Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

10-02-2016 | Original Article

The role of practice and strategy in mental rotation training: transfer and maintenance effects

Auteurs: Chiara Meneghetti, Ramona Cardillo, Irene C. Mammarella, Sara Caviola, Erika Borella

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 2/2017

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Research in the domain of spatial abilities is now focusing on whether spatial abilities can be trained, and whether this can produce gains and maintenance effects in other, untrained skills. The aim of the present study was to assess the benefit and maintenance effects of two types of mental rotation training, one based on mental rotation practice alone, the other combining mental rotation practice with the use of a spatial (rotation) strategy. Seventy-two females took part in the study: 24 practiced with a rotation task that involved comparing pairs of 3D objects [the mental rotation (MR) group], 24 were taught to use the rotation strategy while practicing with the rotation task [the strategy + mental rotation (S + MR) group], and 24 were involved in parallel non-spatial activities (the active control group). Transfer effects were sought on both untrained spatial tasks (testing object rotation and perspective taking) and fluid ability tasks; self-reported strategy use was also examined. Our results showed short-term benefits and maintenance effects in the MR and the S + MR groups in terms of their accuracy in both the MR tasks considered (a 3D same/different task, and the Mental Rotations Test). The S + MR group was more accurate at follow-up than at post-test in both MR tasks, and reported using the rotation strategy in association with the tasks; this group was also more accurate at follow-up than at pre-test in the perspective-taking and fluid intelligence tasks. These findings are discussed from the spatial cognition standpoint and with reference to the (rotation) training literature.
Literatuur
go back to reference Borella, E., Carretti, B., Cantarella, A., Riboldi, F., Zavagnin, M., & De Beni, R. (2014). Benefits of training visuospatial working memory in young–old and old–old. Developmental Psychology, 50(3), 714–727. doi:10.1037/a0034293.CrossRefPubMed Borella, E., Carretti, B., Cantarella, A., Riboldi, F., Zavagnin, M., & De Beni, R. (2014). Benefits of training visuospatial working memory in young–old and old–old. Developmental Psychology, 50(3), 714–727. doi:10.​1037/​a0034293.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cattell, R. B. (1973). Measuring intelligence with the Culture Fair Tests: manual for Scales 2 and 3. Champaign: Institute for Personality and Ability Testing. Cattell, R. B. (1973). Measuring intelligence with the Culture Fair Tests: manual for Scales 2 and 3. Champaign: Institute for Personality and Ability Testing.
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Erlbaum. ISBN 9780805802832. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Erlbaum. ISBN 9780805802832.
go back to reference Ekstrom, R. B., French, J. W., Harman, H. H., & Dermen, D. (1976). Manual for kit of factor-referenced cognitive tests. Princeton: Educational Testing Service. Ekstrom, R. B., French, J. W., Harman, H. H., & Dermen, D. (1976). Manual for kit of factor-referenced cognitive tests. Princeton: Educational Testing Service.
go back to reference Guilford, J. P., & Zimmerman, W. S. (1947). The Guilford-Zimmerman aptitude survey. Orange: Sheridan Psychological Services. Guilford, J. P., & Zimmerman, W. S. (1947). The Guilford-Zimmerman aptitude survey. Orange: Sheridan Psychological Services.
go back to reference Gyselinck, V., De Beni, R., Pazzaglia, F., Meneghetti, C., & Mondoloni, A. (2007). Working memory components and imagery instructions in the elaboration of a spatial mental model. Psychological Research, 71, 373–382. doi:10.1007/s00426-006-0091-1.CrossRefPubMed Gyselinck, V., De Beni, R., Pazzaglia, F., Meneghetti, C., & Mondoloni, A. (2007). Working memory components and imagery instructions in the elaboration of a spatial mental model. Psychological Research, 71, 373–382. doi:10.​1007/​s00426-006-0091-1.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hegarty, M., Montello, D. R., Richardson, A. E., Ishikawa, T., & Lovelace, K. (2006). Spatial abilities at different scales: individual differences in aptitude-test performance and spatial-layout learning. Intelligence, 34, 151–176. doi:10.1016/j.intell.2005.09.005.CrossRef Hegarty, M., Montello, D. R., Richardson, A. E., Ishikawa, T., & Lovelace, K. (2006). Spatial abilities at different scales: individual differences in aptitude-test performance and spatial-layout learning. Intelligence, 34, 151–176. doi:10.​1016/​j.​intell.​2005.​09.​005.CrossRef
go back to reference Hegarty, M., & Waller, D. (2005). Individual differences in spatial abilities. In P. Shah & A. Miyake (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of visuospatial thinking (pp. 121–169). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRef Hegarty, M., & Waller, D. (2005). Individual differences in spatial abilities. In P. Shah & A. Miyake (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of visuospatial thinking (pp. 121–169). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRef
