Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS; Cohen, Kamarck, & Mermelstein, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24: 385–396, 1983) and its derivatives are among the most commonly used self-report measures of subjective global stress. Several factorial models of the PSS have been proposed; however, which of these structures reliably measures individuals with mental illness remains unclear. Moreover, despite the detection of gender differences in perceived stress, factorial invariance between genders has not yet been tested with the PSS. Confirmatory factor analysis evaluating six prevailing factorial models of the PSS among a large sample of psychiatric patients and a matched community sample supported a two-factor model. Multiple group analysis established configural, metric and scalar invariance of this model across gender, but only configural invariance across samples differing by mental health status. Implications are that gender differences can be cautiously interpreted as true mean differences rather than artifacts of measurement bias; however, mean perceived stress factor scores should not be compared directly across psychiatric and non-psychiatric samples.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bergdahl, J., & Bergdahl, M. (2002). Perceived stress in adults: Prevalence, and association of depression, anxiety and medication in a Swedish population. Stress and Health, 18, 235–241. CrossRef
Camilli, G., & Shepard, L. (1994). Methods for identifying biased test items. Newbury Park: Sage.
Campbell, H. L., Barry, C. L., Joe, J. N., & Finney, S. J. (2008). Configural, metric, and scalar invariance of the Modified Achievement Goal Questionnaire across African American and White university students. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 68, 988–1007.
Cherewatenko, V. S., & Perry, P. (2004). The stress cure. New York: HarperCollins Publishers Inc.
Cohen, S., & Williamson, G. (1988). Perceived stress in a probability sample of the United States. In S. Spacapam & S. Oskamp (Eds.), The social psychology of health: Claremont symposium on applied social psychology. Newbury Park: Sage.
Cohen, S., Doyle, W. J., & Skoner, D. P. (1999). Psychological stress, cytokine production, and severity of upper respiratory illness. Psychosomatic Medicine, 61, 175–180. PubMed
Dohrenwend, B. P. (2000). The role of adversity and stress in psychopathology: Some evidence and its implications for theory and research. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour, 41, 1–19. CrossRef
Fazel, S., Khosla, V., Doll, H., & Geddes, J. (2008). The prevalence of mental disorders among the homeless in Western counties: Systematic review ad meta-regression analysis. Public Library of Science Medicine, 5, 1670–1681.
Gitchel, W. D., Roessler, R. T., & Turner, R. C. (2011). Gender effect according to item directionality on the perceived stress scale for adults with multiple sclerosis. Rehabilitation Counseling. doi: 10.1177/0034355211404567.
Hewitt, P. L., Flett, G. L., & Mosher, S. W. (1992). The perceived stress scale: Factor structure and relation to depression symptoms in a psychiatric sample. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 14, 247–257. CrossRef
Hiday, V. A., Swartz, M. S., Swanson, J. W., Borum, R., & Wagner, H. R. (1999). Criminal victimization of persons with severe mental illness. Psychiatric Services, 50, 62–68. PubMed
Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1–55. CrossRef
Jackson, E. A., Meeks, S., & Vititoe, E. S. (2002). Life events, distress, symptoms, and functioning in late-life severe mental illness. Journal of Mental Health and Ageing, 8, 59–87.
Jansen, L. M. C., Gispen-de Wied, C. C., & Kahn, R. S. (1999). Coping with the stress of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 36, 170.
Kass, R. E., & Raftery, A. E. (1995). Bayes factors. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 90, 773–795. CrossRef
Koolhaas, J. M., Bartolomucci, A., Buwalda, B., de Boer, S. F., Flugge, G., Korte, S. M., Meerlo, P., Murison, R., Olivier, B., Palanza, P., Richter-Levin, G., Sgoifo, A., Steimer, T., Stiedl, O., van Dijl, G., Wohr, M., & Fuchs, E. (2011). Stress revisited: A critical evaluation of the stress concept. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 35, 1291–1301. PubMedCrossRef
Lazarus, R. S. (1966). Psychological stress and coping process. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress appraisal and coping. New York: Springer.
