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01-11-2013 | Original Paper

The Influences of Face Inversion and Facial Expression on Sensitivity to Eye Contact in High-Functioning Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Auteurs: Mark D. Vida, Daphne Maurer, Andrew J. Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Jennifer A. Walsh, Matthew V. Pachai, M. D. Rutherford

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 11/2013

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Abstract

We examined the influences of face inversion and facial expression on sensitivity to eye contact in high-functioning adults with and without an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Participants judged the direction of gaze of angry, fearful, and neutral faces. In the typical group only, the range of directions of gaze leading to the perception of eye contact (the cone of gaze) was narrower for upright than inverted faces. In both groups, the cone of gaze was wider for angry faces than for fearful or neutral faces. These results suggest that in high-functioning adults with ASD, the perception of eye contact is not tuned to be finer for upright than inverted faces, but that information is nevertheless integrated across expression and gaze direction.
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In the previous study using a similar method, each face was presented for 200 ms (Ewbank et al. 2009). We were concerned that some lower-functioning participants would find it too difficult to perform the task with such a short duration of presentation. We extended the exposure time to 500 ms to make the task easier.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Influences of Face Inversion and Facial Expression on Sensitivity to Eye Contact in High-Functioning Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Auteurs
Mark D. Vida
Daphne Maurer
Andrew J. Calder
Gillian Rhodes
Jennifer A. Walsh
Matthew V. Pachai
M. D. Rutherford
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 11/2013
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1802-2

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