Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 3/2017

27-06-2016

The Role of Family Income Dynamics in Predicting Trajectories of Internalizing and Externalizing Problems

Auteurs: Portia Miller, Elizabeth Votruba-Drzal

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 3/2017

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Economic disparities in children’s behavioral functioning have been observed in prior research. Yet, studies have ignored important perspectives from developmental psychopathology and have not delineated how aspects of income dynamics (i.e., cumulative family income versus income volatility) differentially relate to behavior problems. To address these limitations, the current study examined how both cumulative income and income volatility predict trajectories of children’s internalizing and externalizing problems from kindergarten through fifth grade in a nationally representative sample of 10,900 children (51.4 % male). Results showed four distinct trajectories of internalizing problems and five distinct externalizing trajectories. Family income dynamics were related to trajectory group membership. Specifically, increased cumulative income decreased risk of membership in mid-increasing and mid-stable internalizing groups, and children whose families experienced multiple waves of income loss were 2.4 times as likely to be in the mid-increasing group instead of the low-stable group. With respect to externalizing, higher cumulative income increased the likelihood of belonging in the group exhibiting stably low externalizing problems. Experiencing income loss increased the risk of belonging in the trajectory group exhibiting chronically high externalizing behaviors. These results enhance our knowledge of the role of family income in the development of behavior problems.
Voetnoten
1
The National Center for Education Statistics requires that all Ns be rounded to the nearest 50.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Becker, G. S. (1991). A treatise on the family. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Becker, G. S. (1991). A treatise on the family. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
go back to reference Beverly, S. G., & Sherraden, M. (1999). Institutional determinants of saving: Implications for low-income households and public policy. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 28, 457–473. Beverly, S. G., & Sherraden, M. (1999). Institutional determinants of saving: Implications for low-income households and public policy. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 28, 457–473.
go back to reference Blair, C., & Raver, C. C. (2012). Child development in the context of adversity: experiential canalization of brain and behavior. American Psychologist, 67, 309–318. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Blair, C., & Raver, C. C. (2012). Child development in the context of adversity: experiential canalization of brain and behavior. American Psychologist, 67, 309–318. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Blau, D. M. (1999). The effect of income on child development. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 81, 261–276. CrossRef Blau, D. M. (1999). The effect of income on child development. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 81, 261–276. CrossRef
go back to reference Campbell, S. B. (2006). Maladjustment in preschool children: a developmental psychopathology perspective. In K. McCartney & D. Phillips (Eds.), Blackwell handbook of early childhood development (pp. 358–378). Malden, MA: Blackwell. CrossRef Campbell, S. B. (2006). Maladjustment in preschool children: a developmental psychopathology perspective. In K. McCartney & D. Phillips (Eds.), Blackwell handbook of early childhood development (pp. 358–378). Malden, MA: Blackwell. CrossRef
go back to reference Campbell, S. B., Shaw, D. S., & Gilliom, M. (2000). Early externalizing behavior problems: toddlers and preschoolers at risk for later maladjustment. Development and Psychopathology, 12, 467–488. CrossRefPubMed Campbell, S. B., Shaw, D. S., & Gilliom, M. (2000). Early externalizing behavior problems: toddlers and preschoolers at risk for later maladjustment. Development and Psychopathology, 12, 467–488. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Campbell, S. B., Spieker, S., Burchinal, M., Poe, M. D., & the NICHD ECCRN (2006). Trajectories of aggression from toddlerhood to age 9 predict academic and social functioning through age 12. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 791–800. CrossRefPubMed Campbell, S. B., Spieker, S., Burchinal, M., Poe, M. D., & the NICHD ECCRN (2006). Trajectories of aggression from toddlerhood to age 9 predict academic and social functioning through age 12. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 791–800. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Carter, A. S., Wagmiller, R. J., Gray, S. A., McCarthy, K. J., Horwitz, S. M., & Briggs-Gowan, M. J. (2010). Prevalence of DSM-IV disorder in a representative, healthy birth cohort at school entry: sociodemographic risks and social adaptation. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 49, 686–698. Carter, A. S., Wagmiller, R. J., Gray, S. A., McCarthy, K. J., Horwitz, S. M., & Briggs-Gowan, M. J. (2010). Prevalence of DSM-IV disorder in a representative, healthy birth cohort at school entry: sociodemographic risks and social adaptation. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 49, 686–698.
