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16-04-2019 | Original Paper

The Importance of Temperament for Understanding Early Manifestations of Autism Spectrum Disorder in High-Risk Infants

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Auteurs:
Sarah J. Paterson, Jason J. Wolff, Jed T. Elison, Breanna Winder-Patel, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Annette Estes, Juhi Pandey, Robert T. Schultz, Kelly Botteron, Stephen R. Dager, Heather C. Hazlett, Joseph Piven, the IBIS Network
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10803-019-04003-2) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
The members of the IBIS Network group are listed in the acknowledgements.

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Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

The present study investigated the relationship between infant temperament characteristics and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk status. Temperament was examined at 6, 12, and 24 months in 282 infants at high familial risk for ASD and 114 low-risk controls using the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised and Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire. Infants were divided into three groups at 24 months: High-Risk Positive—classified as ASD (HR Pos), High-Risk Negative (HR Neg), and Low-Risk Negative (LR Neg). At 6 and 12 months HR Pos infants exhibited lower Surgency and Regulatory Capacity than LR Neg infants. By 12 months they also demonstrated increased Negative Affect. Group differences remained, when early signs of ASD were controlled for, suggesting that temperament differences could be useful targets for understanding the development of ASD.

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Extra materiaal
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 34 kb)
10803_2019_4003_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 16 kb)
10803_2019_4003_MOESM2_ESM.docx
Supplementary material 3 (DOC 99 kb)
10803_2019_4003_MOESM3_ESM.doc
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