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02-04-2015 | Uitgave 2/2016 Open Access

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 2/2016

The Stability of Problem Behavior Across the Preschool Years: An Empirical Approach in the General Population

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology > Uitgave 2/2016
Auteurs:
Maartje Basten, Henning Tiemeier, Robert R. Althoff, Rens van de Schoot, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe, Albert Hofman, James J. Hudziak, Frank C. Verhulst, Jan van der Ende
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10802-015-9993-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

This study examined the stability of internalizing and externalizing problems from age 1.5 to 6 years, while taking into account developmental changes in the presentation of problems. The study comprised a population-based cohort of 7,206 children (50.4 % boys). At ages 1.5, 3, and 6 years, mothers reported on problem behavior using the Child Behavior Checklist/1.5-5 (CBCL/1.5-5). At each age we performed latent profile analysis on the CBCL/1.5-5 scales. Latent transition analysis (LTA) was applied to study the stability of problem behavior. Profiles of problem behavior varied across ages. At each age, 82–87 % of the children did not have problems whereas approximately 2 % showed a profile of co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problems. This profile was more severe (with higher scores) at 6 years than at earlier ages. A predominantly internalizing profile only emerged at 6 years, while a profile with externalizing problems and emotional reactivity was present at each age. LTA showed that, based on profiles at 1.5 and 3 years, it was difficult to predict the type of profile at 6 years. Children with a profile of co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problems early in life were most likely to show problem behavior at 6 years. This study shows that the presentation of problem behavior changes across the preschool period and that heterotypic continuity of problems is very common among preschoolers. Children with co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problems were most likely to show persisting problems. The use of evidence-based treatment for these young children may prevent psychiatric problems across the life course.

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Extra materiaal
Supplemental Table 1 (DOCX 35.4 kb)
10802_2015_9993_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Supplemental Table 2 (DOCX 43 kb)
10802_2015_9993_MOESM2_ESM.docx
Supplemental Table 3 (DOCX 38.0 kb)
10802_2015_9993_MOESM3_ESM.docx
Supplemental Table 4 (DOCX 38.1 kb)
10802_2015_9993_MOESM4_ESM.docx
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