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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 9/2020

01-11-2019 | Original Paper

The Infant Simulator Paradigm with Non-Parents: Attitudes, Physiology, and Observed Caregiving

Auteurs: Megan M. Pruitt, Erin R. McKay, Gabriela Lelakowska, Naomi V. Ekas

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 9/2020

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Abstract

Objectives

This study aimed to identify factors, namely adult attachment and childhood parenting experiences, to investigate individual differences in parenting behavior using an infant simulator paradigm.

Methods

One hundred and eighteen college-aged females completed questionnaires about adult attachment, how their parents responded to negative emotions, and attitudes about infant crying. Participants then interacted with a distressed infant simulator, while their behavior with the simulator and physiology were recorded.

Results

Attachment avoidance was associated with less infant-oriented beliefs and more parent-oriented beliefs about infant crying. Adult attachment avoidance was also associated with greater physiological reactivity during the task, more physiological regulation, and increased caregiving behaviors. Attachment anxiety was related to a decrease in heart rate during the task. Remembered nonsupportive parental reactions were associated with more parent-oriented beliefs about infant crying as well as more caregiving during the task. However, caregiving quality was not related to any variables of interest in the study.

Conclusions

Implications addressing potential intervention programs using the infant simulator and targeting at-risk populations to understand individual differences in parenting are discussed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Infant Simulator Paradigm with Non-Parents: Attitudes, Physiology, and Observed Caregiving
Auteurs
Megan M. Pruitt
Erin R. McKay
Gabriela Lelakowska
Naomi V. Ekas
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 9/2020
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01643-x