Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 11/2020

29-07-2020 | Original Paper

The Relation between Parenting Stress and Child Behavior Problems: Negative Parenting Styles as Mediator

Auteurs: Miranda Chi Kuan Mak, Lu Yin, Minghui Li, Ray Yu-hin Cheung, Pey-Tee Oon

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 11/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Parenting young children could be stressful at times and parenting stress could have an impact on parenting styles and child behavior problems which could lead to difficulties in later life. Therefore, the relationship among these three factors is worthy of examination. In this study we aim to examine the direct relationship between parenting stress, parenting styles, and perceived child behavior problems; and to investigate a model that illustrates the mediating role of negative (authoritarian and permissive) parenting styles on the relationship between parenting stress and perceived child behavior problems in China. A total of 371 parents with preschool age children (3 to 7 years old) were recruited. The results showed higher level of parenting stress was associated with higher level of reported child behavior problems. Parenting stress was positively related to negative parenting styles, and negative parenting styles partially mediated the relationship between parenting stress and child behavior problems. Findings from this study suggested that reducing parenting stress, improving parenting behaviors such as parenting styles, and enhancing parent-child relationship through early support (e.g., parenting skills training) are of vital importance and mutual benefits to the parents, children, and family relationships at large.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
go back to reference Abidin, R. R. (1983). Parenting Stress Index: Manual, Administration Booklet, and Research Update. Charlottesvillie, VA: Pediatric Psychology Press. Abidin, R. R. (1983). Parenting Stress Index: Manual, Administration Booklet, and Research Update. Charlottesvillie, VA: Pediatric Psychology Press.
go back to reference Abidin, R. R. (1992). The determinants of parenting behavior. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 21(4), 407–412. Abidin, R. R. (1992). The determinants of parenting behavior. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 21(4), 407–412.
go back to reference Abidin, R. R. (1995). Parenting Stress Index (PSI) manual. 3rd ed. Charlottesville, VA: Pediatric Psychology Press. Abidin, R. R. (1995). Parenting Stress Index (PSI) manual. 3rd ed. Charlottesville, VA: Pediatric Psychology Press.
go back to reference Abidin, R. R., Jenkins, C. L., & McGaughey, M. C. (1992). The relationship of early family variables to children’s subsequent behavioral adjustment. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 21(1), 60–69. Abidin, R. R., Jenkins, C. L., & McGaughey, M. C. (1992). The relationship of early family variables to children’s subsequent behavioral adjustment. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 21(1), 60–69.
go back to reference Achenbach, T. M., Edelbrock, C., & Howell, C. T. (1987). Empirically based assessment of the behavioral/emotional problems of 2- and 3-year-old children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 15, 629–650. PubMed Achenbach, T. M., Edelbrock, C., & Howell, C. T. (1987). Empirically based assessment of the behavioral/emotional problems of 2- and 3-year-old children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 15, 629–650. PubMed
go back to reference Anthony, L. G., Anthony, B. J., Glanville, D. N., Naiman, D. Q., Waanders, C., & Shaffer, S. (2005). The relationships between parenting stress, parenting behaviour and preschoolers’ social competence and behaviour problems in the classroom. Infant and Child Development, 14(2), 133–154. Anthony, L. G., Anthony, B. J., Glanville, D. N., Naiman, D. Q., Waanders, C., & Shaffer, S. (2005). The relationships between parenting stress, parenting behaviour and preschoolers’ social competence and behaviour problems in the classroom. Infant and Child Development, 14(2), 133–154.
go back to reference Arbuckle, J. L. (2016). Amos 24.0 User’s Guide. Chicago: IBM SPSS. Arbuckle, J. L. (2016). Amos 24.0 User’s Guide. Chicago: IBM SPSS.
go back to reference Baumrind, D. (1971). Current patterns of parental authority. Developmental Psychological Monographs, 1(1, Pt. 2). Baumrind, D. (1971). Current patterns of parental authority. Developmental Psychological Monographs, 1(1, Pt. 2).
