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01-08-2011 | Original Paper | Uitgave 4/2011

Journal of Child and Family Studies 4/2011

The Relation Between Maternal Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Mother–Infant Interaction

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 4/2011
Auteurs:
Deborah L. Semple, Eric J. Mash, Jerilyn E. Ninowski, Karen M. Benzies

Abstract

The relationship between maternal symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and specific maternal behaviors was examined in a community sample of 40 mothers of infants aged 3–8 months. It was hypothesized that maternal ADHD symptoms would be related to lower levels of maternal sensitivity, and higher levels of maternal intrusiveness and negative regard. Mothers and their infants were observed and video-recorded in their homes while interacting in a feeding, play, and task situation. A series of hierarchical regressions partially supported the hypothesized relations: Of the specific maternal ADHD symptoms, maternal inattentive symptoms significantly predicted maternal insensitivity, intrusiveness, and negative regard above and beyond maternal symptoms of anxiety and maternal ratings of infant activity. These findings suggest that mothers reporting ADHD symptoms, particularly the inattentive cluster of symptoms, may experience difficulties in interactions with their infants. Early interventions that address these difficulties may be warranted to facilitate development and reduce the likelihood of adverse outcomes in children of mothers with symptoms of ADHD.

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