go back to reference Chazan-Cohen, R., Raikes, H., Brooks-Gunn, J., Ayoub, C., Pan, B. A., Kisker, E. E., & Fuligni, A. S. (2009). Low-income children’s school readiness: parent contributions over the first five years. Early Education and Development, 20, 958–977. CrossRef Chazan-Cohen, R., Raikes, H., Brooks-Gunn, J., Ayoub, C., Pan, B. A., Kisker, E. E., & Fuligni, A. S. (2009). Low-income children’s school readiness: parent contributions over the first five years. Early Education and Development, 20, 958–977. CrossRef
go back to reference Conger, R. D., & Elder Jr., G. H. (1994). Families in troubled times: Adapting to change in rural America. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter. Conger, R. D., & Elder Jr., G. H. (1994). Families in troubled times: Adapting to change in rural America. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.
go back to reference Conger, R. D., Conger, K. J., Elder, G. H., Lorenz, F. O., Simons, R. L., & Whitbeck, L. B. (1992). A family process model of economic hardship and adjustment of early adolescent boys. Child Development, 63, 526–541. CrossRefPubMed Conger, R. D., Conger, K. J., Elder, G. H., Lorenz, F. O., Simons, R. L., & Whitbeck, L. B. (1992). A family process model of economic hardship and adjustment of early adolescent boys. Child Development, 63, 526–541. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Costello, E. J., Mustillo, S., Erkanli, A., Keeler, G., & Angold, A. (2003). Prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60, 837–844. CrossRefPubMed Costello, E. J., Mustillo, S., Erkanli, A., Keeler, G., & Angold, A. (2003). Prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60, 837–844. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Costello, E. J., Egger, H. L., & Angold, A. (2005). The developmental epidemiology of anxiety disorders: phenomenology, prevalence, and comorbidity. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 14, 631–648. CrossRefPubMed Costello, E. J., Egger, H. L., & Angold, A. (2005). The developmental epidemiology of anxiety disorders: phenomenology, prevalence, and comorbidity. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 14, 631–648. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Côté, S. M., Boivin, M., Liu, X., Nagin, D. S., Zoccolillo, M., & Tremblay, R. E. (2009). Depression and anxiety symptoms: onset, developmental course and risk factors during early childhood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 1201–1208. CrossRefPubMed Côté, S. M., Boivin, M., Liu, X., Nagin, D. S., Zoccolillo, M., & Tremblay, R. E. (2009). Depression and anxiety symptoms: onset, developmental course and risk factors during early childhood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 1201–1208. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Dearing, E., McCartney, K., & Taylor, B. A. (2006). Within-child associations between family income and externalizing and internalizing problems. Developmental Psychology, 42, 237. CrossRefPubMed Dearing, E., McCartney, K., & Taylor, B. A. (2006). Within-child associations between family income and externalizing and internalizing problems. Developmental Psychology, 42, 237. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Dekker, M. C., Ferdinand, R. F., Van Lang, N. D., Bongers, I. L., Van Der Ende, J., & Verhulst, F. C. (2007). Developmental trajectories of depressive symptoms from early childhood to late adolescence: gender differences and adult outcome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, 657–666. CrossRefPubMed Dekker, M. C., Ferdinand, R. F., Van Lang, N. D., Bongers, I. L., Van Der Ende, J., & Verhulst, F. C. (2007). Developmental trajectories of depressive symptoms from early childhood to late adolescence: gender differences and adult outcome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, 657–666. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference D'Onofrio, B. M., Goodnight, J. A., Van Hulle, C. A., Rodgers, J. L., Rathouz, P. J., Waldman, I. D., & Lahey, B. B. (2009). A quasiexperimental analysis of the association between family income and offspring conduct problems. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37, 415–429. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral D'Onofrio, B. M., Goodnight, J. A., Van Hulle, C. A., Rodgers, J. L., Rathouz, P. J., Waldman, I. D., & Lahey, B. B. (2009). A quasiexperimental analysis of the association between family income and offspring conduct problems. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37, 415–429. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Duncan, G. (1988). Volatility of family income over the life course. In P. Baltes, D. Featherman, & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Life-span development and behavior (Vol. 9, pp. 317–358). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Duncan, G. (1988). Volatility of family income over the life course. In P. Baltes, D. Featherman, & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Life-span development and behavior (Vol. 9, pp. 317–358). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2000). Family poverty, welfare reform, and child development. Child Development, 71, 188–196. CrossRefPubMed Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2000). Family poverty, welfare reform, and child development. Child Development, 71, 188–196. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Duncan, G. J., Yeung, W. J., Brooks-Gunn, J., & Smith, J. R. (1998). How much does childhood poverty affect the life chances of children? American Sociological Review, 63, 406–423. Duncan, G. J., Yeung, W. J., Brooks-Gunn, J., & Smith, J. R. (1998). How much does childhood poverty affect the life chances of children? American Sociological Review, 63, 406–423.