go back to reference Belsky, J. (1984). The determinants of parenting: a process model. Child development, 55, 83–96. PubMed Belsky, J. (1984). The determinants of parenting: a process model. Child development, 55, 83–96. PubMed
go back to reference Blair, C., & Raver, C. C. (2012). Child development in the context of adversity: experiential canalization of brain and behavior. American Psychologist, 67(4), 309–318. PubMed Blair, C., & Raver, C. C. (2012). Child development in the context of adversity: experiential canalization of brain and behavior. American Psychologist, 67(4), 309–318. PubMed
go back to reference Bronfenbrenner, U. (1986). Ecology of the family as a context for human development: research perspectives. Developmental Psychology, 22(6), 723–742. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1986). Ecology of the family as a context for human development: research perspectives. Developmental Psychology, 22(6), 723–742.
go back to reference Campbell, S. B. (1995). Behavior problems in preschool children: a review of recent research. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36(1), 113–149. PubMed Campbell, S. B. (1995). Behavior problems in preschool children: a review of recent research. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36(1), 113–149. PubMed
go back to reference Campbell, S. B. (2006). Behavior problems in preschool children: clinical and developmental issues. New York: The Guilford Press. Campbell, S. B. (2006). Behavior problems in preschool children: clinical and developmental issues. New York: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Chao, R. K. (1994). Beyond parental control and authoritarian parenting style: understanding Chinese parenting through the cultural notion of training. Child Development, 65(4), 1111–1119. PubMed Chao, R. K. (1994). Beyond parental control and authoritarian parenting style: understanding Chinese parenting through the cultural notion of training. Child Development, 65(4), 1111–1119. PubMed
go back to reference Chao, R. K. (2000). The parenting of immigrant Chinese and European American mothers: relations between parenting styles, socialization goals, and parental practices. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 21, 233–248. Chao, R. K. (2000). The parenting of immigrant Chinese and European American mothers: relations between parenting styles, socialization goals, and parental practices. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 21, 233–248.
go back to reference Chao, R. K. (2001). Extending research on the consequences of parenting style for Chinese Americans and European Americans. Child Development, 72, 1832–1843. PubMed Chao, R. K. (2001). Extending research on the consequences of parenting style for Chinese Americans and European Americans. Child Development, 72, 1832–1843. PubMed
go back to reference Chao, R.K., & Tseng, V. (2002). Parenting of Asians. In M.H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting: Vol. 4, Social conditions and applied parenting (pp. 59–93). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Chao, R.K., & Tseng, V. (2002). Parenting of Asians. In M.H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting: Vol. 4, Social conditions and applied parenting (pp. 59–93). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Cole, D. A., & Rehm, L. P. (1986). Family interaction patterns and childhood depression. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 14, 297–314. PubMed Cole, D. A., & Rehm, L. P. (1986). Family interaction patterns and childhood depression. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 14, 297–314. PubMed
go back to reference Creasey, G. L., & Jarvis, P. A. (1994). Relationships between parenting stress and developmental functioning among 2-year-olds. Infant Behavior and Development, 17(4), 423–429. Creasey, G. L., & Jarvis, P. A. (1994). Relationships between parenting stress and developmental functioning among 2-year-olds. Infant Behavior and Development, 17(4), 423–429.
go back to reference Crnic, K., & Low, C. (2002). Everyday stresses and parenting. In M.H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting: Vol. 5, Practical issues in parenting (pp. 243–267). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Crnic, K., & Low, C. (2002). Everyday stresses and parenting. In M.H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting: Vol. 5, Practical issues in parenting (pp. 243–267). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Deater-Deckard, K. (1998). Parenting stress and child adjustment: Some old hypotheses and new questions. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 5, 314–332. Deater-Deckard, K. (1998). Parenting stress and child adjustment: Some old hypotheses and new questions. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 5, 314–332.
go back to reference Deater-Deckard, K. (2004). Parenting stress. Cambridge: Yale University Press. Deater-Deckard, K. (2004). Parenting stress. Cambridge: Yale University Press.
