Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

02-01-2019 | Original Article

The representation and plasticity of body emotion expression

Auteurs: Rebecca Watson, Beatrice de Gelder

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 5/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Emotions are expressed by the face, the voice and the whole body. Research on the face and the voice has not only demonstrated that emotions are perceived categorically, but that this perception can be manipulated. The purpose of this study was to investigate, via two separate experiments using adaptation and multisensory techniques, whether the perception of body emotion expressions also shows categorical effects and plasticity. We used an approach developed for studies investigating both face and voice emotion perception and created novel morphed affective body stimuli, which varied in small incremental steps between emotions. Participants were instructed to perform an emotion categorisation of these morphed bodies after adaptation to bodies conveying different expressions (Experiment 1), or while simultaneously hearing affective voices (Experiment 2). We show that not only is body expression perceived categorically, but that both adaptation to affective body expressions and concurrent presentation of vocal affective information can shift the categorical boundary between body expressions, specifically for the angry body expressions. Overall, our findings provide significant new insights into emotional body categorisation, which may prove important in gaining a deeper understanding of body expression perception in everyday social situations.
Literatuur
go back to reference Bediou, B., Brunelin, J., d’Amato, T., Fecteau, S., Saoud, M., Hénaff, M., & Krolak-Salmon, P. (2012). A comparison of facial emotion processing in neurological and psychiatric conditions. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 98.CrossRef Bediou, B., Brunelin, J., d’Amato, T., Fecteau, S., Saoud, M., Hénaff, M., & Krolak-Salmon, P. (2012). A comparison of facial emotion processing in neurological and psychiatric conditions. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 98.CrossRef
go back to reference Belin, P., & Zatorre, R. J. (2003). Adaptation to speaker’s voice in right anterior temporal lobe. Neuroreport, 14, 2105–2109.CrossRef Belin, P., & Zatorre, R. J. (2003). Adaptation to speaker’s voice in right anterior temporal lobe. Neuroreport, 14, 2105–2109.CrossRef
go back to reference Bestelmeyer, P. E. G., Rouger, J., DeBruine, L. M., & Belin, P. (2010). Auditory adaptation in vocal affect perception. Cognition, 117, 217–223.CrossRef Bestelmeyer, P. E. G., Rouger, J., DeBruine, L. M., & Belin, P. (2010). Auditory adaptation in vocal affect perception. Cognition, 117, 217–223.CrossRef
go back to reference Collignon, O., Girard, S., Gosselin, F., Roy, S., Saint-Amour, D., Lassonde, M., & Lepore, F. (2008). Audio-visual integration of emotion expression. Brain Research, 25, 126–135.CrossRef Collignon, O., Girard, S., Gosselin, F., Roy, S., Saint-Amour, D., Lassonde, M., & Lepore, F. (2008). Audio-visual integration of emotion expression. Brain Research, 25, 126–135.CrossRef
go back to reference de Gelder, B. (2006). Towards the neurobiology of emotional body language. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 7, 242–249.CrossRef de Gelder, B. (2006). Towards the neurobiology of emotional body language. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 7, 242–249.CrossRef
go back to reference de Gelder, B. (2009). Why bodies? Twelve reasons for including bodily expressions in affective neuroscience. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364, 3475–3484.CrossRef de Gelder, B. (2009). Why bodies? Twelve reasons for including bodily expressions in affective neuroscience. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364, 3475–3484.CrossRef
go back to reference de Gelder, B., & van den Stock, J. (2011). The bodily expressive action stimulus test (BEAST). Construction and validation of a stimulus basis for measuring perception of whole body expression of emotions. Frontiers in Psychology, 2, 181.CrossRef de Gelder, B., & van den Stock, J. (2011). The bodily expressive action stimulus test (BEAST). Construction and validation of a stimulus basis for measuring perception of whole body expression of emotions. Frontiers in Psychology, 2, 181.CrossRef
go back to reference de Gelder, B., & Vroomen, J. (2000). The perception of emotions by ear and by eye. Cognition and Emotion, 14, 289–311.CrossRef de Gelder, B., & Vroomen, J. (2000). The perception of emotions by ear and by eye. Cognition and Emotion, 14, 289–311.CrossRef
go back to reference de Gelder, B., Vroomen, J., de Jong, S. J., Masthoff, E. D., Trompenaars, F. J., & Hodiamont, P. (2005). Multisensory integration of emotional faces and voices in schizophrenics. Schziphrenia Research, 72, 195–203.CrossRef de Gelder, B., Vroomen, J., de Jong, S. J., Masthoff, E. D., Trompenaars, F. J., & Hodiamont, P. (2005). Multisensory integration of emotional faces and voices in schizophrenics. Schziphrenia Research, 72, 195–203.CrossRef
