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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 7/2019

16-04-2019 | Original Paper

The Importance of Temperament for Understanding Early Manifestations of Autism Spectrum Disorder in High-Risk Infants

Auteurs: Sarah J. Paterson, Jason J. Wolff, Jed T. Elison, Breanna Winder-Patel, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Annette Estes, Juhi Pandey, Robert T. Schultz, Kelly Botteron, Stephen R. Dager, Heather C. Hazlett, Joseph Piven, the IBIS Network

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 7/2019

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Abstract

The present study investigated the relationship between infant temperament characteristics and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk status. Temperament was examined at 6, 12, and 24 months in 282 infants at high familial risk for ASD and 114 low-risk controls using the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised and Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire. Infants were divided into three groups at 24 months: High-Risk Positive—classified as ASD (HR Pos), High-Risk Negative (HR Neg), and Low-Risk Negative (LR Neg). At 6 and 12 months HR Pos infants exhibited lower Surgency and Regulatory Capacity than LR Neg infants. By 12 months they also demonstrated increased Negative Affect. Group differences remained, when early signs of ASD were controlled for, suggesting that temperament differences could be useful targets for understanding the development of ASD.
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Importance of Temperament for Understanding Early Manifestations of Autism Spectrum Disorder in High-Risk Infants
Auteurs
Sarah J. Paterson
Jason J. Wolff
Jed T. Elison
Breanna Winder-Patel
Lonnie Zwaigenbaum
Annette Estes
Juhi Pandey
Robert T. Schultz
Kelly Botteron
Stephen R. Dager
Heather C. Hazlett
Joseph Piven
the IBIS Network
Publicatiedatum
16-04-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 7/2019
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04003-2

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