Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This study of early adolescents from the general population examined the direction of effects adolescents’ depressive symptoms, aggression, and perceived parental rejection have on one another in a longitudinal study. Over a four-year period, data were collected yearly from 940 early adolescents (50.6% boys and 49.4% girls) who completed self-report questionnaires of depressive symptoms, aggressive behaviors, and perceived parental rejection. The longitudinal relationships of adolescent reported depressive symptoms, aggression, and perceived parental rejection were tested in multi-group structural equation models. The findings of this study demonstrate that adolescents’ depressive symptoms, aggression, and perceived parental rejection can be viewed as two unidirectional effects models that work in tandem: adolescents’ depressive symptoms longitudinally predicting perceived parental rejection and, in turn, perceived parental rejection longitudinally predicting adolescents’ aggression. Additionally, the strength of these effects diminished as the adolescents grew older and the effects were similar for both adolescent boys and girls.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). DSM-IV-TR: Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition, text revision. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.
Arbuckle, J. L., & Wothke, W. (2006). Amos 7 User’s Guide. Chicago: SmallWaters.
Baer, J. (2002). Is family cohesion a risk or protective factor during adolescent development? Journal of Marriage and the Family, 64, 668–675. CrossRef
Björkqvist, K., Lagerspetz, K. M. J., & Kaukiainen, A. (1992). Do girls manipulate and boys fight?: Developmental trends in regard to direct and indirect aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 18, 117–127. CrossRef
Branje, S. J. T., Hale, W. W., III, & Meeus, W. H. J. (2008). Reciprocal development of parent-adolescent support and adolescent problem behaviors. In M. Kerr, H. Stattin, & R. Engels (Eds.), What can parents do? New insights into the role of parents in adolescent problem behavior. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons.
Carroll, P., & Schute, R. (2005). School peer victimization of young people with craniofacial conditions: A comparative study. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 10, 291–304. CrossRef
Collins, W. A., & Laursen, B. (2004). Parent-adolescent relationships and influences. In R. Lerner, & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (pp. 331–361). New York: Wiley.
Conger, R. D., & Simons, R. L. (1997). Life-course contingencies in the development of adolescent antisocial behavior: A matching law approach. In T. P. Thornberry (Ed.), Advances in criminological theory (Vol. 7, pp. 55–99). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books.
Dekovic, M., ten Have, M., Vollebergh, W. A. M., Pels, T., Osterwegel, A., Wissink, I. B., et al. (2005). The cross-cultural equivalence of parental rearing measure: EMBU-C. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 22, 85–91. CrossRef
Garber, J., Robinson, N., & Valentiner, D. (1997). The relation between parenting and adolescent depression: Self-worth as a mediator. Journal of Adolescent Research, 12, 12–33. CrossRef
Gerlsma, C., & Hale, W. W. III (1997). Predictive power and construct validity of the Level of Expressed Emotion (LEE) scale: Depressed out-patients and couples from the general community. British Journal of Psychiatry, 170, 520–525. PubMed
Gesac, V., & Schwalbe, M. L. (1986). Parental behavior and adolescent self-esteem. Journal of Marriage and Family, 48, 37–46. CrossRef
Graves, K. N. (2007). Not always sugar and spice: Expanding theoretical and functional explanations for why females aggress. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 12, 131–140. CrossRef
Herman-Stahl, M., & Petersen, A. C. (1995). The protective role of coping and social resources for depressive symptoms among young adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 25, 733–753. CrossRef
Kashani, J. H., Jones, M. R., Bumby, K. M., & Thomas, L. A. (1999). Youth violence: Psychosocial risk factors, treatment, prevention, and recommendations. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 7, 200–210. CrossRef
Khaleque, A., & Rohner, R. P. (2002). Perceived parental acceptance rejection and psychological adjustment: A meta analysis of cross cultural and intracultural studies. Journal of Marriage and Family, 64, 54–64. CrossRef
Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.
Lagerspetz, K. M. J., Björkqvist, K., & Peltonen, T. (1988). Is indirect aggression typical of females? Gender differences in aggressiveness in 11–12 year old children. Aggressive Behavior, 14, 403–414. CrossRef
MacPhee, A. R., & Andrews, J. J. W. (2006). Risk factors for depression in early adolescence. Adolescence, 41, 435–466. PubMed
Marcus, R. F., & Betzer, P. D. S. (1996). Attachment and antisocial behavior in early adolescence. Journal of Early Adolescence, 16, 229–248. CrossRef
Newman, B. M., Newman, P. R., Griffen, S., O'Connor, K., & Spas, J. (2007). The relationship of social support to depressive symptoms during the transition to high school. Adolescence, 42, 441–459. PubMed
Owens, L. D. (1996). Sticks and stones and sugar and spice: girls’ and boys’ aggression in school. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 6, 45–55.
Robertson, J. F., & Simons, R. L. (1989). Family factors, self-esteem, and adolescent depression. Journal of Marriage and Family, 51, 125–138. CrossRef
Scaramella, L. V., Conger, R. D., & Simons, R. L. (1999). Parental protective influences and gender-specific increases in adolescent internalizing and externalizing problems. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 9, 111–141. CrossRef
Simons, R. L., Robertson, J. F., & Downs, W. R. (1989). The nature of the association between parental rejection and delinquent behavior. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 18, 297–310. CrossRef
Spoth, R., Neppl, T., Goldberg-Lillehoj, C., Jung, T., & Ramisetty-Mikler, S. (2006). Gender-related quality of parent-child interactions and early adolescent problem behaviors: Exploratory study with midwestern samples. Journal of Family Issues, 27, 826–849. CrossRef
Steinhausen, H. C., & Metzke, C. W. (2001). Risk, compensatory, vulnerability, and protective factors influencing mental health in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 30, 259–280. CrossRef
Timbremont, B., & Braet, C. (2002). Children’s depression inventory: Dutch language manual. Lisse, The Netherlands: Swets & Zeitlinger.
Yahav, R. (2006). The relationship between children’s and adolescents’ perceptions of parenting style and internal and external symptoms. Child: Care, Health and Development, 33, 460–471. CrossRef
- The Interplay of Early Adolescents’ Depressive Symptoms, Aggression and Perceived Parental Rejection: A Four-Year Community Study
William W. Hale III
- Springer US