Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Although the phenomenology of overt or aggressive antisocial behavior during childhood is well-documented, far less is known about covert or non-aggressive, rule-breaking (RB) antisocial behavior. Gaps in knowledge include issues as basic as RB’s typical symptom presentation during childhood and which symptoms differ across sex. The current study sought to fill these gaps in the literature by establishing the prevalence and psychometric properties of specific RB behaviors in a sample of 1022 twin boys and 1010 twin girls between the ages of 6 and 10 years. Legal RB behaviors (e.g., breaking rules, swears, lying or cheating) were present to varying degrees in most children, regardless of whether or not they passed the clinical threshold for RB. They were also more common in boys than in girls regardless of their clinical status. In sharp contrast, illegal RB behaviors (e.g., stealing, vandalism, setting fires) were rarely observed in typically-developing children, but were seen at moderate levels in boys and girls with clinically-significant levels of RB. Moreover, sex differences in illegal RB behaviors were observed only for those youth with clinically meaningful levels of RB. Such findings collectively imply that while legal RB behaviors can be found (albeit at different frequencies) in children with and without clinically meaningful levels of RB, illegal RB behaviors may function as relatively ‘unambiguous’ indicator of clinically-significant levels of RB.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for ASEBA School-Age Forms & Profiles. Burlington,: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.
Broidy, L. M., Nagin, D. S., Tremblay, R. E., Bates, J. E., Brame, B., Dodge, K. A., et al. (2003). Developmental trajectories of childhood disruptive behaviors and adolescent delinquency: a six-site, cross-national study. Developmental Psychology, 39, 222–245.
Burt, S. A., Rescorla, L. A., Achenbach, T. M., Ivanova, M. Y., Almqvist, F., Begovac, I., & Verhulst, F. C. (2015). The association between aggressive and non-aggressive antisocial problems as measured with the Achenbach system of empirically based assessment: a study of 27,861 parent–adolescent dyads from 25 societies. Personality and Individual Differences, 85, 86–92. CrossRef
Embreton, S. E., & Reise, S. P. (2000). Item response theory for psychologists. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Frick, P. J., Lahey, B. B., Loeber, R., Tannenbaum, L., Van Horn, Y., Christ, M. A. G., et al. (1993). Oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder: a meta-analytic review of factor analyses and cross-validation in a clinic sample. Clinical Psychology Review, 13(4), 319–340.
Hewitt, J. K., Silberg, J. L., Rutter, M., Simonoff, E., Meyer, J. M., Maes, H., et al. (1997). Genetics and developmental psychopathology: 1. Phenotypic Assessment in the Virginia Twin Study of Adolescent Behavioral Development. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38, 943–963.
Moffitt, T. E. (2003). Life-course persistent and adolescence-limited antisocial behavior: a research review and a research agenda. In B. Lahey, T. E. Moffitt, & A. Caspi (Eds.), The causes of conduct disorder and serious juvenile delinquency (pp. 49–75). New York: Guilford.
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998-2012). Mplus User's Guide (6th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Rescorla, L. A., Ginzburg, S., Achenbach, T. M., Ivanova, M. Y., Almqvist, F., Begovac, I., et al. (2013). Cross-informant agreement between parent-reported and adolescent self-reported problems in 25 societies. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 42(2), 262–273. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2012.717870.
Robbers, S. C. C., Bartels, M., van Oort, F. V. A., van Beijsterveldt, C. E. M., van der Ende, J., Verhulst, F. C., et al. (2010). A twin-singleton comparison of developmental trajectories of externalizing and internalizing problems in 6- to 12-year-old children. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 13, 79–87.
Stranger, C., Achenbach, T. A., & Verhulst, F. C. (1997). Accelerated longitudinal comparisons of aggressive versus delinquent syndromes. Development and Psychopathology, 9, 43–58.
Tremblay, R. E. (2003). Why socialization fails: the case of chronic physical aggression. In B. Lahey, T. E. Moffitt, & A. Caspi (Eds.), The causes of conduct disorder and serious juvenile delinquency (pp. 182–224). New York: Guilford.
Walters, G. D. (2010). The latent structure of life-course persistent antisocial bheavior: is Moffitt's developmental taxonomy a true taxonomy? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. doi: 10.1037/a0021519.
- The Phenomenology of Non-Aggressive Antisocial Behavior During Childhood
S. Alexandra Burt
M. Brent Donnellan
Brooke L. Slawinski
Kelly L. Klump
- Springer US