological perspective on the correlates of positive and negative spillover between work and family. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5, 111–126. CrossRef
Gunes-Ayata, A. (1996). Solidarity in urban Turkish family. In G. Rasuly-Paleczek (Ed.), Turkish families in transition (pp. 98–113). Frankfurt: Peter-Lang.
Güler, M., & Yetim, Ü. (2008). Ebeveyn rolüne ilişkin kendilik algısı ölçeği: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması [Self-perception of parental role scale: reliability and validity study]. Türk Psikoloji Yazıları, 11(22), 34–43.
Haslam, D. M., Tee, A., & Baker, S. (2017). The use of social media as a mechanism of social support in parents. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 26(7), 2026–2037. CrossRef
Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture’s consequences: international differences in work-related values. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture’s consequences: comparing values, behaviors, institutions and organizations across nations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc.
Hofstede, G., & McCrae, R. R. (2004). Personality and culture revisited: linking traits and dimensions of culture. Cross-cultural Research, 38, 52–88. CrossRef
Jang, J., & Dworkin, J. (2014). Does social network site use matter for mothers? Implications for bonding and bridging capital. Computers in Human Behavior, 35, 489–495. CrossRef
Jung, T., Youn, H., & McClung, S. (2007). Motivations and self-presentation strategies on Korean-based “Cyworld” weblog format personal homepages. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 10(1), 24–31. CrossRef
Kagitcibasi, C (1985) Culture of separateness-culture of relatedness In C. Klopp (Ed.), Vision and reality. Papers in comparative studies. (pp. 91–99). Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.
Kagitcibasi, C. (1989). Child rearing in Turkey and an intervention research. Psychology and Developing Societies, 1(1), 37–52. CrossRef
Kagitcibasi, C. (1996). Family and human development across cultures: a view from the other side. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Kagitcibasi, C., & Ataca, B. (2005). Value of children and family change: a three‐decade portrait from Turkey. Applied Psychology, 54(3), 317–337. CrossRef
Kagitcibasi, C., Sunar, D., & Bekman, S. (2001). Long-term effects of early intervention: Turkish low income mothers and children. Applied Developmental Psychology, 22, 333–361. CrossRef
Kelley, M. L., & Tseng, H. (1992). Cultural differences in child rearing: a comparison of immigrant Chinese and Caucasian American mothers. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 23(4), 444–455. CrossRef
Kılıç, B. (2000). Procedural justice and its effects on trust in supervisor, organizational commitment and work performance, Unpublished master’s thesis. Turkey: Boğaziçi University.
Kırcaali-Iftar, G. (2005). How do Turkish mothers discipline children? An analysis from a behavioral perspective. Child: Care, Health & Development, 31, 193–201.
Kim, Y., Sohn., S. M., & Choi, S. M. (2011). Cultural difference in motivations for using social network sites: a comparative study of American and Korean college students. Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 365–372. CrossRef
Klaus, D. (2010). Changing value of children and fertility transition in Turkey. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 41, 799–815. CrossRef
Lin, N. (2001). Social capital: a theory of social structure and action. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Lin, N., Ensel, W., & Vaughn, J. (1981). Social resources, strength of ties and occupational status attainment. American Sociological Review, 46(4), 393–405. CrossRef
MacPhee, D., Benson, J. B. & Bullock, D. (1986). Influences on maternal self-perceptions. In Paper Presented at the Fifth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies in Los Angales, Los Angales.
Madden, M., Cortesi, S., Gasser, U., Lenhart, A., & Duggan, M. (2012). Parents, teens, and online privacy. Pew Internet and American Life Project. http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2012/Teens-and-Privacy.aspx.
Markus, H., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological Review, 98, 224–253. CrossRef
Meadows, S. (2011). The association between perceptions of social support and maternal mental health: a cumulative perspective. Journal of Family Issues, 32, 181–208. CrossRef
Morris, M. R. (2014). Social networking site use by mothers of young children. In Proceedings of the 17th ACM conference on computer supported cooperative work & social computing (pp. 1272–1282). Baltimore: ACM.
Olson, E. A. (1982). Duofocal family structure and an alternative model of husband wife relationship. In C. Kagitcibasi (Ed.), Sex roles, family and community in Turkey (pp. 33–72). Bloomingon: Indian University Press.
Öner, N., & Le Compte, A. (1983). Durumluk—Sürekli Kaygı Envanteri el kitabı, Number: 333. Istanbul: Bogazici University Press.
Pearson, E., & Rao, N. (2003). Socialization goals, parenting practices, and peer competence in Chinese and English preschoolers. Early Child Development and Care, 173, 131–146. CrossRef
Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone: the collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Putnam, R. D. (2007). E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and community in the twenty-first century. The 2006 Johan Skytte Prize Lecture. Scandinavian Political Studies, 20(2), 137–174. CrossRef
Reece, S. M., & Harkless, G. (1998). Self-efficacy, stress, and parental adaptation: applications to the care of childbearing families. Journal of Family Nursing, 4(2), 198–215. CrossRef
Sen, H., Yavuz-Muren, M., & Yagmurlu, B. (2014). Parenting: the Turkish context. In H. Sen (Ed.), Science across cultures: the history of non-Western science, Vol. 7, Parenting across cultures: childrearing, motherhood and fatherhood in non-Western cultures (pp. 175–192). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.
Sharenting (2016). Collins Dictionary. https://www.collinsdictionary.com/submission/11762/Sharenting.
Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., Lushene, R., Vagg, P. R., & Jacobs, G. A. (1983). Manual for the state-trait anxiety inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.
Steinfield, C., DiMicco, J. M., Ellison, N. B., & Lampe, C. (2009). Bowling online: social networking and social capital within the organization. In Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Communities and technologies (pp. 245–254). New York: ACM. CrossRef
Steinfield, C., Ellison, N. B., & Lampe, C. (2008). Social capital, self‐esteem, and use of online social network sites: a longitudinal analysis. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 29, 434–445. CrossRef
Steinfield, C., Ellison, N., Lampe, C., & Vitak, J. (2012). Online social network sites and the concept of social capital. In F. L. Lee, L. Leung, J. S. Qui, & D. Chu (Eds.), Frontiers in new media research (pp. 115–131). New York: Routledge.
Sunar, D., & Fişek, G. (2005). Contemporary Turkish families. In U. Gielen & J. Roopnarine (Eds.), Families in global perspective (pp. 169–183). Allyn & Bacon/Pearson.
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2014). Using multivariate statistics. Essex: Pearson Education Limited.
Turkish Statistical Institute (2018). Results of business statistics. Turkish Statistical Institute http://www.tuik.gov.tr.
Yagmurlu, B., Citlak, B., Dost, A., & Leyendecker, B. (2009). Child socialization goals of Turkish mothers: an investigation of education related within culture variation. Turkish Journal of Psychology, 24, 1–15.
Zimet, G. D., Dahlem, N. W., Zimet, S. G., & Farley, G. K. (1988). The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52, 30–41. CrossRef
- The Use of Facebook by Turkish Mothers: Its Reasons and Outcomes
- Springer US
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843