go back to reference Duncan, G. J., Engel, M., Claessens, A., & Dowsett, C. J. (2014). Replication and robustness in developmental research. Developmental Psychology, 50, 2417. CrossRefPubMed Duncan, G. J., Engel, M., Claessens, A., & Dowsett, C. J. (2014). Replication and robustness in developmental research. Developmental Psychology, 50, 2417. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Elder Jr., G. H. (1974). Children of the great depression. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Elder Jr., G. H. (1974). Children of the great depression. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
go back to reference Evans, G. W., Gonnella, C., Marcynyszyn, L. A., Gentile, L., & Salpekar, N. (2005). The role of chaos in poverty and children's socioemotional adjustment. Psychological Science, 16, 560–565. CrossRefPubMed Evans, G. W., Gonnella, C., Marcynyszyn, L. A., Gentile, L., & Salpekar, N. (2005). The role of chaos in poverty and children's socioemotional adjustment. Psychological Science, 16, 560–565. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fanti, K. A., & Henrich, C. C. (2010). Trajectories of pure and co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problems from age 2 to age 12: findings from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development study of early child care. Developmental Psychology, 46, 1159. CrossRefPubMed Fanti, K. A., & Henrich, C. C. (2010). Trajectories of pure and co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problems from age 2 to age 12: findings from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development study of early child care. Developmental Psychology, 46, 1159. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Farrington, D. P. (2005). Childhood origins of antisocial behavior. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 12, 177–190. CrossRef Farrington, D. P. (2005). Childhood origins of antisocial behavior. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 12, 177–190. CrossRef
go back to reference Gresham, F. M., & Elliott, S. N. (1990). The social skills rating system. Circle pines. MN: American Guidance Service. Gresham, F. M., & Elliott, S. N. (1990). The social skills rating system. Circle pines. MN: American Guidance Service.
go back to reference Hall, R. E., (1978). Stochastic implications of the life cycle-permanent income hypothesis:Theory and evidence. Journal of Political Economy, 86, 971–987. Hall, R. E., (1978). Stochastic implications of the life cycle-permanent income hypothesis:Theory and evidence. Journal of Political Economy, 86, 971–987.
go back to reference Hankin, B. L., Abramson, L. Y., Moffitt, T. E., Silva, P. A., McGee, R., & Angell, K. E. (1998). Development of depression from preadolescence to young adulthood: emerging gender differences in a 10-year longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 128. CrossRefPubMed Hankin, B. L., Abramson, L. Y., Moffitt, T. E., Silva, P. A., McGee, R., & Angell, K. E. (1998). Development of depression from preadolescence to young adulthood: emerging gender differences in a 10-year longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 128. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hao, L., & Matsueda, R. L. (2006). Family dynamics through childhood: a sibling model of behavior problems. Social Science Research, 35, 500–524. CrossRef Hao, L., & Matsueda, R. L. (2006). Family dynamics through childhood: a sibling model of behavior problems. Social Science Research, 35, 500–524. CrossRef
go back to reference Hardy, B., & Ziliak, J. P. (2014). Decomposing trends in income volatility: the “wild ride” at the top and bottom. Economic Inquiry, 52, 459–476. CrossRef Hardy, B., & Ziliak, J. P. (2014). Decomposing trends in income volatility: the “wild ride” at the top and bottom. Economic Inquiry, 52, 459–476. CrossRef
go back to reference Hastie, T., & Tibshirani, R. (1990). General additive models. New York: Chapman Hall. Hastie, T., & Tibshirani, R. (1990). General additive models. New York: Chapman Hall.
