Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Based on Self-Determination Theory, our study examined the associations of maternal perspective taking (PT), clear expectations (CE), and their interaction during mother–male adolescent conflict with sons’ externalizing and internalizing problems. Fifty-one mothers and their 16.5 year old sons were observed while conducting a revealed differences task. Maternal PT and CE during the interaction were assessed using new scales derived from the individuality and connectedness Q-sort. Sons’ externalizing and internalizing problems were measured using the Youth Self Report. We found that higher maternal PT was associated with fewer externalizing problems of sons only when mothers also showed high levels of CE. Thus, in situations involving parent–adolescent conflict, parents’ sensitivity to adolescent opposing perspective coupled with clear statements regarding the expected adolescent behavior may relate to better socio-emotional functioning of male adolescents.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the youth self-report and 1991 profile. Burlington: University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry.
Assor, A. (2011). Autonomous moral motivation: Consequences, socializing antecedents and the unique role of integrated moral principles. In M. Mikulincer & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), The social psychology of morality: Exploring the causes of good and evil (pp. 239–255). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Assor, A., & Shavit-Miller, A. (2012, March). Vulnerability to the experience of negative conditional parental regard in the academic domain: Gender differences and possible mechanisms. Paper presented at the Society for Research on Adolescence ( SRA), Vancouver, Canada.
Baumrind, D. (1991). The influence of parenting style on adolescent competence and substance abuse. Journal of Early Adolescence, 11, 56–95. CrossRef
Baumrind, D. (2005). Patterns of parental authority and adolescent autonomy. In J. Smetana (Ed.), New directions for child development: Changes in parental authority during adolescence (pp. 61–69). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Block, J. (1961). The Q-sort method in personality assessment and psychiatric research (No. 457). Springfield, IL: Thomas. CrossRef
Bugental, D. B., & Goodnow, J. J. (1998). Socialization processes. In N. Eisenberg & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology (5th ed., Vol. 3, pp. 389–462)., Social, emotional, and personality development Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2012). Motivation, personality, and development within embedded social contexts: An overview of self-determination theory. In R. M. Ryan (Ed.), Oxford handbook of human motivation (pp. 85–107). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ivanova, M. Y., Achenbach, T. M., Rescorla, L. A., Dumenci, L., Almqvist, F., Bilenberg, N., et al. (2007). The generalizability of the Youth Self-Report syndrome structure in 23 societies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75, 729–738. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.75.5.729. CrossRefPubMed
Kerr, M., Stattin, H., & Pakalniskiene, V. (2008). Parents react to adolescent problem behaviors by worrying more and monitoring less. In M. Kerr, H. Stattin, & R. C. M. E. Engels (Eds.), What can parents do? New insights into the role of parents in adolescent problem behaviors (pp. 91–112). London: Wiley.
Koestner, R., Ryan, R. M., Bernieri, F., & Holt, K. (1984). Setting limits on children’s behavior: The differential effects of controlling versus informational styles on intrinsic motivation and creativity. Journal of Personality, 52, 233–248. CrossRef
Laursen, B., & Collins, W. A. (2009). Parent–child relationships during adolescence. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (3rd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 3–42)., Contextual influences on adolescent development Hoboken: Wiley.
O’Connor, B. P. (1998). All-in-one programs for exploring interactions in moderated multiple regression. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 58, 833–837. doi: 10.1177/0013164498058005009.
Robin, A. L., & Foster, S. L. (1989). Negotiating parent–adolescent conflict: A behavioral-family system approach. NY: Guilford Press.
Roth, G., Assor, A., Niemiec, C. P., Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2009). The emotional and academic consequences of parental conditional regard: Comparing conditional positive regard, conditional negative regard, and autonomy support as parenting practices. Developmental Psychology, 45, 1119–1142. doi: 10.1037/a0015272. CrossRefPubMed
Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L., Grolnick, W. S., & La Guardia, J. G. (2006). The significance of autonomy and autonomy support in psychological development and psychopathology. In D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Theory and method (2nd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 795–849). New Jersey: Wiley.
Smits, I., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Luyckx, K., & Goossens, L. (2010). Why do adolescents gather information or stick to parental norms? Examining autonomous and controlled motives behind adolescents’ identity style. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39, 1343–1356. doi: 10.1007/s10964-009-9469-x. CrossRefPubMed
Soenens, B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2011). When is identity congruent with the self? A self-determination theory perspective. In S. J. Schwartz, K. Luyckx, & V. L. Vignoles (Eds.), Handbook of identity theory and research (pp. 381–402). New York: Springer. CrossRef
Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Lens, W., Luyckx, K., Beyers, W., Goossens, L., et al. (2007). Conceptualizing parental autonomy support: Adolescent perceptions of promoting independence versus promoting volitional functioning. Developmental Psychology, 43, 633–646. doi: 10.1037/0012-16220.127.116.113. CrossRefPubMed
Vansteenkiste, M., Sierens, E., Goossens, L., Soenens, B., Dochy, F., Mouratidis, A., et al. (2012). Identifying configurations of perceived teacher autonomy support and structure: Associations with self-regulated learning, motivation and problem behavior. Learning and Instruction, 22, 431–439. doi: 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2012.04.002. CrossRef
Waters, E., & Deane, K. E. (1985). Defining and assessing individual differences in attachment relationships: Q-methodology and the organization of behavior in infancy and early childhood. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 41–65.
- The Interplay Between Observed Maternal Perspective Taking and Clear Expectations: Links with Male Adolescents’ Externalizing and Internalizing Problems
- Springer US