go back to reference Heil, M., Rösler, F., Link, M., & Bajric, J. (1998). What is improved if a mental rotation task is repeated—the efficiency of memory access, or the speed of a transformation routine? Psychological Research, 61, 99–106. doi:10.1007/s004260050016.CrossRefPubMed Heil, M., Rösler, F., Link, M., & Bajric, J. (1998). What is improved if a mental rotation task is repeated—the efficiency of memory access, or the speed of a transformation routine? Psychological Research, 61, 99–106. doi:10.​1007/​s004260050016.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kyttälä, M., & Lehto, J. E. (2008). Some factors underlying mathematical performance: the role of visuospatial working memory and non-verbal intelligence. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 23(1), 77–94. doi:10.1007/BF03173141.CrossRef Kyttälä, M., & Lehto, J. E. (2008). Some factors underlying mathematical performance: the role of visuospatial working memory and non-verbal intelligence. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 23(1), 77–94. doi:10.​1007/​BF03173141.CrossRef
go back to reference Labate, E., Pazzaglia, F., & Hegarty, M. (2014). What working memory subcomponents are needed in the acquisition of survey knowledge? Evidence from direction estimation and shortcut tasks. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 37, 73–79. doi:10.1016/j.jenvp.2013.11.007.CrossRef Labate, E., Pazzaglia, F., & Hegarty, M. (2014). What working memory subcomponents are needed in the acquisition of survey knowledge? Evidence from direction estimation and shortcut tasks. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 37, 73–79. doi:10.​1016/​j.​jenvp.​2013.​11.​007.CrossRef
go back to reference Lawton, C. A. (2010). Gender, spatial abilities, and wayfinding. In D. Chrisler & D. McCreary (Eds.), Handbook of gender research in psychology (pp. 317–341). New York: Springer.CrossRef Lawton, C. A. (2010). Gender, spatial abilities, and wayfinding. In D. Chrisler & D. McCreary (Eds.), Handbook of gender research in psychology (pp. 317–341). New York: Springer.CrossRef
go back to reference Martínez, K., & Colom, R. (2009). Working memory capacity and processing efficiency predict fluid but not crystallized and spatial intelligence: evidence supporting the neural noise hypothesis. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 281–286. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2008.10.012.CrossRef Martínez, K., & Colom, R. (2009). Working memory capacity and processing efficiency predict fluid but not crystallized and spatial intelligence: evidence supporting the neural noise hypothesis. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 281–286. doi:10.​1016/​j.​paid.​2008.​10.​012.CrossRef
go back to reference Meneghetti, C., Borella, E., & Pazzaglia, F. (2015). Mental rotation training: transfer and maintenance effects on spatial abilities. Psychological Research,. doi:10.1007/s00426-014-0644-7. Meneghetti, C., Borella, E., & Pazzaglia, F. (2015). Mental rotation training: transfer and maintenance effects on spatial abilities. Psychological Research,. doi:10.​1007/​s00426-014-0644-7.
go back to reference Meneghetti, C., De Beni, R., Gyselinck, V., & Pazzaglia, F. (2013). The joint role of spatial ability and imagery strategy in sustaining the learning of spatial descriptions under spatial interference. Learning and Individual Differences, 24, 32–41. doi:10.1016/j.lindif.2012.12.021.CrossRef Meneghetti, C., De Beni, R., Gyselinck, V., & Pazzaglia, F. (2013). The joint role of spatial ability and imagery strategy in sustaining the learning of spatial descriptions under spatial interference. Learning and Individual Differences, 24, 32–41. doi:10.​1016/​j.​lindif.​2012.​12.​021.CrossRef
go back to reference Meneghetti, C., Ronconi, L., Pazzaglia, F., & De Beni, R. (2014). Spatial mental representations derived from spatial descriptions: the predicting and mediating roles of spatial preferences, strategies, and abilities. British Journal of Psychology, 105, 295–315. doi:10.1111/bjop.12038.CrossRefPubMed Meneghetti, C., Ronconi, L., Pazzaglia, F., & De Beni, R. (2014). Spatial mental representations derived from spatial descriptions: the predicting and mediating roles of spatial preferences, strategies, and abilities. British Journal of Psychology, 105, 295–315. doi:10.​1111/​bjop.​12038.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Peters, M., Laeng, B., Latham, K., Jackson, M., Zaiyouna, R., & Richardson, C. (1995). A redrawn Vandenberg and Kuse mental rotations test: different versions and factors that affect performance. Brain and Cognition, 28, 39–58. doi:10.1006/brcg.1995.1032.CrossRefPubMed Peters, M., Laeng, B., Latham, K., Jackson, M., Zaiyouna, R., & Richardson, C. (1995). A redrawn Vandenberg and Kuse mental rotations test: different versions and factors that affect performance. Brain and Cognition, 28, 39–58. doi:10.​1006/​brcg.​1995.​1032.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Raven, J. C., Raven, J., & Court, J. H. (1998). Manual for Raven’s Progressive Matrices and Vocabulary Scales. Section 4: advanced progressive matrices. San Antonio: Pearson. Raven, J. C., Raven, J., & Court, J. H. (1998). Manual for Raven’s Progressive Matrices and Vocabulary Scales. Section 4: advanced progressive matrices. San Antonio: Pearson.