go back to reference Deater-Deckard, K., Dodge, K.A., & Sorbring, E. (2005). Cultural differences in the effects of physical punishment. In M. Rutter & M. Tienda (Eds.), Ethnicity and causal mechanisms (pp. 204–226). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Deater-Deckard, K., Dodge, K.A., & Sorbring, E. (2005). Cultural differences in the effects of physical punishment. In M. Rutter & M. Tienda (Eds.), Ethnicity and causal mechanisms (pp. 204–226). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Deater‐Deckard, K., Pinkerton, R., & Scarr, S. (1996). Child care quality and children’s behavioral adjustment: a four‐year longitudinal study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 37(8), 937–948. PubMed Deater‐Deckard, K., Pinkerton, R., & Scarr, S. (1996). Child care quality and children’s behavioral adjustment: a four‐year longitudinal study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 37(8), 937–948. PubMed
go back to reference Deater-Deckard, K., & Scarr, S. (1996). Parenting stress among dual-earner mothers and fathers: are there gender differences? Journal of Family Psychology, 10(1), 45–59. Deater-Deckard, K., & Scarr, S. (1996). Parenting stress among dual-earner mothers and fathers: are there gender differences? Journal of Family Psychology, 10(1), 45–59.
go back to reference Ewing, L.J., & Campbell, S.B. (1995). Hard to manage preschoolers: Social competence, externalizing behavior, and psychopathology at early adolescence. Indianapolis, Indiana: Poster presented at the Society for Research in Child Development. Ewing, L.J., & Campbell, S.B. (1995). Hard to manage preschoolers: Social competence, externalizing behavior, and psychopathology at early adolescence. Indianapolis, Indiana: Poster presented at the Society for Research in Child Development.
go back to reference Fanti, K. A., & Henrich, C. C. (2010). Trajectories of pure and co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problems from age 2 to age 12: findings from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care. Developmental Psychology, 46(5), 1159. PubMed Fanti, K. A., & Henrich, C. C. (2010). Trajectories of pure and co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problems from age 2 to age 12: findings from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care. Developmental Psychology, 46(5), 1159. PubMed
go back to reference Farmer, A. D., & Bierman, K. L., The Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (2002). Predictors and consequences of aggressive-withdrawn problem profiles in early grade school. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31(3), 299–311. PubMedPubMedCentral Farmer, A. D., & Bierman, K. L., The Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (2002). Predictors and consequences of aggressive-withdrawn problem profiles in early grade school. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31(3), 299–311. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Fu, Y., Hou, X., Qin, Q., Meng, H., Xie, P., Huang, Y., & Hu, H. (2013). Can parenting styles and dimensions questionnaire (PSDQ) be used in China? Psychology, 4(06), 535–540. Fu, Y., Hou, X., Qin, Q., Meng, H., Xie, P., Huang, Y., & Hu, H. (2013). Can parenting styles and dimensions questionnaire (PSDQ) be used in China? Psychology, 4(06), 535–540.
go back to reference Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., & Mullen, M. (2008). Structural equation modelling: guidelines for determining model fit. Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 6(1), 53–60. Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., & Mullen, M. (2008). Structural equation modelling: guidelines for determining model fit. Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 6(1), 53–60.
go back to reference Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1–55. CrossRef Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1–55. CrossRef
go back to reference IBM Corp. (2016). IBM SPSS statistics for Windows, Version 24.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. (Released 2016). IBM Corp. (2016). IBM SPSS statistics for Windows, Version 24.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. (Released 2016).
go back to reference Kuppens, S., & Ceulemans, E. (2019). Parenting styles: a closer look at a well-known concept. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 28, 168–181. PubMed Kuppens, S., & Ceulemans, E. (2019). Parenting styles: a closer look at a well-known concept. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 28, 168–181. PubMed
go back to reference LaFreniere, P. J., & Dumas, J. E. (1996). Social competence and behavior evaluation in children ages 3 to 6 years: the short form (SCBE-30). Psychological Assessment, 8(4), 369–377. LaFreniere, P. J., & Dumas, J. E. (1996). Social competence and behavior evaluation in children ages 3 to 6 years: the short form (SCBE-30). Psychological Assessment, 8(4), 369–377.
