Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Identifying children with symptoms of anxiety before they develop clinical disorders is important. The objective of our study was to examine the latent factor structure of the MASC (youth report version) in a large self-selected sample of school children in 4th to 6th grade, and examine if the measure had a comparable factor structure for gender and age. Gender and age differences in anxiety symptoms were also examined. Children (N = 1686, 53.8% female) were recruited from schools during pretest of an ongoing randomized, controlled, indicative intervention. Latent variable modelling was used to determine the underlying concepts of the MASC. We found good model fit for the four-factor model, however some items on the Harm/Avoidance scale had low factor loadings. Invariance analysis indicated that the MASC had similar factor structure (comparable meaning) for boys and girls and for younger and older children in this sample. Girls scored significantly higher than boys on all subscales and on the Total Anxiety scale. Age differences were only found on the Separation Anxiety scale. Overall, the original four-factor structure of the MASC was confirmed within a large sample of school children and was invariant across gender and age. However, the Harm/avoidance scale warrants some attention. The MASC is a potentially useful measure to be used for screening purposes in a school setting.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Baldwin, J. S., & Dadds, M. R. (2007). Reliability and validity of parent and child versions of the multidimensional anxiety scale for children in community samples. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 252–260. doi: 10.1097/01.chi.0000246065.93200.a1. CrossRefPubMed
Bentler, P. M. (1995). EQS structural equations program manual. Encino, CA: Multivariate Software.
Brown, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen, & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural equation models (pp. 136–162). Newberry Park, CA: Sage.
Brown, T. A. (2006). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research. New York, NY: Guildford Press.
Cohen, P., Cohen, J., Kasen, S., Velez, C. N., Hartmark, C., Johnson, J., et al. (1993). An epidemiological study of disorders in late childhood and adolescence: I. Age- and gender-specific prevalence. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 34, 851–867. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.1993.tb01094.x. CrossRefPubMed
Dierker, L. C., Albano, A. M., Clarke, G. N., Heimberg, R. G., Kendall, P. C., Merikangas, K. R., et al. (2001). Screening for anxiety and depression in early adolescence. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(8), 929–936. doi: 10.1097/00004583-200108000-00015. CrossRefPubMed
Fincham, D., Schickerling, J., Temane, M., Nel, D., De Roover, W., & Seedat, S. (2008). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children among adolescents in the cape town metropole of South Africa. Depression and Anxiety, 25(11), E147–E153. doi: 10.1002/da.20406. CrossRefPubMed
George, D., & Mallery, P. (2003). SPSS for Windows step by step : a simple guide and reference, 11.0 update. 4th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Heiervang, E., Stormark, K. M., Lundervold, A. J., Heimann, M., Goodman, R., Posserud, M.-B., et al. (2007). Psychiatric disorders in Norwegian 8- to 10-year-olds: An epidemiological survey of prevalence, risk factors, and service use. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46(4), 438–447. doi: 10.1097/chi.0b013e31803062bf. CrossRefPubMed
Hornik. (2016). The R FAQ. https://cran.r-project.org/doc/FAQ/R-FAQ.html.
Keller, M. B., Lavori, P. W., Wunder, J., Beardslee, W. R., Schwartz, C. E., & Roth, J. (1992). Chronic course of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 31(4), 595–599. doi: 10.1097/00004583-199207000-00003. CrossRefPubMed
Kenny, D. A. (2015). Measuring Model Fit. http://davidakenny.net/cm/fit.htm.
March, J. S. (1997). MASC—multidimensional anxiety scale for children—technical manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
March, J. S., & Albano, A. M. (1996). Assessment of anxiety in children and adolescents. American Psychiatric Press Review of Psychiatry, 15, 405–427.
March, J. S., Parker, J. D., Sullivan, K., Stallings, P., & Conners, C. (1997). The Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC): Factor structure, reliability, and validity. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(4), 554–565. doi: 10.1097/00004583-199704000-00019. CrossRefPubMed
McDonald, R. P. (1999). Test theory: A unified treatment. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers. US.
MHS Assessments. (1997). Multidimensional anxiety scale for children (MASC2). http://www.mhs.com/product.aspx?gr=cli&prod=masc2&id=overview.
Muris, P., Merckelbach, H., Ollendick, T., King, N., & Bogie, N. (2002). Three traditional and three new childhood anxiety questionnaires: Their reliability and validity in a normal adolescent sample. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40(7), 753–772. doi: 10.1016/S0005-7967(01)00056-0. CrossRefPubMed
Muthen, L. K., & Muthen, B. (2012). Mplus: Statistical analysis with latent variables: User’s guide. Los Angeles, CA: Muthen & Muthen.
Osman, A., Williams, J. E., Espenschade, K., Gutierrez, P. M., Bailey, J. R., & Chowdhry, O. (2009). Further evidence of the reliability and validity of the multidimensional anxiety: Scale for Children (MASC) in psychiatric inpatient samples. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 31(3), 202–214. doi: 10.1007/s10862-008-9095-z. CrossRef
Steiger, J. H., & Lind, J. C. (1980). Statistically-based tests for the number of common factors: Paper presented at the Annual Spring Meeting of the Psychometric Society. http://www.statpower.net/Steiger%20Biblio/Steiger-Lind%201980.pdf.
Swan, A., & Kendall, P. C. (2017). Fear and missing out: Youth anxiety and functional outcomes. Clinical Psychology. in press
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics. 5th ed Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon/Pearson Education.
Wood, J. J., Piacentini, J. C., Bergman, R., McCracken, J., & Barrios, V. (2002). Concurrent validity of the anxiety disorders section of the anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: child and parent versions. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31(3), 335–342. doi: 10.1207/153744202760082595. CrossRefPubMed
Yao, S., Zou, T., Zhu, X., Abela, J. R. Z., Auerbach, R. P., & Tong, X. (2007). Reliability and validity of the chinese version of the multidimensional anxiety scale for children among chinese secondary school students. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 38(1), 1–16. doi: 10.1007/s10578-006-0039-0. CrossRefPubMed
- The Factor Structure of MASC Youth Report in Norwegian School Children
Kristin Dagmar Martinsen
Lene Mari P. Rasmussen
Philip C. Kendall
- Springer US