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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 4/2015

01-08-2015 | ORIGINAL PAPER

The Estonian Mindful Attention Awareness Scale: Assessing Mindfulness Without a Distinct Linguistic Present Tense

Auteurs: Riin Seema, Jordan T. Quaglia, Kirk Warren Brown, Anna Sircova, Kenn Konstabel, Arno Baltin

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 4/2015

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Abstract

The paucity of mindfulness-based interventions and research in Estonia motivated the development of an Estonian Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS). Unlike most languages, the Estonian language lacks a distinctive present tense. This provides a potential challenge for assessing mindfulness, a psychological construct characterized by present-moment awareness. We outline the process of overcoming linguistic differences during translation. The Estonian MAAS showed a single-factor structure and strong internal consistency. A cross-cultural comparison showed factorial invariance between the Estonian and the original scale. In an Estonian adult student sample, MAAS scores were invariant across genders and education levels, positively related to subjective well-being and self-esteem and inversely related to public self-consciousness and social anxiety. Item response theory analyses (IRT) revealed seven items of the Estonian version carrying most of the information load. We discuss how translating the MAAS into a unique linguistic context could inform an understanding of mindfulness itself.
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Estonian Mindful Attention Awareness Scale: Assessing Mindfulness Without a Distinct Linguistic Present Tense
Auteurs
Riin Seema
Jordan T. Quaglia
Kirk Warren Brown
Anna Sircova
Kenn Konstabel
Arno Baltin
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 4/2015
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-014-0314-2

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