Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
To understand how youth desist from crime after their first arrest, it is necessary to investigate their primary support system: their parents. As such, this study examined the reciprocal effects of justice system contact on the mother–child dyad. Interviews with 317 mothers and their sons from Orange County, CA, Jefferson Parish, LA, and Philadelphia, PA were conducted semiannually over two and a half years. At the beginning of the study, the sons were first-time offenders aged 13–17 and mostly non-White (i.e., 19.2 White, 56.5 Latino, 21.5 Black, and 2.8% another race/ethnicity). The results revealed that a high quality initial mother–son relationship reduces youths’ re-offending over time. Furthermore, as mothers perceived that their sons were offending more, they reported less warmth in their relationships with their sons two and a half years later. Interestingly, youth’s age emerged as a moderator. First, older youth were less likely to engage in reoffending if they had a warm maternal relationship. Second, decreases in relationship warmth associated with re-offending were steeper for younger youth. The findings have implications for juvenile justice policy in terms of improving probationary outcomes for youth offenders, and alleviating the financial and emotional burden on justice system-involved families.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bush, K. R., & Peterson, G. W. (2013). Parent–child relations in diverse contexts. In G. W. Peterson, & K. R. Bush (Eds.), Handbook of marriage and the family (3rd ed., pp. 275–302). New York, NY: Springer. CrossRef
Collins, W. A., & Laursen, B. (2004). Parent–adolescent relationships and influences. In R. M. Lerner, & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (pp. 331–362). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Corrado, R. R., McCuish, E. C., Hart, S. D., & DeLisi, M. (2015). The role of psychopathic traits and developmental risk factors on offending trajectories from early adolescence to adulthood: A prospective study of incarcerated youth. Journal of Criminal Justice, 43, 357–368. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2015.04.007. CrossRef
Feierman, J., Goldstein, N., Haney-Caron, E., & Columbo, J. F. (2016). Debtor prison for kids? The high cost of fines and fees in the juvenile justice system. Juvenile Law Center. Retrieved from http://debtorsprison.jlc.org/documents/JLC-Debtors-Prison.pdf.
Guimond, F. A., Laursen, B., Vitaro, F., Brendgen, M., Dionne, G., & Boivin, M. (2016). Associations between mother–child relationship quality and adolescent adjustment: Using a genetically controlled design to determine the direction and magnitude of effects. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 40, 196–204. doi: 10.1177/0165025415620059. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Harkness, J. A., Van de Vijver, F. J., & Mohler, P. P. (2003). Cross-cultural survey methods. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Huizinga, D., Esbensen, F. A., & Weiher, A. W. (1991). Are there multiple paths to delinquency? Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 82, 83–118. CrossRef
Jennings, W. G., Loeber, R., Pardini, D., Piquero, A., & Farrington, D. P. (2016). Offending from childhood to young adulthood: Recent results from the Pittsburgh youth study. New York, NY: Springer. CrossRef
Jones, B. L., & Nagin, D. S. (2012). A Stata plugin for estimating group-based trajectory models. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Carnegie Mellon University.
Jones, B., Nagin, D., & Roeder, K. (2001). A SAS procedure based on mixture models for estimating developmental trajectories. Sociological Methods and Research, 29, 374–393. doi:10.1177/ 0049124101029003005. CrossRef
Kwon, J. A., & Wickrama, K. A. S. (2014). Linking family economic pressure and supportive parenting to adolescent health behaviors: Two developmental pathways leading to health promoting and health risk behaviors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43, 1176–1190. doi: 10.1007/s10964-013-0060-0. CrossRefPubMed
Laursen, B., & Collins, W. A. (2009). Parent–child relationships during adolescence. In R. M. Lerner, & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (pp. 3–32). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Loeber, R., & Farrington, D. P. (2014). Age-crime curve. In G. Bruinsma & D. Weisburd (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice (pp. 12–18). New York, NY: Springer.
Loeber, R., Hipwell, A. E., Pardini, D. P., Stepp, S. D., & Ahonen, L. (2015). Constancy and change in the prevalence and frequency of offending when based on longitudinal self reports or official records: Comparisons by gender, race, and crime type. Journal of Developmental and Life Course Criminology, 1, 150–168. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Loeber, R., Jennings, W. G., Ahonen, L., Piquero, A. R., & Farrington, D. P. (2017). Gender differences: Comparisons with males in the Pittsburgh youth study. In R. Loeber, W. G. Jennings, L. Ahonen, A. R. Piquero, & D. P. Farrington (Eds.), Female delinquency from childhood to young adulthood: Recent results from the Pittsburgh Girls Study (pp. 29–35). New York, NY: Springer.
