Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Emotional intelligence (EI) and dispositional mindfulness are two constructs that have been implicated in well-being, particularly in males, and are often part of student well-being programs. This study examined the relationships between EI, dispositional mindfulness, and well-being in adolescent boys. It was hypothesised that EI would mediate the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and well-being. The sample consisted of 294 adolescent male school students aged 13–17 years (M = 14.13, SD = 1.26). Participants completed self-report questionnaires related to dispositional mindfulness (Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale for Adolescents), EI (Adolescent Swinburne University Emotional Intelligence Scale), subjective happiness (Subjective Happiness Scale) and psychological distress (General Health Questionnaire). Two multiple mediation models were developed to assess the extent to which EI mediates the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and (1) subjective happiness and (2) psychological distress. The results indicated that three EI dimensions: Emotional Recognition and Expression (ERE), Emotional Management and Control (EMC), and Understanding the Emotions of Others (UEO), were significantly positively correlated with dispositional mindfulness (p < 0.01). In addition, two EI dimensions (ERE and EMC) partially mediated the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and subjective happiness (ERE: PM = 0.22[0.08], 95% CI = 0.09, 0.39; EMC: PM = 0.28[0.11], 95% CI = 0.10, 0.54), and between dispositional mindfulness and psychological distress (ERE: PM = 0.14[0.06], 95% CI = 0.04, 0.26; EMC: PM = 0.31[0.08], 95% CI = 0.17, 0.48). It was concluded that the development of programs incorporating aspects of dispositional mindfulness and EI could provide tangible benefits to the psychological well-being of adolescent males.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bao, X., Xue, S., & Kong, F. (2015). Dispositional mindfulness and perceived stress: the role of emotional intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 78, 48–52. CrossRef
Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822–848.
Brown, K. W., Kasser, T., Ryan, R. M., Linley, P. A., & Orzech, K. (2009). When what one has is enough: mindfulness, financial desire discrepancy, and subjective well-being. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(5), 727–736. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2009.07.002. CrossRef
Brown, K. W., West, A. M., Loverich, T. M., & Biegel, G. M. (2011). Assessing adolescent mindfulness: validation of an Adapted Mindful Attention Awareness Scale in adolescent normative and psychiatric populations. Psychological Assessment, 23(4), 1023–1033. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021338. CrossRefPubMed
Campos, D., Cebolla, A., Quero, S., Breton-Lopez, J., Botella, C., Soler, J., et al. (2016). Meditation and happiness: mindfulness and self-compassion may mediate the meditation-happiness relationship. Personality and Individual Differences, 93, 80–85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.08.040. CrossRef
Charbonneau, D., & Nicol, A. A. M. (2002). Emotional intelligence and prosocial behaviors in adolescents. Psychological Reports, 90(2), 361–370. https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.2002.90.2.361. CrossRefPubMed
Ciesla, J. A., Reilly, L. C., Dickson, K. S., Emanuel, A. S., & Updegraff, J. A. (2012). Dispositional mindfulness moderates the effects of stress among adolescents: rumination as a mediator. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 41(6), 760–770. CrossRef
Dekeyser, M., Raes, F., Leijssen, M., Leysen, S., & Dewulf, D. (2008). Mindfulness skills and interpersonal behaviour. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(5), 1235–1245. CrossRef
Downey, L. A., Johnston, P. J., Hansen, K., Schembri, R., Stough, C., Tuckwell, V., & Schweitzer, I. (2008a). The relationship between emotional intelligence and depression in a clinical sample. European Journal of Psychiatry, 22(2), 93–98. CrossRef
Downey, L. A., Johnston, P. J., Hansen, K., Birney, J., & Stough, C. (2010). Investigating the mediating effects of emotional intelligence and coping on problem behaviours in adolescents. Australian Journal of Psychology, 62(1), 20–29. CrossRef
Giluk, T. L. (2009). Mindfulness, Big Five personality, and affect: a meta-analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 47(8), 805–811. CrossRef
Greco, L. A., Baer, R. A., & Smith, G. T. (2011). Assessing mindfulness in children and adolescents: development and validation of the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM). Psychological Assessment, 23(3), 606–614.
