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01-10-2012 | Brief Communication | Uitgave 8/2012 Open Access

Quality of Life Research 8/2012

The impact of low vision on activities of daily living, symptoms of depression, feelings of anxiety and social support in community-living older adults seeking vision rehabilitation services

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 8/2012
Auteurs:
Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen, Judith Ballemans, Adelita V. Ranchor, Ger H. M. B. van Rens, G. A. Rixt Zijlstra
Belangrijke opmerkingen
An erratum to this article can be found at http://​dx.​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11136-011-0103-5.

Abstract

Purpose

Previous studies showed that older persons with vision loss generally reported low levels of health-related quality of life, although study outcomes with respect to feelings of anxiety and social support were inconsistent. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of low vision on health-related quality of life, including feelings of anxiety and social support, among community-living older adults seeking vision rehabilitation services.

Methods

Differences of activities of daily living (Groningen Activity Restriction Scale—GARS), symptoms of depression and feelings of anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scales—HADS) and social support (Social Support Scale Interactions—SSL12-I) between 148 older persons ≥57 years with low vision and a reference population (N = 4,792) including eight patient groups with different chronic conditions were tested with Student’s t tests.

Results

Older persons with vision loss reported poorer levels of functioning with respect to activities of daily living, symptoms of depression and feelings of anxiety as compared to the general older population as well as compared to older patients with different chronic conditions. In contrast, older persons with vision loss reported higher levels of social support.

Conclusions

Vision loss has a substantial impact on activities of daily living, symptoms of depression and feelings of anxiety. Professionals working at vision rehabilitation services may improve their quality of care as they take such information into account in their intervention work.

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