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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 4/2018

30-01-2018 | Original Article

The Influence of Social Communication Impairments on Gaze in Adolescents with Social Anxiety Disorder

Auteurs: Nicole N. Capriola-Hall, Andrea Trubanova Wieckowski, Thomas H. Ollendick, Susan W. White

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 4/2018

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Abstract

Adolescents with social anxiety disorder (SAD) often present distorted beliefs related to expected social rejection, coupled with avoidance of social stimuli including interpersonal interactions and others’ gaze. Social communication (SC) deficits, often seen in SAD, may play a role in avoidance of social stimuli. The present study evaluated whether SC impairment uniquely contributes to diminished or heightened attention to social stimuli. Gaze patterns to social stimuli were examined in a sample of 41 adolescents with SAD (12–16 years of age; 68% female). Unexpectedly, no significant relationship was observed between SC impairment and fixation duration to angry or neutral faces. However, SC impairment did predict greater fixation duration to happy faces, after controlling for social anxiety severity [adjusted R 2  = 0.201, F(2, 38) = 4.536, p = 0.018]. Clinical implications are discussed, focusing on the potential utility of targeting SC impairments directly in light of the role of SC difficulties in youth with SAD.
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Influence of Social Communication Impairments on Gaze in Adolescents with Social Anxiety Disorder
Auteurs
Nicole N. Capriola-Hall
Andrea Trubanova Wieckowski
Thomas H. Ollendick
Susan W. White
Publicatiedatum
30-01-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 4/2018
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-018-0782-z

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