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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2019

02-02-2019 | Original Paper

The Experiences of College Students on the Autism Spectrum: A Comparison to Their Neurotypical Peers

Auteurs: Jane D. McLeod, Emily Meanwell, Amelia Hawbaker

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 6/2019

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Abstract

This study describes the academic, social, and health experiences of college students on the autism spectrum as they compare to students with other disabilities and their non-disabled, neurotypical peers. Data were from an online survey of college students at 14 public institutions (N = 3073). There were few significant differences between students on the spectrum and students with other disabilities. Both groups of students reported significantly worse outcomes than neurotypical students on academic performance, social relationships and bullying, and physical and mental health. The findings suggest that some of the challenges students on the spectrum face in college result from the stigma and social rejection associated with disability rather than from the unique characteristics of autism.

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Voetnoten
1
This number counts regional campuses as separate institutions.
 
2
The question we used in our survey comes from the Wabash National Study of Liberal Arts Education Student Experiences Survey (Blaich and Wise 2011) and is intended as a rough indicator of binge drinking behavior. However, it does not map onto the definition of binge drinking perfectly. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (n.d.) defines binge drinking as “a pattern of drinking that brings blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels to 0.08 g/dL” and notes that “(t)his typically occurs after 4 drinks for women and 5 drinks for men—in about 2 h.” The annual National Survey on Drug Use and Health defines binge drinking as “5 or more alcoholic drinks for males or 4 or more alcoholic drinks for females on the same occasion…on at least 1 day in the past month.” The question in our survey did not specify a time interval for the drinking (2 h) or differentiate number of drinks by sex. To avoid confusion, we named this variable “heavy drinking.”
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Experiences of College Students on the Autism Spectrum: A Comparison to Their Neurotypical Peers
Auteurs
Jane D. McLeod
Emily Meanwell
Amelia Hawbaker
Publicatiedatum
02-02-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 6/2019
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-03910-8