go back to reference Leung, K., Lau, S., & Lam, W. L. (1998). Parenting styles and achievement. A cross-cultural study. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 44, 157–172. Leung, K., Lau, S., & Lam, W. L. (1998). Parenting styles and achievement. A cross-cultural study. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 44, 157–172.
go back to reference Liu, Y., Song, Y., Liang, Z. B., Bai, Y., & Deng, H. H. (2012). Evaluation of social competence and behavior of urban children in China. Journal of Southeast University (Medicine Science Edition), 31(3), 268–273. Liu, Y., Song, Y., Liang, Z. B., Bai, Y., & Deng, H. H. (2012). Evaluation of social competence and behavior of urban children in China. Journal of Southeast University (Medicine Science Edition), 31(3), 268–273.
go back to reference Luster, T., & Okagaki, L. (1993). Parenting: an ecological perspective. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrance Erlbaum Associates. Luster, T., & Okagaki, L. (1993). Parenting: an ecological perspective. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrance Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Maccoby, E.E., & Martin, J.A. (1983). Socialization in the context of the family: parent-child interaction. In P.H. Mussen & E.M. Hetherington (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology (4th ed., Vol. 4, pp. 1–101). New York, NY: Wiley. Maccoby, E.E., & Martin, J.A. (1983). Socialization in the context of the family: parent-child interaction. In P.H. Mussen & E.M. Hetherington (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology (4th ed., Vol. 4, pp. 1–101). New York, NY: Wiley.
go back to reference MacKinnon, D. P., & Fairchild, A. J. (2009). Current directions in mediation analysis. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18, 16–20. PubMedPubMedCentral MacKinnon, D. P., & Fairchild, A. J. (2009). Current directions in mediation analysis. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18, 16–20. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Mackler, J. S., Kelleher, R. T., Shanahan, L., Calkins, S. D., Keane, S. P., & O’Brien, M. (2015). Parenting stress, parental reactions, and externalizing behavior from ages 4 to 10. Journal of Marriage and Family, 77(2), 388–406. PubMed Mackler, J. S., Kelleher, R. T., Shanahan, L., Calkins, S. D., Keane, S. P., & O’Brien, M. (2015). Parenting stress, parental reactions, and externalizing behavior from ages 4 to 10. Journal of Marriage and Family, 77(2), 388–406. PubMed
go back to reference Neece, C. L., Green, S. A., & Baker, B. L. (2012). Parenting stress and child behavior problems: a transactional relationship across time. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 117(1), 48–66. PubMedPubMedCentral Neece, C. L., Green, S. A., & Baker, B. L. (2012). Parenting stress and child behavior problems: a transactional relationship across time. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 117(1), 48–66. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Patterson, G. R., DeBaryshe, B., & Ramsey, E. (1989). A developmental perspective on antisocial behavior. American Psychologist, 44, 329–335. PubMed Patterson, G. R., DeBaryshe, B., & Ramsey, E. (1989). A developmental perspective on antisocial behavior. American Psychologist, 44, 329–335. PubMed
go back to reference Pinquart, M., & Kauser, R. (2018). Do the associations of parenting styles with behavior problems and academic achievement vary by culture? Results from a meta-analysis. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 24(1), 75–100. PubMed Pinquart, M., & Kauser, R. (2018). Do the associations of parenting styles with behavior problems and academic achievement vary by culture? Results from a meta-analysis. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 24(1), 75–100. PubMed
go back to reference Reijntjes, A., Kamphuis, J. H., Prinzie, P., & Telch, M. J. (2010). Peer victimization and internalizing problems in children: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Child Abuse & Neglect, 34(4), 244–252. Reijntjes, A., Kamphuis, J. H., Prinzie, P., & Telch, M. J. (2010). Peer victimization and internalizing problems in children: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Child Abuse & Neglect, 34(4), 244–252.