Gugliandolo, M. C., Costa, S., Cuzzocrea, F., Larcan, R., & Petrides, K. V. (2015). Trait emotional intelligence and behavioral problems among adolescents: a cross-informant design. Personality and Individual Differences, 74, 16–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.09.032. CrossRef
Hansen, K., Gardner, L., & Stough, C. (2007). Improving occupational stress through emotional intelligence development. Organisations and People, 14(2), 70.
Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: a regression-based approach (2nd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.
Howell, A. J., Digdon, N. L., Buro, K., & Sheptycki, A. R. (2008). Relations among mindfulness, well-being, and sleep. Personality and Individual Differences, 45(8), 773–777. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2008.08.005. CrossRef
IBM Corp. (2016). IBM SPSS Statistics for Mac (Version 184.108.40.206). Armonk: IBM Corp..
Kong, F., Wang, X., & Zhao, J. J. (2014). Dispositional mindfulness and life satisfaction: the role of core self-evaluations. Personality and Individual Differences, 56, 165–169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2013.09.002. CrossRef
Kuyken, W., Weare, K., Ukoumunne, O. C., Vicary, R., Motton, N., Burnett, R., et al. (2013). Effectiveness of the Mindfulness in Schools Programme: non-randomised controlled feasibility study. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 203(2), 126–131.
Lomas, J., Stough, C., Hansen, K., & Downey, L. A. (2012). Brief report: emotional intelligence, victimisation and bullying in adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 35(1), 207–211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2011.03.002. CrossRefPubMed
Luebbers, S., Downey, L. A., & Stough, C. (2007). The development of an adolescent measure of EI. Personality and Individual Differences, 42(6), 999–1009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.09.009. CrossRef
Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D. R. (2000). Emotional intelligence as zeitgeist, as personality, and as a mental ability. In R. Bar-On & J. D. A. Parker (Eds.), The handbook of emotional intelligence (pp. 92–117). New York: Jossey-Bass.
Palmer, B., & Stough, C. (2001). Workplace SUEIT: Swinburne university emotional intelligence test–descriptive report. Swinburne University, AU: Organisational Psychology Research Unit.
Resurreccion, D. M., Salguero, J. M., & Ruiz-Aranda, D. (2014). Emotional intelligence and psychological maladjustment in adolescence: a systematic review. Journal of Adolescence, 37(4), 461–472. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.03.012. CrossRefPubMed
Riggs, N. R., Black, D. S., & Ritt-Olson, A. (2015). Associations between dispositional mindfulness and executive function in early adolescence. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(9), 2745–2751. CrossRef
Salovey, P., & Mayer, J. D. (1990). Emotional intelligence. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 9(3), 185–211. CrossRef
Sanchez-Alvarez, N., Extremera, N., & Fernandez-Berrocal, P. (2015). Maintaining life satisfaction in adolescence: affective mediators of the influence of perceived emotional intelligence on overall life satisfaction judgments in a two year longitudinal study. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1892. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01892. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Schutte, N. S., & Malouff, J. M. (2011). Emotional intelligence mediates the relationship between mindfulness and subjective well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(7), 1116–1119. CrossRef
Smith, J. M. (2004). Adolescent males’ view on the use of mental health counseling services. Adolescence, 39(153), 77–82.
Wang, Y., & Kong, F. (2014). The role of emotional intelligence in the impact of mindfulness on life satisfaction and mental distress. Social Indicators Research, 116(3), 843–852. CrossRef
- The Role of Dispositional Mindfulness and Emotional Intelligence in Adolescent Males
Luke A. Downey
Justine E. Lomas
Talitha C. Ford
Emily R. Bunnett
- Springer US
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535