Livingston, J. D., & Boyd, J. (2010). Correlates and consequences of internalized stigma for people living with mental illness: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Social Science & Medicine, 71, 2150–2161. CrossRef
MacDonald, E. M., Pica, S., McDonald, S., Hayes, R. L., & Baglioni, A. J., Jr. (1998). Stress and coping in early psychosis. Role of symptoms, self-efficacy and social support in coping with stress. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 172, 122–127.
Machulda, M., Bergquist, T., & Ito, V. (1998). Relationship between stress, coping, and postconcussion symptoms in a healthy adult population. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 13, 415–424. PubMed
Martin, R. A., Kazarian, S. S., & Breiter, H. J. (1995). Perceived stress, life events, dysfunctional attitudes, and depression in adolescent psychiatric inpatients. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 17, 81–95. CrossRef
Monahan, J., Steadman, H. J., Silver, E., Appelbaum, P. S., Robbins, P. C., Mulvey, E. P., Roth, L., Grisso, T., & Banks, S. (2001). Rethinking risk assessment: The MacArthur study of mental disorder and violence. New York: Oxford University Press.
Monroe, S. M., & Hadjiyannakis, K. (2002). The social environment and depression: Focusing on severe life stress. In I. H. Gotlib & C. L. Hammen (Eds.), Handbook of depression (3rd ed., pp. 314–340). New York: Guilford.
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2009a). Mplus user’s manual (5th ed.). Los Angeles: Muthén & Muthén.
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén., B. O. (2009b). Mplus short courses, Topic 2: Regression analysis, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation modeling for categorical, censored, and count outcomes. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén. Available at: www.statmodel.com/download/Topic%202.pdf
Nunnally, J. C., & Bernstein, I. H. (1994). Psychometric theory (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Örücü, M. Ç., & Demir, A. (2009). Psychometric evaluation of perceived stress scale for Turkish university students. Stress and Health, 25, 103–109. CrossRef
Purcell, S. R., Kutash, M., & Cobb, S. (2011). The relationship between nurses’ stress and nurse staffing factors in a hospital setting. Journal of Nursing Management. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2011.01262.x.
Raftery, A. E. (1995). Bayesian model selection in social research. Sociological Methodology, 25, 111–163. CrossRef
Ramírez, M. T. G., & Hernández, R. L. (2007). Factor structure of the perceived stress scale (PSS) in a sample from Mexico. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 10, 199–206. PubMed
Remor, E. (2006). Psychometric properties of a European Spanish version of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 9, 86–93. PubMed
Roberti, J. W., Harrington, L. N., & Storch, E. A. (2006). Further psychometric support for the 10-item version of the perceived stress scale. Journal of College Counseling, 9, 135–147. CrossRef
Seyle, H. (1976). Stress in health and disease. Boston: Butterworths.
Steadman, H. J., & Ribner, S. A. (1982). Life stress and violence among ex-mental patients. Social Science & Medicine, 16, 1641–1647. CrossRef
Steadman, H. J., Mulvey, E. P., Monahan, J., Robbins, P. C., Appelbaum, P. S., Grisso, T., Roth, L. H., & Silver, E. (1998). Violence by people discharged from acute psychiatric inpatient facilities and by others in the same neighbourhoods. Archives of General Psychiatry, 55, 393–401. PubMedCrossRef
Steenkamp, J., & Baumgartner, H. (1998). Assessing measurement invariance in cross-national consumer research. Journal of Consumer Research, 25, 78–90. CrossRef
Vandenburg, R. J., & Lance, C. E. (2000). A review and synthesis of the measurement invariance literature: Suggestions, practices, and recommendations for organizational research. Organizational Research Methods, 3, 4–70. CrossRef
Yu, C. Y. (2002). Evaluating cutoff criteria of model fit indices for latent variable models with binary and continuous outcomes. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of California, Los Angeles.
Zuckerman, M. (1999). Diathesis–stress models. In M. Zuckerman (Ed.), Vulnerability to psychopathology: A biosocial model (pp. 3–23). Washington: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
- The Perceived Stress Scale: Evaluating Configural, Metric and Scalar Invariance across Mental Health Status and Gender
Jennifer A. A. Lavoie
Kevin S. Douglas
- Springer US
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505