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18-01-2016 | Uitgave 3/2016

Journal of Behavioral Medicine 3/2016

The role of anticipated regret and health beliefs in HPV vaccination intentions among young adults

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Behavioral Medicine > Uitgave 3/2016
Auteurs:
Shannon M. Christy, Joseph G. Winger, Elizabeth W. Raffanello, Leslie F. Halpern, Sharon Danoff-Burg, Catherine E. Mosher
Belangrijke opmerkingen
A portion of the findings were presented at the 2013 American Psychological Association conference in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Abstract

Although cognitions have predicted young adults’ human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine decision-making, emotion-based theories of healthcare decision-making suggest that anticipatory emotions may be more predictive. This study examined whether anticipated regret was associated with young adults’ intentions to receive the HPV vaccine above and beyond the effects of commonly studied cognitions. Unvaccinated undergraduates (N = 233) completed a survey assessing Health Belief Model (HBM) variables (i.e., perceived severity of HPV-related diseases, perceived risk of developing these diseases, and perceived benefits of HPV vaccination), anticipatory emotions (i.e., anticipated regret if one were unvaccinated and later developed genital warts or HPV-related cancer), and HPV vaccine intentions. Anticipated regret was associated with HPV vaccine intentions above and beyond the effects of HBM variables among men. Among women, neither anticipated regret nor HBM variables showed consistent associations with HPV vaccine intentions. Findings suggest that anticipatory emotions should be considered when designing interventions to increase HPV vaccination among college men.

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