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16-06-2020 | Original Article | Uitgave 6/2020

Cognitive Therapy and Research 6/2020

The Role of Anxiety Sensitivity in Terms of Weight-Related Impairment and Fatigue Severity Among Adults with Obesity and Chronic Low Back Pain

Tijdschrift:
Cognitive Therapy and Research > Uitgave 6/2020
Auteurs:
Brooke Y. Kauffman, Kara Manning, Andrew H. Rogers, Lorra Garey, Matthew W. Gallagher, Andres G. Viana, Michael J. Zvolensky
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Abstract

Background

Obesity and chronic low back pain often co-occur and are associated with psychosocial and physical impairments such as weight-related impairment and fatigue. Yet, there is little understanding of psychological factors that may be associated with weight-related impairment and fatigue (a psychosocial factor) among this vulnerable population.

Methods

Thus, the current study examined the role of anxiety sensitivity as it relates to self-reported weight-related impairment and fatigue severity among persons with obesity and chronic low back pain. Participants included a nationally representative sample of adults (N = 616) with co-occurring obesity and chronic low back pain (77.3% female, Mage = 45.9 years, SD = 11.53).

Results

Results revealed that anxiety sensitivity was associated with greater levels of weight-related impairment and fatigue severity after controlling for age, sex, body mass index, pain interference, and perceived general health.

Conclusions

The findings suggest that anxiety sensitivity may be a mechanistic target for better understanding and addressing weight-related impairment and fatigue severity among individuals with obesity and chronic low back pain.

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