go back to reference Ethofer, T., Anders, S., Erb, M., Droll, C., Royen, L., Saur, R., Reiterer, S., Grodd, W., & Wildgruber, D. (2006). Impact of voice on emotional judgment of faces: An event-related fMRI study. Human Brain Mapping, 27, 707–714.CrossRef Ethofer, T., Anders, S., Erb, M., Droll, C., Royen, L., Saur, R., Reiterer, S., Grodd, W., & Wildgruber, D. (2006). Impact of voice on emotional judgment of faces: An event-related fMRI study. Human Brain Mapping, 27, 707–714.CrossRef
go back to reference Fox, C. J., & Barton, J. J. S. (2007). What is adapted in face adaptation? The neural representation of expression in the human visual system. Brain Research, 1127, 80–89.CrossRef Fox, C. J., & Barton, J. J. S. (2007). What is adapted in face adaptation? The neural representation of expression in the human visual system. Brain Research, 1127, 80–89.CrossRef
go back to reference Grill-Spector, K., Kushnir, T., Edelman, S., Avidan, G., Itzchak, Y., & Malach, R. (1999). Differential processing of objects under various viewing conditions in the human lateral occipital complex. Neuron, 24, 187–203.CrossRef Grill-Spector, K., Kushnir, T., Edelman, S., Avidan, G., Itzchak, Y., & Malach, R. (1999). Differential processing of objects under various viewing conditions in the human lateral occipital complex. Neuron, 24, 187–203.CrossRef
go back to reference Jessen, J., & Kotz, S. (2015). Affect differentially modulates brain activation in uni- and multisensory body-voice perception. Neuropsychologia, 66, 134–143.CrossRef Jessen, J., & Kotz, S. (2015). Affect differentially modulates brain activation in uni- and multisensory body-voice perception. Neuropsychologia, 66, 134–143.CrossRef
go back to reference Jessen, S., & Kotz, S. A. (2011). The temporal dynamics of processing emotions from vocal, facial, and bodily expressions. Neuroimage, 58, 665–674.CrossRef Jessen, S., & Kotz, S. A. (2011). The temporal dynamics of processing emotions from vocal, facial, and bodily expressions. Neuroimage, 58, 665–674.CrossRef
go back to reference Jessen, S., Obleser, J., & Kotz, S. A. (2012). How bodies and voices interact in early emotion perception. PLoS One, 7, e36070.CrossRef Jessen, S., Obleser, J., & Kotz, S. A. (2012). How bodies and voices interact in early emotion perception. PLoS One, 7, e36070.CrossRef
go back to reference Laukka (2005). Categorical perception of vocal expressions. Emotion, 5, 277–295.CrossRef Laukka (2005). Categorical perception of vocal expressions. Emotion, 5, 277–295.CrossRef
go back to reference Leopold, D. A., O’Toole, A. J., Vetter, T., & Blanz, V. (2001). Prototype-referenced shape encoding revealed by high-level after effects. Nature Neuroscience, 4, 89–94.CrossRef Leopold, D. A., O’Toole, A. J., Vetter, T., & Blanz, V. (2001). Prototype-referenced shape encoding revealed by high-level after effects. Nature Neuroscience, 4, 89–94.CrossRef
go back to reference Meeren, H. K. M., van Heijnsbergen, C., & de Gelder, B. (2005). Rapid perceptual integration of facial expression and emotional body language. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 102, 16518–16523.CrossRef Meeren, H. K. M., van Heijnsbergen, C., & de Gelder, B. (2005). Rapid perceptual integration of facial expression and emotional body language. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 102, 16518–16523.CrossRef
go back to reference Palumbo, R., D’Ascenzo, S., & Tommasi, L. (2015). Cross-category adaptation: Exposure to faces produces gender aftereffects in body perception. Psychological Research Psychologische Forschung, 79, 380–388.CrossRef Palumbo, R., D’Ascenzo, S., & Tommasi, L. (2015). Cross-category adaptation: Exposure to faces produces gender aftereffects in body perception. Psychological Research Psychologische Forschung, 79, 380–388.CrossRef
go back to reference Peelen, M. V., & Downing, P. E. (2005). Selectivity for the human body in the fusiform gyrus. Journal of neurophysiology, 93, 603–608.CrossRef Peelen, M. V., & Downing, P. E. (2005). Selectivity for the human body in the fusiform gyrus. Journal of neurophysiology, 93, 603–608.CrossRef
go back to reference Peelen, M. V., & Downing, P. E. (2007). The neural basis of visual body perception. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 8, 636–648.CrossRef Peelen, M. V., & Downing, P. E. (2007). The neural basis of visual body perception. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 8, 636–648.CrossRef
go back to reference Poljak, E., Poljak, E., & Wagemans, J. (2012). Reduced accuracy and sensitivity in the perception of emotional facial expressions in individuals with high autism spectrum traits. Autism, 17, 668–680.CrossRef Poljak, E., Poljak, E., & Wagemans, J. (2012). Reduced accuracy and sensitivity in the perception of emotional facial expressions in individuals with high autism spectrum traits. Autism, 17, 668–680.CrossRef
