Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Disordered eating and difficulties with emotion regulation have shown strong associations but there has been little attention paid to possible mediators that would explain this relationship. In depression and anxiety, negative memory and interpretation biases are implicated in the onset and maintenance of these disorders, however, little is known about whether these biases also exist in eating disorders, and if they are related to difficulties with emotion regulation. Females (n = 181) aged 17–26 years, completed self-report measures of disordered eating and behaviours, difficulties in emotion regulation, depression, anxiety, and memory and interpretation bias. While negative memory bias was related to objective binge episodes, it was not related to difficulties in emotion regulation. Negative interpretation biases were associated with higher levels of eating psychopathology and objective binge eating when controlling for depression and anxiety. Cross-sectional testing showed this bias to mediate the relationship between both measures of disordered eating and difficulties with emotion regulation. Findings support further research into the effectiveness of cognitive bias modification techniques with respect to disordered eating and the reduction of emotion regulation difficulties.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Cooper, M. J., & Cowen, P. (2009). Negative self-beliefs in relation to eating disorder and depressive symptoms: Different themes are characteristic of the two sets of symptoms in those with eating disorders and/or depression. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 23(2), 147–159. doi: 10.1891/0889-83188.8.131.52. CrossRef
Fairburn, C. G., & Beglin, S. J. (1994). Assessment of eating disorders: Interview or self-report questionnaire? International Journal of Eating Disorders, 16(4), 363–370. doi: 10.1002/1098-108X(199412)16:4<363:AID-EAT2260160405>3.0.CO;2-#. PubMed
Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: Development, factor structure, and initial validation of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26(1), 41–54. doi: 10.1023/B:JOBA.0000007455.08539.94. CrossRef
Jacobi, C., & Fittig, E. (2010). Psychosocial risk factors for eating disorders The Oxford handbook of eating disorders (pp. 123–136). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
MacLeod, C., & Mathews, A. (2004). Selective memory effects in anxiety disorders: An overview of research findings and their implications. In D. R. P. Hertel (Ed.), Memory and emotion (pp. 155–185). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Smyth, J. M., Wonderlich, S. A., Heron, K. E., Sliwinski, M. J., Crosby, R. D., Mitchell, J. E., & Engel, S. G. (2007). Daily and momentary mood and stress are associated with binge eating and vomiting in bulimia nervosa patients in the natural environment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75(4), 629–638. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.75.4.629. CrossRefPubMed
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon.
Yiend, J., Parnes, C., Shepherd, K., Roche, M., & Cooper, M. (2014). Negative self-beliefs in eating disorders a cognitive-bias-modification study. Clinical Psychological Science,. doi: 10.1177/2167702614528163.
- The Relationship Between Memory and Interpretation Biases, Difficulties with Emotion Regulation, and Disordered Eating in Young Women
Jane L. Cooper
Tracey D. Wade
- Springer US