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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 1/2022

19-11-2021 | ORIGINAL PAPER

The Relations Between the Positive and Negative Components of Self-Compassion and Depressive Symptoms Among Sexual Minority Women and Men

Auteurs: Rhianydd Shakeshaft, Suzanne McLaren

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 1/2022

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Abstract

Objectives

The experience of depression among sexual minority adults is a cause for concern. Research into protective factors is lacking. Self-compassion is considered to promote adaptive coping strategies and is associated with fewer depressive symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate whether self-compassion and its components were associated with depressive symptoms among sexual minority adults and whether these relations were moderated by gender.

Methods

A sample of 499 sexual minority women aged 18 to 77 years (M = 29.45, SD = 9.97) and 457 sexual minority men aged 18 to 79 years (M = 27.05, SD = 9.12) completed the Center for Epidemiology-Depression Scale and the Self-Compassion Scale.

Results

Higher levels of self-compassion, self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness and lower levels of self-judgement, isolation, and over-identification were associated with lower levels of depressive symptoms. When all six components were entered simultaneously into a regression model, only the negative components predicted levels of depressive symptoms. Gender moderated the common humanity-depressive symptoms relation, with this relation being stronger for women than men.

Conclusions

Results indicate that the negative components of self-compassion are associated with depressive symptoms among sexual minority adults and that the strength of the relations are not conditional on gender.
Literatuur
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go back to reference Wadsworth, L. P., Forgeard, M., Hsu, K. J., Kertz, S., Treadway, M., & Björgvinsson, T. (2018). Examining the role of repetitive negative thinking in relations between positive and negative aspects of self-compassion and symptom improvement during intensive treatment. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 42(3), 236–249. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10608-017-9887-0 CrossRef Wadsworth, L. P., Forgeard, M., Hsu, K. J., Kertz, S., Treadway, M., & Björgvinsson, T. (2018). Examining the role of repetitive negative thinking in relations between positive and negative aspects of self-compassion and symptom improvement during intensive treatment. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 42(3), 236–249. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10608-017-9887-0 CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
The Relations Between the Positive and Negative Components of Self-Compassion and Depressive Symptoms Among Sexual Minority Women and Men
Auteurs
Rhianydd Shakeshaft
Suzanne McLaren
Publicatiedatum
19-11-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 1/2022
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01696-4