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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 6/2018

11-05-2018 | ORIGINAL PAPER

The Efficacy of Cognitively-Based Compassion Training for African American Suicide Attempters

Auteurs: Devon LoParo, Sallie A. Mack, Bobbi Patterson, Lobsang Tenzin Negi, Nadine J. Kaslow

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 6/2018

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Abstract

This study is a pilot Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) that compares the effectiveness of a Cognitively-Based Compassion Training (CBCT) group treatment to a support group in reducing depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation and increasing self-compassion and mindfulness in low-income African Americans who had attempted suicide (n = 82). After completing several measures, including the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS), Beck Depression Inventory—II (BDI-II), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), and Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), participants were assigned randomly to attend either a 6-session CBCT group or a 6-session support group. Although following intervention participants randomized to both groups had comparable reductions in levels of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation and no significant changes in their levels of mindfulness, improvements in levels of self-compassion were found only for those receiving the CBCT intervention. In addition, for individuals in the CBCT group but not in the support group, the degree of improvement in self-compassion predicted the level of reduction in depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation and the degree of improvement in mindfulness predicted the level of reduction in depressive symptoms. Taken together, the results indicate that CBCT is potentially valuable for this population and its emphasis on self-compassion and mindfulness is associated with improved psychological functioning.
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Efficacy of Cognitively-Based Compassion Training for African American Suicide Attempters
Auteurs
Devon LoParo
Sallie A. Mack
Bobbi Patterson
Lobsang Tenzin Negi
Nadine J. Kaslow
Publicatiedatum
11-05-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 6/2018
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-018-0940-1