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07-07-2018

The Personality Context of Adolescent Gambling: Better Explained by the Big Five or Sensation-Seeking?

Auteurs: Kathleen W. Reardon, Meggie Wang, Clayton Neighbors, Jennifer L. Tackett

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 1/2019

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Abstract

Adolescent gambling is a serious and increasingly common problem. Studies in adults have found several within- and between-person associations between personality and gambling. We aim to extend these findings to a sample of adolescents selected for gambling behavior. Participants consisted of a racially diverse sample of adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17 (n = 227). We collected self-reported information on normal-range personality traits, sensation-seeking, and gambling frequency, severity, and motives in an online survey. Normal-range personality traits were not correlated with gambling, but trait sensation-seeking was positively correlated with gambling. Latent class analyses showed that classes of adolescent gamblers may be differentiated based on personality trait patterns, although these classes were not differentiated on gambling severity or frequency. Finally, in hierarchical analyses, six homogenous components representing the five normal-range personality traits and sensation-seeking accounted for maximum variance in gambling outcomes. In this model, components representing sensation-seeking and conscientiousness were the only significant unique predictors of gambling-related outcomes. Our findings suggest that subgroups of adolescent gamblers may be distinguished based on personality trait patterns before the emergence of problematic gambling. In other words, personality differences may reflect an early predisposition to divergent pathways to adolescent gambling. Our findings concur with previous work and underscore the importance of sensation-seeking as a particularly important risk factor of initiation and escalation of adolescent gambling.
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1
During screening, potential participants were asked about the following gaming/gambling behaviors: Used poker applications on social networking sites such as Facebook or Bebo?; Played games for virtual money on virtual pet sites such as Fluffy Friends, NeoPets, FooMojo, or FooPets, or Webkinz!?; Played “free-play”/"demo”/"money-free” games on Internet gambling sites?; Placed bets on a videogame or arcade game?; Placed bets on the Internet, e.g., sports bets (Fantasy Football, March Madness, Super Bowl squares,etc.)?; Bought a lottery ticket/scratch card?; Played dice/craps for money or something of value?; Gambled on a slot or poker machine?; Placed bets with a bookie?
 
2
3 parcels for 9 items of the GPSS from the CAGI; 6 parcels for 19 frequency items from the CAGI; 3 parcels for 9 items of the DSM-IV-MR-J
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Personality Context of Adolescent Gambling: Better Explained by the Big Five or Sensation-Seeking?
Auteurs
Kathleen W. Reardon
Meggie Wang
Clayton Neighbors
Jennifer L. Tackett
Publicatiedatum
07-07-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 1/2019
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-018-9690-6

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