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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 2/2006

01-04-2006 | Original Article

The Skinny on Body Dissatisfaction: A Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Girls and Boys

Auteurs: Sarah Kate Bearman, Katherine Presnell, Erin Martinez, Eric Stice

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 2/2006

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Abstract

The present study tested whether theoretically derived risk factors predicted increases in body dissatisfaction and whether gender moderated these relations with data from a longitudinal study of 428 adolescent girls and boys because few prospective studies have examined these aims, despite evidence that body dissatisfaction increases risk for various psychiatric disturbances. Body dissatisfaction showed significant increases for girls and significant decreases for boys during early adolescence. For both genders, parental support deficits, negative affectivity, and self-reported dietary restraint showed significant relations to future increases in body dissatisfaction. Ideal body internalization and body mass index did not demonstrate significant relations to future increases in body dissatisfaction; peer support deficits showed a marginal relation to this outcome. Gender did not moderate these relations, despite adequate power to detect interactive effects.
Voetnoten
1
Because previous research indicates that body mass may deviate from a linear relation for boys (Muth and Cash, 1997; Presnell et al., 2004), we tested for higher-order effects. An orthogonal polynomial analysis of the Gender × BMI effect indicated a significant Gender × Linear interaction (r=0.685, p≤0.001) Follow-up tests of the simple effects separately for boys versus girls suggested that while the relation of BMI and body dissatisfaction had a significant linear component for girls, but not for boys. On the other hand, a quadratic (u-shaped) model was supported at T1 for boys (r=0.280, p≤0.05), but not for girls. Although the quadratic model was no longer supported for boys at T2 and T3, BMI and body dissatisfaction continued to deviate from a linear association for boys in this sample.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Skinny on Body Dissatisfaction: A Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Girls and Boys
Auteurs
Sarah Kate Bearman
Katherine Presnell
Erin Martinez
Eric Stice
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2006
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 2/2006
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-005-9010-9