go back to reference Ingoldsby, E. M., Shaw, D. S., Winslow, E., Schonberg, M., Gilliom, M., & Criss, M. M. (2006). Neighborhood disadvantage, parent–child conflict, neighborhood peer relationships, and early antisocial behavior problem trajectories. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34, 293–309. CrossRef Ingoldsby, E. M., Shaw, D. S., Winslow, E., Schonberg, M., Gilliom, M., & Criss, M. M. (2006). Neighborhood disadvantage, parent–child conflict, neighborhood peer relationships, and early antisocial behavior problem trajectories. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34, 293–309. CrossRef
go back to reference Kass, R. E., & Raftery, A. E. (1995). Bayes factors. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 90, 773–795. CrossRef Kass, R. E., & Raftery, A. E. (1995). Bayes factors. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 90, 773–795. CrossRef
go back to reference Keiley, M. K., Bates, J. E., Dodge, K. A., & Pettit, G. S. (2000). A cross-domain growth analysis: externalizing and internalizing behaviors during 8 years of childhood. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 28, 161–179. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Keiley, M. K., Bates, J. E., Dodge, K. A., & Pettit, G. S. (2000). A cross-domain growth analysis: externalizing and internalizing behaviors during 8 years of childhood. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 28, 161–179. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Kohen, D. E., Leventhal, T., Dahinten, V. S., & McIntosh, C. N. (2008). Neighborhood disadvantage: pathways of effects for young children. Child Development, 79, 156–169. CrossRefPubMed Kohen, D. E., Leventhal, T., Dahinten, V. S., & McIntosh, C. N. (2008). Neighborhood disadvantage: pathways of effects for young children. Child Development, 79, 156–169. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lareau, A. (2003). Unequal childhoods: Class, race, and family life. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Lareau, A. (2003). Unequal childhoods: Class, race, and family life. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
go back to reference Larsson, H., Sariaslan, A., Långström, N., D'Onofrio, B., & Lichtenstein, P. (2014). Family income in early childhood and subsequent attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a quasi-experimental study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55, 428–435. CrossRefPubMed Larsson, H., Sariaslan, A., Långström, N., D'Onofrio, B., & Lichtenstein, P. (2014). Family income in early childhood and subsequent attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a quasi-experimental study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55, 428–435. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Leve, L. D., Kim, H. K., & Pears, K. C. (2005). Childhood temperament and family environment as predictors of internalizing and externalizing trajectories from ages 5 to 17. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 33, 505–520. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Leve, L. D., Kim, H. K., & Pears, K. C. (2005). Childhood temperament and family environment as predictors of internalizing and externalizing trajectories from ages 5 to 17. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 33, 505–520. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Lewis, M., & Rudolph, K. D. (Eds.) (2014). Handbook of developmental psychopathology. New York, NY: Springer. Lewis, M., & Rudolph, K. D. (Eds.) (2014). Handbook of developmental psychopathology. New York, NY: Springer.
go back to reference Linver, M. R., Brooks-Gunn, J., & Kohen, D. E. (2002). Family processes as pathways from income to young children's development. Developmental Psychology, 38, 719. CrossRefPubMed Linver, M. R., Brooks-Gunn, J., & Kohen, D. E. (2002). Family processes as pathways from income to young children's development. Developmental Psychology, 38, 719. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Magnuson, K. A., & Votruba-Drzal, E. (2009). Enduring influences of childhood poverty. In M. Cancian & S. Danziger (Eds.), Changing poverty, changing policies (pp. 153–179). New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation. Magnuson, K. A., & Votruba-Drzal, E. (2009). Enduring influences of childhood poverty. In M. Cancian & S. Danziger (Eds.), Changing poverty, changing policies (pp. 153–179). New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
go back to reference Mayer, S. E. (1997). What money can't buy: Family income and children's life chances. Harvard University Press. Mayer, S. E. (1997). What money can't buy: Family income and children's life chances. Harvard University Press.
go back to reference McLeod, J. D., & Shanahan, M. J. (1993). Poverty, parenting, and children's mental health. American Sociological Review, 58, 351–366. CrossRef McLeod, J. D., & Shanahan, M. J. (1993). Poverty, parenting, and children's mental health. American Sociological Review, 58, 351–366. CrossRef
go back to reference McLoyd, V. C. (1990). The impact of economic hardship on black families and children: psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotional development. Child Development, 61, 311–346. CrossRefPubMed McLoyd, V. C. (1990). The impact of economic hardship on black families and children: psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotional development. Child Development, 61, 311–346. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mistry, R. S., Biesanz, J. C., Taylor, L. C., Burchinal, M., & Cox, M. J. (2004). Family income and its relation to preschool children's adjustment for families in the NICHD study of early child care. Developmental Psychology, 40, 727. CrossRefPubMed Mistry, R. S., Biesanz, J. C., Taylor, L. C., Burchinal, M., & Cox, M. J. (2004). Family income and its relation to preschool children's adjustment for families in the NICHD study of early child care. Developmental Psychology, 40, 727. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Moffitt, T. E. (1993). Adolescence-limited and life-course-persistent antisocial behavior: a developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review, 100, 674. CrossRefPubMed Moffitt, T. E. (1993). Adolescence-limited and life-course-persistent antisocial behavior: a developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review, 100, 674. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Morduch, J. (1994). Poverty and vulnerability. The American Economic Review, 84, 221–225. Morduch, J. (1994). Poverty and vulnerability. The American Economic Review, 84, 221–225.
