Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
To evaluate the direct and indirect (via oral health-related behaviour) effects of parental rearing practices on children’s Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) within a family-focused, comprehensive predictive model.
Participants were 11- to 14-year-old children and their parents living in Telangana State, India (N = 1130). Children were clinically assessed for dental caries, gingivitis, oral hygiene status, fluorosis, and malocclusion, and completed a self-administered questionnaire on oral health-related behaviour and OHRQoL. Parents answered questions related to their socioeconomic status (SES), family circumstances, parent’s perceptions of child’s OHRQoL, and child rearing practices. Structural equation modelling was used to evaluate the pathways through which parenting practices were associated with children’s OHRQoL.
Parents with higher positive (β = −0.106) and lower power assertion rearing practices (β = 0.103) had children with better OHRQoL. Parental rearing practices did not have any effect on children’s oral hygiene behaviour. Children who had malocclusion (β = 0.076) and fluorosis (β = 0.38) had lower OHRQoL. Family SES had a significant effect on children’s oral hygiene behaviour and oral hygiene status with children of higher SES demonstrating better oral hygiene behaviour and status. Children living in single-parent families reported poorer oral hygiene behaviour (β = −0.048) than those living in other types of families.
Parental rearing practices had direct effects on OHRQoL. However, the hypothesised indirect effects of these practices on OHRQoL via poor oral health behaviour were not supported.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Barbosa, T. S., Tureli, M. C., Nobre-Dos-Santos, M., Puppin-Rontani, R. M., & Gavião, M. B. (2013). The relationship between oral conditions, masticatory performance and oral health-related quality of life in children. Archives of Oral Biology, 58(9), 1070–1077. CrossRef
World Health Organization. (2013). Oral health surveys: Basic methods (5th ed.). France: World Health Organization.
Dean, T. H. (1934). Classification of mottled enamel diagnosis. The Journal of the American Dental Association, 21, 1421–1426.
Angle, E. H. (1889). Classification of malocclusion. Dent Cosmos, 41, 248–264.
Kumar, S., Kroon, J., Lalloo, R., Kulkarni, S., & Johnson, N. W. (2016). Relationship between body mass index and dental caries in children, and the influence of socio-economic status. Int Dent J, 66(6), 322–324. CrossRef
Thomson, W. M., Foster Page, L. A., Gaynor, W. N., & Malden, P. E. (2013). Short-form versions of the Parental-Caregivers Perceptions Questionnaire and the Family Impact Scale. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 41(5), 441–450. PubMed
Furman, W., & Buhrmester, D. (2001). Parent child relationship questionnaire [PCRQ] parent form. In P. B. Touliatos J & M. A. Straus (Eds.), Handbook of family measurement techniques (pp. 285–289). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Arbuckle, J. L. (2014). Amos (Version 23.0). Chicago: IBM SPSS.
Hoyle, R. H., & Panter, A. T. (1995). Writing about structural equation modeling. In R. H. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues, and application. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Rodd, H. D., Marshman, Z., Porritt, J., Bradbury, J., & Baker, S. R. (2012). Psychosocial predictors of children’s oral health-related quality of life during transition to secondary school. Quality of Life Research: An International Journal of Quality of Life Aspects of Treatment, Care and Rehabilitation, 21(4), 707–716. CrossRef
Kitzman-Ulrich, H., Wilson, D. K., St. George, S. M., Lawman, H., Segal, M., & Fairchild, A. (2010). The integration of a family systems approach for understanding youth obesity, physical activity, and dietary programs. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 13(3), 231–253. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
- The role of parental rearing practices and family demographics on oral health-related quality of life in children
M. J. Zimmer-Gembeck
N. W. Johnson
- Springer International Publishing