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05-06-2024

The Impact of Stimulant Medication on the Relation Between Working Memory and Activity Level in ADHD

Auteurs: Emily Wiegers, Annie Garner, Morgan Jusko, Jessica N. Smith, Mileini Campez, Andrew Greiner, Elizabeth Gnagy, William E. Pelham, Joseph Raiker Jr

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology

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Abstract

There is a positive association between heightened activity levels and improved working memory performance (WM) in individuals with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Recent research suggests that stimulant medications may have a simultaneous positive impact on WM and motor skills. Yet, it is unclear the specific connection between movement, WM, and stimulant use. We examined how visuospatial (VS) and phonological (PH) WM performance varied with children's stimulant medication usage and naturally occurring activity level. In a repeated measures design, children with ADHD (n = 43; 7–12 years old) completed WM tasks while wearing actigraphy watches to monitor activity level on and off stimulant medication. Significant large sized main effects were observed for medication condition on PH (p < .05, ηp2 = .14) and VS (p < .001, ηp2 = .30) WM. Activity level also had significant medium sized main effects on PH (p < .01, ηp2 = .09) and VS (p < .005, ηp2 = .10) WM. There was a significant medium sized interaction for VS WM (p < .005, ηp2 = .11), indicating that the effect of medication on performance was greatest in the highest activity level category. The findings suggest that a combination of stimulant medication and an "optimal" level of movement may be most effective for improving VS WM.
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Impact of Stimulant Medication on the Relation Between Working Memory and Activity Level in ADHD
Auteurs
Emily Wiegers
Annie Garner
Morgan Jusko
Jessica N. Smith
Mileini Campez
Andrew Greiner
Elizabeth Gnagy
William E. Pelham
Joseph Raiker Jr
Publicatiedatum
05-06-2024
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-024-01210-z