go back to reference Nagin, D. (2005). Group-based modeling of development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. CrossRef Nagin, D. (2005). Group-based modeling of development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Nagin, D., & Tremblay, R. E. (1999). Trajectories of boys' physical aggression, opposition, and hyperactivity on the path to physically violent and nonviolent juvenile delinquency. Child Development, 70, 1181–1196. CrossRefPubMed Nagin, D., & Tremblay, R. E. (1999). Trajectories of boys' physical aggression, opposition, and hyperactivity on the path to physically violent and nonviolent juvenile delinquency. Child Development, 70, 1181–1196. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference O’Connor, T. G., Neiderhiser, J. M., Reiss, D., Hetherington, E. M., & Plomin, R. (1998). Genetic contributions to continuity, change, and co-occurrence of antisocial and depressive symptoms in adolescence. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39, 323–336. CrossRefPubMed O’Connor, T. G., Neiderhiser, J. M., Reiss, D., Hetherington, E. M., & Plomin, R. (1998). Genetic contributions to continuity, change, and co-occurrence of antisocial and depressive symptoms in adolescence. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39, 323–336. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Pollack, J. M., Atkins-Burnett, S., Najarian, M., & Rock, D. A. (2005). Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998–99 (ECLS–K), psychometric report for the fifth grade. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics. CrossRef Pollack, J. M., Atkins-Burnett, S., Najarian, M., & Rock, D. A. (2005). Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998–99 (ECLS–K), psychometric report for the fifth grade. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics. CrossRef
go back to reference Prause, J., Dooley, D., & Huh, J. (2009). Income volatility and psychological depression. American Journal of Community Psychology, 43, 57–70. CrossRefPubMed Prause, J., Dooley, D., & Huh, J. (2009). Income volatility and psychological depression. American Journal of Community Psychology, 43, 57–70. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Reef, J., Donker, A. G., Van Meurs, I., Verhulst, F. C., & Van Der Ende, J. (2011). Predicting adult violent delinquency: gender differences regarding the role of childhood behaviour. European Journal of Criminology, 8, 187–197. CrossRef Reef, J., Donker, A. G., Van Meurs, I., Verhulst, F. C., & Van Der Ende, J. (2011). Predicting adult violent delinquency: gender differences regarding the role of childhood behaviour. European Journal of Criminology, 8, 187–197. CrossRef
go back to reference Sarsour, K., Sheridan, M., Jutte, D., Nuru-Jeter, A., Hinshaw, S., & Boyce, W. T. (2011). Family socioeconomic status and child executive functions: the roles of language, home environment, and single parenthood. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 17, 120–132. CrossRefPubMed Sarsour, K., Sheridan, M., Jutte, D., Nuru-Jeter, A., Hinshaw, S., & Boyce, W. T. (2011). Family socioeconomic status and child executive functions: the roles of language, home environment, and single parenthood. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 17, 120–132. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Shaffer, D., Fisher, P., Dulcan, M. K., Davies, M., Piacentini, J., Schwab-Stone, M. E., & Canino, G. (1996). The NIMH diagnostic interview schedule for children version 2.3 (DISC-2.3): description, acceptability, prevalence rates, and performance in the MECA study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 865–877. CrossRef Shaffer, D., Fisher, P., Dulcan, M. K., Davies, M., Piacentini, J., Schwab-Stone, M. E., & Canino, G. (1996). The NIMH diagnostic interview schedule for children version 2.3 (DISC-2.3): description, acceptability, prevalence rates, and performance in the MECA study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 865–877. CrossRef
go back to reference Shaw, D. S., Gilliom, M., Ingoldsby, E. M., & Nagin, D. S. (2003). Trajectories leading to school-age conduct problems. Developmental Psychology, 39, 189. CrossRefPubMed Shaw, D. S., Gilliom, M., Ingoldsby, E. M., & Nagin, D. S. (2003). Trajectories leading to school-age conduct problems. Developmental Psychology, 39, 189. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Small, M. L., Harding, D. J., & Lamont, M. (2010). Reconsidering culture and poverty. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 629, 6–27. CrossRef Small, M. L., Harding, D. J., & Lamont, M. (2010). Reconsidering culture and poverty. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 629, 6–27. CrossRef
