Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Greater empirical attention directed toward gender-sensitive assessment strategies that concentrate on family-specific factors is thought to be both timely and necessary, especially with regard to outcome variables associated with mental health and substance abuse in at-risk adolescent populations. A sample of 2,646 court-involved adolescents was used to test two competing models regarding relationships among disruptive family processes, mental health (as both internalizing and externalizing problems), and substance abuse issues according to gender. The results of multiple group structural equation modeling procedures indicated that disrupted family processes were significantly associated with higher levels of internalizing problems, externalizing problems, and substance abuse in both male and female youth. For females, however, disrupted family processes were more related to internalizing problems and substance abuse than externalizing problems. Further, the relationship between disrupted family processes and substance abuse was not mediated by mental health issues, indicating a lack of support for the alternative model tested in this study. Together, the findings underscore the primacy of the family’s impact on issues related to adolescent development and well-being in tandem with the need for a more gender sensitive approach to the needs of court-involved males and females.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Barbor, T. F., Webb, C., Burleson, J. A., & Kaminer, Y. (2002). Subtypes for classifying adolescents with marijuana use disorders: Construct validity and clinical implications. Addiction (Abingdon, England), 97, 58–69. doi: 10.1046/j.1360-0443.97.s1.1.x.
Beauvais, F., Chavez, E. L., Oetting, E. R., Deffenbacher, J. L., & Cornell, G. R. (1996). Drug use, violence, and victimization among White American, Mexican American, and American Indian dropouts, students with academic problems, and students in good academic standing. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 43(3), 292–299. doi: 10.1037/0022-018.104.22.1682. CrossRef
Belknap, J. (2001). The invisible woman: Gender, crime, and justice. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Boys, A., Farrell, M., Taylor, C., Marsden, J., Goodman, R., Brugha, T., et al. (2003). Psychiatric morbidity and substance use in young people aged 13–15 years: Results from the child and adolescent survey of mental health. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 182(6), 509–517. doi: 10.1192/bjp.182.6.509. PubMedCrossRef
Broderick, C. G. (1993). Understanding family process: Basics of family systems theory. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1989). Ecological systems theory. In R. Vasta (Ed.). Annals of child development (Vol. 6, pp. 187–249). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Brook, J. S., Brook, D. W., Gordon, A. S., Whiteman, M., & Cohen, P. (1990). The psychosocial etiology of adolescent drug use: A family interactional approach. Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs, 116(2), 111–267.
Center for Mental Health Services. (1998). Mental, emotional, and behavior disorders in children and adolescents. Retrieved February 21, 2005 from http://www.mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/publications/allpubs/CA-0004/default.asp.
Chesney-Lind, M., & Shelden, R. G. (1998). Girls, delinquency, and juvenile justice. Belmont, CA: West/Wadsworth.
Dakof, G. A. (2000). Understanding gender differences in adolescent drug abuse: Issues of comorbidity and family functioning. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 32(1), 25–32. PubMed
Duncan, T. E., Tildesley, E., Duncan, S. C., & Hops, H. (1995). The consistency of family and peer influences on the development of substance use in adolescence. Addiction (Abingdon, England), 90, 1647–1660. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.1995.tb02835.x.
Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2003). Crime in the United States 2002: Uniform crime reports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Federle, K. (2000). The institutionalization of female delinquency. Buffalo Law Review, 48, 881–895.
Garbarino, J. (1999). Lost boys: Why our sons turn violent and how we can save them. New York, NY: The Free Press.
Gavazzi, S. M., & Schock, A. M. (2000). Mental illness and families. In P. C. McKenry & S. J. Price (Eds.), Families and change (2nd ed., pp. 229–249). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
Gavazzi, S. M., Slade, D., Buettner, C. K., Partridge, C., Yarcheck, C. M., & Andrews, D. W. (2003b). Toward conceptual development and empirical measurement of global risk indicators in the lives of court-involved youth. Psychological Reports, 92, 599–615. doi: 10.2466/PR0.92.2.599-615. PubMedCrossRef
Gavazzi, S. M., Yarcheck, C. M., & Lim, J. Y. (2005). Ethnicity, gender, and global risk indicators in the lives of status offenders coming to the attention of the juvenile court. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 49, 696–710. doi: 10.1177/0306624X05276467. PubMedCrossRef
Guo, J., Hawkins, D., Hill, K., & Abbott, R. (2001). Childhood and adolescent predictors of alcohol use and problem behavior late in adolescence. Preventive Medicine, 25, 293–300.
Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1995). Evaluating model fit. In R. H. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications (pp. 76–99). Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Hundleby, J., & Mercer, G. (1987). Family and friends as social environment and their relationship to young adolescents’ use of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44, 125–134.
Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (1993). LISREL 8: User’s reference guide. Chicago: Scientific Software.
Lansford, J. E., Malone, P. S., Stevens, K. I., Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E., & Pettit, G. S. (2006). Developmental trajectories of externalizing and internalizing behaviors: Factors underlying resilience in physically abused children. Development and Psychopathology, 18, 35–55. doi: 10.1017/S0954579406060032. PubMedCrossRef
Laub, J. H. (2002). A century of delinquency research and delinquency theory. In M. K. Rosenbaum, F. E. Zimring, D. S. Tanenhaus, & B. Dohrn (Eds.), A century of juvenile justice (pp. 179–205). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
LeBlanc, M. (1992). Family dynamics, adolescent delinquency, and adult criminality. Psychiatry, 55, 301–324.
Lewinsohn, P. M., Hops, H., Roberts, R. E., Seeley, J. R., & Andrews, J. A. (1993). Adolescent psychopathology: I. Prevalence and incidence of depression and other DSM-III-R disorders in high school students. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102(1), 133–144. doi: 10.1037/0021-843X.102.1.133. PubMedCrossRef
Mulford, C. F., Reppucci, N. D., Mulvey, E. P., Woolard, J. L., & Portwood, S. L. (2004). Legal issues affecting mentally disordered and developmentally delayed youth in the justice system. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 3(1), 3–22.
National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Summary of 1999 Findings. (2000). Substance abuse and mental health services administration. Rockville, MD: National Clearinghouse forAlcohol and Drug Information.
Norem-Hebeisen, A., Johnson, D. W., Anderson, D., & Johnson, R. (1984). Predictors and concomitants of changes in drug use patterns among teenagers. The Journal of Social Psychology, 124, 43–50. PubMed
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (1998). Juvenile female offenders: A status of the states report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.
Patterson, G. R., Reid, J. B., & Dishion, T. J. (1992). Antisocial boys. Eugene, OR: Castalia Press.
Poe-Yamagata, E., & Butts, J. (1996). Female offenders in the juvenile justice system. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.
Rhodes, J., & Fischer, K. (1993). Spanning the Gender gap: Gender differences in delinquency among inner-city adolescents. Adolescence, 28, 879–889. PubMed
Tolan, P. H., & Gorman-Smith, D. (1997). Families and development of urban children. In H. J. Walburg, O. Reyes, & R. P. Weissberg (Eds.), Urban children and youth: Inter-disciplinary perspective on policies and programs (Vol. 1). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Travis, J. (1999). Adolescent girls: The role of depression in the development of delinquency. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice.
- The Impact of Gender and Family Processes on Mental Health and Substance Use Issues in a Sample of Court-Involved Female and Male Adolescents
Stephen M. Gavazzi
Courtney M. Yarcheck
Jennifer M. Bostic
Scott D. Scheer
- Springer US