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Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 5/2007

01-10-2007 | Original Article

The Relationship of Perfectionism to Judgmental Bias and Psychopathology

Auteurs: Patricia Marten DiBartolo, Chia Yen Li, Sanden Averett, Suzanne Skotheim, Lisa M. Smith, Carise Raney, Christopher McMillen

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 5/2007

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of perfectionism to judgmental biases, including estimates of aversiveness and probability of negative events and consequences, as well as the relationship of each of these constructs to measures of anxiety, stress, and depression. The Maladaptive Evaluative Concerns (MEC), but not the Pure Personal Standards (PPS), dimension of perfectionism was associated with greater psychological cost and perceived probability estimates, even controlling for concurrent psychological distress. In mediational analyses, judgmental bias scores significantly mediated, although only partially, the relationship between MEC-MPS scores and each measure of psychopathology. In contrast, the relationship of PPS-MPS scores to psychopathology was either non-significant or fully mediated by the judgmental bias measures, with one exception. Of the two judgmental bias factor scores, perceived probabilities rather than psychological costs most consistently mediated the relationship between the perfectionism dimensions and measures of psychological distress. This is the first study providing evidence that judgmental bias as well as the MEC dimension of perfectionism are each uniquely associated with risk for psychopathology. These findings warrant further investigation in order to elucidate how these two sets of cognitive factors increase risk for the development of psychopathology.
Voetnoten
1
The magnitude of the correlation between MEC-MPS and PPS-MPS (r = .36) was significantly lower than for MEC-MPS and the original Personal Standards (PS) scale of the MPS (r = .49), t = 6.84; p < .001. Moreover, each of the correlations of PPS-MPS with the measures of psychopathology as well as negative judgmental bias was lower than for PS-MPS and these measures. These findings support using the PPS-MPS subscale in lieu of the original subscale as the purest measure of positive achievement striving.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Relationship of Perfectionism to Judgmental Bias and Psychopathology
Auteurs
Patricia Marten DiBartolo
Chia Yen Li
Sanden Averett
Suzanne Skotheim
Lisa M. Smith
Carise Raney
Christopher McMillen
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2007
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 5/2007
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-006-9112-z