Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Recent research has identified youth who utilize both aggressive and prosocial behavior with peers. Although the social values and motivations associated with aggression and prosocial behavior have been well studied, the values of youth who utilize both aggression and prosocial behavior are unknown. The current study identified groups of adolescents based on peer nominations of aggression and prosocial behavior from both Israel (n = 569; 56.94 % Arab, 43.06 % Jewish; 53.78 % female) and the United States (n = 342; 67.54 % African-American; 32.46 % European-American; 50.88 % female). Self-enhancement, self-transcendence, openness-to-change, and conservation values predicted behavioral group membership. Power values predicted membership in the aggressive group relative to the aggressive–prosocial, prosocial, and low-both groups. For Israeli boys, openness-to-change values predicted membership in the aggressive–prosocial group relative to the prosocial group. The values of aggressive–prosocial youth were more similar to the values of prosocial peers than to aggressive peers, suggesting that motivational interventions for aggressive–prosocial youth should differ in important ways than those for aggressive youth.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Asher, S. R., MacEvoy, J. P., & McDonald, K. L. (2008). Children’s peer relations, social competence, and school adjustment: A social tasks and social goals perspective. In M. L. Maehr, S. Karabenick, & T. Urdan (Eds.), Advances in motivation and achievement, vol. 15: Social psychological perspectives (pp. 357–390). Bingley: Emerald. doi: 10.1016/S0749-7423(08)15011-7.
Asher, S. R., & McDonald, K. L. (2009). The behavioral basis of acceptance, rejection, and perceived popularity. In K. H. Rubin, W. Bukowski, & B. Laursen (Eds.), The handbook of peer interactions, relationships, and groups (pp. 232–248). New York: Guilford.
Benish-Weisman, M., & McDonald, K. L. (under review). Private self-consciousness and gender moderate how adolescents’ values relate to aggression.
Card, N. A., Stucky, B. D., Sawalani, G. M., & Little, T. D. (2008). Direct and indirect aggression during childhood and adolescence: A meta-analytic review of gender differences, intercorrelations, and relations to maladjustment. Child Development, 79, 1185–1229. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01184.x. CrossRefPubMed
U.S. Census Bureau (2012). Population in group quarters by state: 2000 to 2010. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/2012/tables/12s0075.pdf.
U.S. Census Bureau (2014). State and county quickfacts. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/.
Horenczyk, G., & Ben-Shalom, U. (2006). Acculturation in Israel. In D. L. Sam & J. W. Berry (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of acculturation psychology (pp. 294–310). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. (2009). The social survey. Retrieved from http://www.cbs.gov.il/population/demo_prop09.pdf. (in Hebrew).
Knafo, A., & Schwartz, S. H. (2001). Value socialization in families of Israeli-born and Soviet-born adolescents in Israel. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 32, 213–228. CrossRef
McDonald, K. L., Wang, J., Menzer, M. M., Rubin, K. H., & Booth-LaForce, C. (2011). Prosocial behavior moderates the effects of aggression on young adolescents’ friendships. International Journal of Developmental Science, 5, 127–137. doi: 10.3233/DEV-2011-10066.
Pedersen, P. (2000). A handbook for developing multicultural awareness (3rd ed.). Alexandria: American Counseling Association.
Rubin, K. H., Bowker, J. C., McDonald, K. L., & Menzer, M. (2013). Peer relationships in childhood. In P. Zelazo (Ed.), Oxford handbook of developmental psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 242–275). Oxford: Elsevier.
Rubin, K., Bukowski, W., & Parker, J. (2006). Peer interactions, relationships, and groups. In N. Eisenberg, W. Damon, & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3, social, emotional, and personality development (6th ed., pp. 571–645). Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons Inc. doi: 10.1002/9780470147658.chpsy0310.
Schwartz, S.H. (2010). Cultural value orientations: Nature and implications of national differences. Unpublished manuscript.
- The Social Values of Aggressive–Prosocial Youth
Kristina L. McDonald
Christopher T. O’Brien
- Springer US