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11-10-2018

The relationship of weight suppression to treatment outcomes during behavioral weight loss

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Auteurs:
Christine C. Call, Amani D. Piers, Emily P. Wyckoff, Michael R. Lowe, Evan M. Forman, Meghan L. Butryn

Abstract

Many adults enter behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs at a weight below their highest lifetime weight. The discrepancy between highest lifetime weight and current weight is known as weight suppression (WS). Research has yet to characterize WS during BWL or investigate its relation to weight loss outcomes or treatment acceptability. Adults (N = 272) in a 12-month BWL program were assessed. WS was calculated by subtracting measured baseline weight from self-reported highest lifetime weight. Participants with higher WS lost significantly less weight than those with lower WS during treatment, although they still had clinically meaningful weight losses (e.g., participants with WS above the median: 7.8 kg; participants with WS below the median: 12.0 kg). WS was unrelated to weight losses at 24-month follow-up. Controlling for weight loss, treatment acceptability was unrelated to WS. BWL appears appropriate for those with high WS, but future research should aim to improve outcomes in this group.

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