Michelson, D., Ben-Zion, I., James, A. I., Draper, L., Penney, C., & Day, C. (2014). ‘Living with Teenagers’: Feasibility study of a peer-led parenting intervention for socially disadvantaged families with adolescent children. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 99, 731–737. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2013-304936. CrossRefPubMed
Mulford, C. F., Blachman-Demner, D. R., Pitzer, L., Schubert, C. A., Piquero, A. R., & Mulvey, E. P. (2016). Victim offender overlap: Dual trajectory examination of victimization and offending among young felony offenders over seven years. Victims & Offenders, 1–27. doi: 10.1080/15564886.2016.1196283
Murray, K. W., Dwyer, K. M., Rubin, K. H., Knighton-Wisor, S., & Booth-LaForce, C. (2014). Parent–child relationships, parental psychological control, and aggression: Maternal and paternal relationships. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43, 1361–1373. doi: 10.1007/s10964-013-0019-1. CrossRefPubMed
Nagin, D. S. (2016). Group-based trajectory modeling and criminal career research. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 53, 356–371. CrossRef
Nagin, D. S. (2005). Group-based modeling of development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. CrossRef
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (2015) OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Retrieved from http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/qa05101.asp?qaDate=2014
Pastorelli, C., Lansford, J. E., Luengo Kanacri, B. P., Malone, P. S., Di Giunta, L., Bacchini, D., Bombi, A. S., Zelli, A., Miranda, M. C., Bornstein, M. H., Tapanya, S., Tirado, L. M. U., Alampay, L. P., Al-Hassan, S. M., Chang, L., Deater-Deckard, K., Dodge, K. A., Oburu, P., Skinner, A. T., & Sorbring, E. (2015). Positive parenting and children’s prosocial behavior in eight countries. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 57, 824–834. doi: 10.1111/jcpp.12477. CrossRefPubMed
Perris, C., Arindell, W. A., & Eisemann, M. (1994). Parenting and psychopathology. New York, NY: Wiley.
Ray, J. V., Frick, P. J., Thornton, L. C., Wall Myers, T. D., Steinberg, L., & Cauffman, E. (2016). Callous–unemotional traits predict self-reported offending in adolescent boys: The mediating role of delinquent peers and the moderating role of parenting practices. Developmental Psychology, 53, 319–328. doi: 10.1037/dev0000210. CrossRefPubMed
Rozzell, L. (2013). The role of family engagement in creating trauma-informed juvenile justice systems. National Center for Child Traumatic Stress. Retrieved from http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/assets/pdfs/jj_trauma_brief_familyengagement_rozzelll_final.pdf.
Russell, M. A., & Odgers, C. L. (2016). Desistance and life-course persistence: Findings from longitudinal studies using group-based trajectory modeling of antisocial behavior. In K. Heilbrun, D. DeMatteo, E. S. & Goldstein Naomi (Eds.), APA handbook of psychology and juvenile justice (pp. 159–175). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. doi: 10.1037/14643-008 CrossRef
Smith, J. D., Knoble, N. B., Zerr, A. A., Dishion, T. J., & Stormshak, E. A. (2014). Family check-up effects across diverse ethnic groups: Reducing early-adolescence antisocial behavior by reducing family conflict. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 43, 400–414. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2014.888670. CrossRef
Stallman, H. M., & Ralph, A. (2007). Reducing risk factors for adolescent behavioural and emotional problems: A pilot randomised controlled trial of a self-administered parenting intervention. Australian e-Journal for the Advancement of Mental Health, 6, 125–137.
Stanton, B. F., Li, X., Galbraith, J., Cornick, G., Feigelman, S., Kaljee, L., & Zhou, Y. (2000). Parental underestimates of adolescent risk behavior: A randomized, controlled trial of a parental monitoring intervention. Journal of Adolescent Health, 26, 18–26. doi: 10.1016/S1054-139X(99)00022-1.
Steinberg, L. (1990). Interdependency in the family: Autonomy, conflict, and harmony in the parent–adolescent relationship. In S. S. Feldman, & G. R. Elliot (Eds.), At the threshold: The developing adolescent (pp. 255–276). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Steinberg, L., Blatt‐Eisengart, I., & Cauffman, E. (2006). Patterns of competence and adjustment among adolescents from authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful homes: A replication in a sample of serious juvenile offenders. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 16, 47–58. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2006.00119.x. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Walker, S. C., Bishop, A. S., Pullmann, M. D., & Bauer, G. (2015). A research framework for understanding the practical impact of family involvement in the juvenile justice system: The juvenile justice family involvement model. American Journal of Community Psychology, 56, 408–421. doi: 10.1007/s10464-015-9755-6. CrossRefPubMed
- The Longitudinal Association of Relationship Quality and Reoffending Among First-Time Juvenile Offenders and Their Mothers
- Springer US