go back to reference Pourtois, G., de Gelder, B., Vroomen, J., Rossion, B., & Crommelinck, M. (2000). The time-course of intermodal binding between seeing and hearing affective information. Neuroreport, 11, 1329–1333.CrossRef Pourtois, G., de Gelder, B., Vroomen, J., Rossion, B., & Crommelinck, M. (2000). The time-course of intermodal binding between seeing and hearing affective information. Neuroreport, 11, 1329–1333.CrossRef
go back to reference Pye, A., & Bestelmeyer, P. (2015). Evidence for a supra-modal representation of emotion from cross-modal adaptation. Cognition, 134, 245–251.CrossRef Pye, A., & Bestelmeyer, P. (2015). Evidence for a supra-modal representation of emotion from cross-modal adaptation. Cognition, 134, 245–251.CrossRef
go back to reference Rhodes, G., Jeffery, L., Watson, T. L., Clifford, C. W. G., & Nakayama, K. (2003). Fitting the mind to the world: Face adaptation and attractiveness aftereffects. Psychological Science, 14, 558–566.CrossRef Rhodes, G., Jeffery, L., Watson, T. L., Clifford, C. W. G., & Nakayama, K. (2003). Fitting the mind to the world: Face adaptation and attractiveness aftereffects. Psychological Science, 14, 558–566.CrossRef
go back to reference Schweinberger, S. R., Casper, C., Hauthal, N., Kaufmann, J. M., Kawahara, H., Kloth, N., et al. (2008). Auditory adaptation in voice perception. Current Biology, 18, 684–688.CrossRef Schweinberger, S. R., Casper, C., Hauthal, N., Kaufmann, J. M., Kawahara, H., Kloth, N., et al. (2008). Auditory adaptation in voice perception. Current Biology, 18, 684–688.CrossRef
go back to reference Skuk, V. G., & Schweinberger, S. R. (2013). Adaptation aftereffects in vocal emotion perception elicited by expressive faces and voices. PLoS One, 8, e81691.CrossRef Skuk, V. G., & Schweinberger, S. R. (2013). Adaptation aftereffects in vocal emotion perception elicited by expressive faces and voices. PLoS One, 8, e81691.CrossRef
go back to reference Stienen, B. M. C., Tanaka, A., & de Gelder, B. (2011). Emotional voice and emotional body postures influence each other independently of visual awareness. PLoS ONE, 6, e25517.CrossRef Stienen, B. M. C., Tanaka, A., & de Gelder, B. (2011). Emotional voice and emotional body postures influence each other independently of visual awareness. PLoS ONE, 6, e25517.CrossRef
go back to reference Van den Stock, J., Grèzes, J., & de Gelder, B. (2008). Human and animal sounds influence recognition of body language. Brain Research, 1242, 185–190.CrossRef Van den Stock, J., Grèzes, J., & de Gelder, B. (2008). Human and animal sounds influence recognition of body language. Brain Research, 1242, 185–190.CrossRef
go back to reference Vroomen, J., Driver, J., & de Gelder, B. (2001). Is cross-modal integration of emotional expressions independent of attentional resources? Cognitive. Affective and Behavioural Neurosciences, 1, 382–387.CrossRef Vroomen, J., Driver, J., & de Gelder, B. (2001). Is cross-modal integration of emotional expressions independent of attentional resources? Cognitive. Affective and Behavioural Neurosciences, 1, 382–387.CrossRef
go back to reference Watson, R., Latinus, M., Noguchi, T., Garrod, O., Crabbe, F., & Belin, P. (2014). Crossmodal adaptation in right posterior superior temporal sulcus during face-voice emotional integration. Journal of Neuroscience, 34, 6813–6821.CrossRef Watson, R., Latinus, M., Noguchi, T., Garrod, O., Crabbe, F., & Belin, P. (2014). Crossmodal adaptation in right posterior superior temporal sulcus during face-voice emotional integration. Journal of Neuroscience, 34, 6813–6821.CrossRef
go back to reference Webster, M. A., Kaping, D., Mizokami, Y., & Duhamel, P. (2004). Adaptation to natural facial categories. Nature, 428, 557–561.CrossRef Webster, M. A., Kaping, D., Mizokami, Y., & Duhamel, P. (2004). Adaptation to natural facial categories. Nature, 428, 557–561.CrossRef
go back to reference Webster, M. A., & MacLin, O. H. (1999). Figural aftereffects in the perception of faces. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 6, 647–653.CrossRef Webster, M. A., & MacLin, O. H. (1999). Figural aftereffects in the perception of faces. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 6, 647–653.CrossRef
go back to reference Webster, M. A., & MacLeod, D. I. A. (2011). Visual adaptation and face perception. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B, 366, 1702–1725.CrossRef Webster, M. A., & MacLeod, D. I. A. (2011). Visual adaptation and face perception. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B, 366, 1702–1725.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
The representation and plasticity of body emotion expression
Auteurs
Rebecca Watson
Beatrice de Gelder
Publicatiedatum
02-01-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 5/2020
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-018-1133-1

Andere artikelen Uitgave 5/2020

Psychological Research 5/2020 Naar de uitgave