go back to reference Sheldon, T. (1992). Familiarity effects in visual comparison tasks and their implications for studying human intelligence. Journal of Experimental Psychology Learning Memory and Cognition, 18, 577–594. doi:10.1037/0278-7393.18.3.577.CrossRef Sheldon, T. (1992). Familiarity effects in visual comparison tasks and their implications for studying human intelligence. Journal of Experimental Psychology Learning Memory and Cognition, 18, 577–594. doi:10.​1037/​0278-7393.​18.​3.​577.CrossRef
go back to reference Sims, V. K., & Mayer, R. E. (2002). Domain specificity of spatial expertise: the case of video game players. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 16, 97–115. doi:10.1002/acp.759.CrossRef Sims, V. K., & Mayer, R. E. (2002). Domain specificity of spatial expertise: the case of video game players. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 16, 97–115. doi:10.​1002/​acp.​759.CrossRef
go back to reference Stieff, M., Dixon, B., Ryu, M., Kumi, B. C., & Hegarty, M. (2014). Strategy training eliminates sex differences in STEM spatial problem solving. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106, 390–402. doi:10.1037/a0034823.CrossRef Stieff, M., Dixon, B., Ryu, M., Kumi, B. C., & Hegarty, M. (2014). Strategy training eliminates sex differences in STEM spatial problem solving. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106, 390–402. doi:10.​1037/​a0034823.CrossRef
go back to reference Stransky, D., Wilcox, L. M., & Dubrowski, A. (2010). Mental rotation: cross-task training and generalization. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 4, 349–360. doi:10.1037/a0021702. Stransky, D., Wilcox, L. M., & Dubrowski, A. (2010). Mental rotation: cross-task training and generalization. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 4, 349–360. doi:10.​1037/​a0021702.
go back to reference Terlecki, M. S., Newcombe, N. S., & Little, M. (2008). Durable and generalized effects of spatial experience on mental rotation: gender differences in growth patterns. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 22, 996–1013. doi:10.1002/acp.1420.CrossRef Terlecki, M. S., Newcombe, N. S., & Little, M. (2008). Durable and generalized effects of spatial experience on mental rotation: gender differences in growth patterns. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 22, 996–1013. doi:10.​1002/​acp.​1420.CrossRef
go back to reference Thurstone, T. G., & Thurstone, L. L. (1963). Primary mental ability. Chicago: Science Research Associates. Thurstone, T. G., & Thurstone, L. L. (1963). Primary mental ability. Chicago: Science Research Associates.
go back to reference Uttal, D. H., Meadow, N. G., Tipton, E., Hand, L. L., Alden, A. R., Warren, C., & Newcombe, N. S. (2013a). The malleability of spatial skills: a meta-analysis of training studies. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 352–402. doi:10.1037/a0028446.CrossRefPubMed Uttal, D. H., Meadow, N. G., Tipton, E., Hand, L. L., Alden, A. R., Warren, C., & Newcombe, N. S. (2013a). The malleability of spatial skills: a meta-analysis of training studies. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 352–402. doi:10.​1037/​a0028446.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Uttal, D. H., Miller, D. I., & Newcombe, N. S. (2013b). Exploring and enhancing spatial thinking: links to achievement in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics? Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22, 367–373. doi:10.1177/0963721413484756.CrossRef Uttal, D. H., Miller, D. I., & Newcombe, N. S. (2013b). Exploring and enhancing spatial thinking: links to achievement in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics? Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22, 367–373. doi:10.​1177/​0963721413484756​.CrossRef
go back to reference Wai, J., Lubinski, D., & Benbow, C. P. (2009). Spatial ability for STEM domains: aligning over 50 years of cumulative psychological knowledge solidifies its importance. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101, 817–835. doi:10.1037/a0016127.CrossRef Wai, J., Lubinski, D., & Benbow, C. P. (2009). Spatial ability for STEM domains: aligning over 50 years of cumulative psychological knowledge solidifies its importance. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101, 817–835. doi:10.​1037/​a0016127.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
The role of practice and strategy in mental rotation training: transfer and maintenance effects
Auteurs
Chiara Meneghetti
Ramona Cardillo
Irene C. Mammarella
Sara Caviola
Erika Borella
Publicatiedatum
10-02-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 2/2017
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-016-0749-2

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2017

Psychological Research 2/2017 Naar de uitgave