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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 8/2021

05-06-2021 | ORIGINAL PAPER

The Relation of Anxiety to Nonsuicidal Self Injury Is Indirect Through Mindfulness

Auteurs: Rachel C. Bock, Christopher R. Berghoff, Lucas D. Baker, Matthew T. Tull, Kim L. Gratz

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 8/2021

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Abstract

Objectives

Extant research indicates a robust association between anxiety and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). However, research identifying factors that may account for this relation is lacking. Mindfulness is one candidate construct that may account for the relation of anxiety to NSSI. The objective of the present study was to examine the indirect relation of anxiety to recurrent NSSI and NSSI versatility (i.e., the number of different NSSI methods used) through overall and specific facets of mindfulness while controlling for participant sex and depression symptoms.

Methods

Undergraduates (N = 339; Female = 76.4%), of whom approximately 14% reported recurrent NSSI behavior, completed the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory, Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21, and Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire. Four path-analytic regression analyses were conducted.

Results

Results revealed significant positive indirect relations of anxiety to recurrent NSSI and NSSI versatility through low total mindfulness, [95% CIs [0.001, 0.024] and [0.001, 0.008], respectively. Examination of mindfulness facets indicated significant positive indirect relations of anxiety to recurrent NSSI and NSSI versatility through nonjudging only, 95% CIs [0.001, 0.033] and [0.0001, 0.012], respectively.

Conclusions

Mindfulness partially accounts for NSSI behavior among individuals struggling with anxiety.

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Metagegevens
Titel
The Relation of Anxiety to Nonsuicidal Self Injury Is Indirect Through Mindfulness
Auteurs
Rachel C. Bock
Christopher R. Berghoff
Lucas D. Baker
Matthew T. Tull
Kim L. Gratz
Publicatiedatum
05-06-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 8/2021
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01660-2