go back to reference Sterba, S. K. (2014). Modeling strategies in developmental psychopathology research: prediction of individual change. In M. Lewis & K. D. Rudolph (Eds.), Handbook of developmental psychopathology (3rd ed., pp. 109–124). New York, NY: Springer US. CrossRef Sterba, S. K. (2014). Modeling strategies in developmental psychopathology research: prediction of individual change. In M. Lewis & K. D. Rudolph (Eds.), Handbook of developmental psychopathology (3rd ed., pp. 109–124). New York, NY: Springer US. CrossRef
go back to reference Sterba, S. K., Prinstein, M. J., & Cox, M. J. (2007). Trajectories of internalizing problems across childhood: heterogeneity, external validity, and gender differences. Development and Psychopathology, 19, 345–366. CrossRefPubMed Sterba, S. K., Prinstein, M. J., & Cox, M. J. (2007). Trajectories of internalizing problems across childhood: heterogeneity, external validity, and gender differences. Development and Psychopathology, 19, 345–366. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Timmermans, M., Van Lier, P. A., & Koot, H. M. (2008). Which forms of child/adolescent externalizing behaviors account for late adolescent risky sexual behavior and substance use? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 386–394. CrossRefPubMed Timmermans, M., Van Lier, P. A., & Koot, H. M. (2008). Which forms of child/adolescent externalizing behaviors account for late adolescent risky sexual behavior and substance use? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 386–394. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Tourangeau, K., Burke, J., Le, T., Wan, S., Weant, M., Brown, E., & Barrett, B. (2001). ECLS-K base year public-use data files and electronic codebook: User’s manual. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics. Tourangeau, K., Burke, J., Le, T., Wan, S., Weant, M., Brown, E., & Barrett, B. (2001). ECLS-K base year public-use data files and electronic codebook: User’s manual. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.
go back to reference Verhulst, F. C., & Boomsma, D. I. (2003). Genetic and environmental contributions to stability and change in children's internalizing and externalizing problems. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 1212–1220. CrossRef Verhulst, F. C., & Boomsma, D. I. (2003). Genetic and environmental contributions to stability and change in children's internalizing and externalizing problems. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 1212–1220. CrossRef
go back to reference Votruba-Drzal, E. (2006). Economic disparities in middle childhood development: does income matter? Developmental Psychology, 42, 1154. CrossRefPubMed Votruba-Drzal, E. (2006). Economic disparities in middle childhood development: does income matter? Developmental Psychology, 42, 1154. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Wilson, W. J. (1987). The truly disadvantaged: The inner city, the underclass, and public policy. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Wilson, W. J. (1987). The truly disadvantaged: The inner city, the underclass, and public policy. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
go back to reference Yeung, W. J., Linver, M. R., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2002). How money matters for young children’s development: parental investment and family processes. Child Development, 73, 1861–1879. CrossRefPubMed Yeung, W. J., Linver, M. R., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2002). How money matters for young children’s development: parental investment and family processes. Child Development, 73, 1861–1879. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Zahn–Waxler, C., Klimes–Dougan, B., & Slattery, M. J. (2000). Internalizing problems of childhood and adolescence: Prospects, pitfalls, and progress in understanding the development of anxiety and depression. Development and Psychopathology, 12, 443–466. Zahn–Waxler, C., Klimes–Dougan, B., & Slattery, M. J. (2000). Internalizing problems of childhood and adolescence: Prospects, pitfalls, and progress in understanding the development of anxiety and depression. Development and Psychopathology, 12, 443–466.
Metagegevens
Titel
The Role of Family Income Dynamics in Predicting Trajectories of Internalizing and Externalizing Problems
Auteurs
Portia Miller
Elizabeth Votruba-Drzal
Publicatiedatum
27-06-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 3/2017
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-016-0181-5