go back to reference Robinson, C.C., Mandleco, B., Olsen, S.F., & Hart, C.H. (2001). The Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ). In B.F. Perlmutter, J. Touliatos, & G.W. Holden (Eds.), Handbook of family measurement techniques: Vol. 3. Instruments & index (pp. 319-321). Thousand Oaks: Sage. Robinson, C.C., Mandleco, B., Olsen, S.F., & Hart, C.H. (2001). The Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ). In B.F. Perlmutter, J. Touliatos, & G.W. Holden (Eds.), Handbook of family measurement techniques: Vol. 3. Instruments & index (pp. 319-321). Thousand Oaks: Sage.
go back to reference Smetana, J. G. (2017). Current research on parenting styles, dimensions, and beliefs. Current Opinion in Psychology, 15, 19–25. PubMed Smetana, J. G. (2017). Current research on parenting styles, dimensions, and beliefs. Current Opinion in Psychology, 15, 19–25. PubMed
go back to reference Stormshak, E. A., Bierman, K. L., McMahon, R. J., & Lengua, L. J. (2000). Parenting practices and child disruptive behavior problems in early elementary school. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29(1), 17–29. PubMedPubMedCentral Stormshak, E. A., Bierman, K. L., McMahon, R. J., & Lengua, L. J. (2000). Parenting practices and child disruptive behavior problems in early elementary school. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29(1), 17–29. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Thompson, R. A. (2014). Stress and child development. The Future of Children, 24(1), 41–59. PubMed Thompson, R. A. (2014). Stress and child development. The Future of Children, 24(1), 41–59. PubMed
go back to reference Van Lier, P. A., Vitaro, F., Barker, E. D., Brendgen, M., Tremblay, R. E., & Boivin, M. (2012). Peer victimization, poor academic achievement, and the link between childhood externalizing and internalizing problems. Child Development, 83(5), 1775–1788. PubMed Van Lier, P. A., Vitaro, F., Barker, E. D., Brendgen, M., Tremblay, R. E., & Boivin, M. (2012). Peer victimization, poor academic achievement, and the link between childhood externalizing and internalizing problems. Child Development, 83(5), 1775–1788. PubMed
go back to reference Webster-Stratton, C. (1990). Stress: a potential disruptor of parent perceptions and family interactions. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 19(4), 302–312. Webster-Stratton, C. (1990). Stress: a potential disruptor of parent perceptions and family interactions. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 19(4), 302–312.
go back to reference Xu, A., & Xia, Y. (2014). The changes in mainland Chinese families during the social transition: a critical analysis. Journal of comparative family studies, 45(1), 31–53. Xu, A., & Xia, Y. (2014). The changes in mainland Chinese families during the social transition: a critical analysis. Journal of comparative family studies, 45(1), 31–53.
go back to reference Yeh, C. H., Chen, M. L., Li, W., & Chuang, H. L. (2001). The Chinese version of the parenting stress index: a psychometric study. Acta Paediatrica, 90(12), 1470–1477. PubMed Yeh, C. H., Chen, M. L., Li, W., & Chuang, H. L. (2001). The Chinese version of the parenting stress index: a psychometric study. Acta Paediatrica, 90(12), 1470–1477. PubMed
go back to reference Zahn-Waxler, C., Usher, B., Suomi, S., & Cole, P. M. (2005). Intersections of biology and behavior in young children’s antisocial patterns: the role of development, gender and socialization. In Developmental Psychobiology of Aggression (pp. 141–160). New York: Cambridge University Press. Zahn-Waxler, C., Usher, B., Suomi, S., & Cole, P. M. (2005). Intersections of biology and behavior in young children’s antisocial patterns: the role of development, gender and socialization. In Developmental Psychobiology of Aggression (pp. 141–160). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Metagegevens
Titel
The Relation between Parenting Stress and Child Behavior Problems: Negative Parenting Styles as Mediator
Auteurs
Miranda Chi Kuan Mak
Lu Yin
Minghui Li
Ray Yu-hin Cheung
Pey-Tee Oon
Publicatiedatum
29-07-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 11/2020
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-020-01785-3