Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
A core tenet of the original conflict-monitoring model is that regulation is triggered automatically when conflict is present and that the same regulation mechanism explains both trial-to-trial adaptation effects as well as effects of block-wise conflict manipulations. We present here results from two experiments using the Stroop task that show (a) that adaptation effects in the absence of response repetitions may occur only at the beginning of testing and that (b) robust block-wise effects can be found even in the absence of trial-by-trial effects. Furthermore, we show that the failure to eliminate target-to-distractor repetitions can produce artificial trial-to-trial adaptation effects. Based on the evidence of a weak link between conflict and conflict adaptation, we argue that a wider range of possible reasons for conflict adaptation effects needs to be taken into consideration.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Awh, E., Sgarlata, A. M., & Kliestik, J. (2005). Resolving visual interference during covert spatial orienting: online attentional control through static records of prior visual experience. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General,134(2), 192–206. CrossRef
Bryck, R.L., & Mayr, U. (in press). Task selection cost asymmetry without task switching. Psychological Bulletin and Review.
Fernandez-Duque, D., & Knight, M. B. (2007). Cognitive control: Dynamic, sustained, and voluntary influences. Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance.
Gratton, G., Coles, M. G. H., & Donchin, E. (1992). Optimizing the use of information: Strategic control of activation of responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General,121, 480–506. CrossRef
Jacoby, L. L., Lindsay, D. S., & Hessels, S. (2003). Item-specific control of automatic processes: Stroop process dissociations. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 10, 638–644.
Kenny, D. A. (1975). Cross-lagged panel correlation: A test for spuriousness. Psychological Bulletin,82, 887–903. CrossRef
Kunde, W. (2003). Sequential modulations of stimulus-response correspondence effects depend on awareness of response conflict. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review,10, 198–205. PubMed
Logan, G. D. (1988). Toward an instance theory of automatization. Psychological Review,95, 492–527. CrossRef
Mayr, U. (2004). Consciousness and control. Trends in Cognitive Science, 8, 145–148. CrossRef
Mayr, U. (2007). Conflict and Control. Presentation at the Workshop “Conclicts as Signals” in Binz, Germany, October 2007.
Mayr, U., & Bryck, R. L. (2006). Outsourcing control to the environment: effects of stimulus/response locations on task selection. Psychological Research,71, 107–116. CrossRef
Mayr, U., Awh, E., & Laurey, P. (2003). Conflict adaptation effects in the absence of executive control. Nature Neuroscience,6, 450–452. PubMed
Nieuwenhuis, S., Stins, J. F., Posthuma, D., Polderman, T. J. C., Boomsma, D. I., & De Geus, E. J. (2006). Accounting for sequential trial effects in the flanker task: Conflict adaptation or associative priming? Memory & Cognition,34, 1260–1272.
Shiffrin, R. M., & Schneider, W. (1977). Controlled and automatic human information processing: II. Perceptual learning, automatic attending, and a general theory. Psychological Review,84, 127–190. CrossRef
Tzelgov, J., Henik, A., & Berger, J. (1992). Controlling Stroop effects by manipulating expectations for color words. Memory & Cognition,20, 727–735.
Ullsperger, M., Bylsma, L. M., & Botvinick, M. (2005). The conflict-adaptation effect: It’s not just priming. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience,5, 467–472. CrossRef
Verbruggen, F., Notebaert, W., Liefooghe, B., & Vandierendonck, A. (2006). Stimulus and response conflict-induced cognitive control in the flanker task. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review,13, 328–333.
- The elusive link between conflict and conflict adaptation