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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 8/2019

01-05-2019 | Empirical Research

The Longitudinal Association between Perceived Powerlessness and Sexual Risk Behaviors among Urban Youth: Mediating and Moderating Effects

Auteurs: Sahnah Lim, Terrinieka W. Powell, Qian-Li Xue, Vivian L. Towe, Ralph B. Taylor, Jonathan M. Ellen, Susan G. Sherman

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 8/2019

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Abstract

A distal psychosocial factor, perceived powerlessness, has been found to predict various sexual risk behaviors among youth, yet no studies have assessed mediators or moderators in this relationship. Using a demographically diverse, longitudinal sample of urban youth (N = 257), this study assessed whether the need for sexual validation mediates the relationship between perceived powerlessness and sexual risk behaviors and to assess whether this mediated pathway is moderated by socioeconomic status and gender. The mean age of the participants was 21 years old (range: 15–24) and the majority of the sample identified as Black (65%) and female (62%). The results of structural equation modeling showed that the need for sexual validation mediated perceived powerlessness and condomless sex at last sex among Black youth. The need for sexual validation mediated perceived powerlessness and concurrent sexual partnerships among White youth and depended on levels of socioeconomic status. Sexual risk behavior interventions should provide youth with increased opportunities that encourage feelings of validation from other personal achievements in addition to sex while simultaneously addressing the structural conditions that drive young people to feel powerless.
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Longitudinal Association between Perceived Powerlessness and Sexual Risk Behaviors among Urban Youth: Mediating and Moderating Effects
Auteurs
Sahnah Lim
Terrinieka W. Powell
Qian-Li Xue
Vivian L. Towe
Ralph B. Taylor
Jonathan M. Ellen
Susan G. Sherman
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 8/2019
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-01027-w

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