Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 4/2021

01-01-2021 | Original Article

The Effects of Stoic Training and Adaptive Working Memory Training on Emotional Vulnerability in High Worriers

Auteurs: Alexander MacLellan, Nazanin Derakshan

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 4/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Background

Previous research has indicated a causal relationship between attentional control and anxiety with literature finding that attentional control training combined with mindfulness meditation may lead to cognitive improvements in high worriers. The current study investigates whether the practical application of Stoicism, a philosophy originating from the Hellenistic period, will provide similar self-report and cognitive improvement in a sample of high worriers.

Methods

45 high worriers were randomly allocated into one of three training groups: an active control 1-back, a combined adaptive dual n-back and Stoic training and a Stoic training only group. Participants were tested on anxiety and rumination as well as measures of attentional control and a nascent scale to measure Stoic ideation, pre- and post- an 8-session training period.

Results

Results found significant effects of Stoic training on rumination and self-efficacy. Text analyses of the Stoic training found reduced frequencies of anxious and negatively valenced words questions related to self-assessments and planning.

Conclusions

The study provides a positive foundation for the further research and development of Stoic training. The wider implications of these results are discussed.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Collins, N., & Corna, L. (2018). General practitioner referral of older patients to Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT): An exploratory qualitative study. BJPsych bulletin, 42(3), 115–118. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Collins, N., & Corna, L. (2018). General practitioner referral of older patients to Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT): An exploratory qualitative study. BJPsych bulletin, 42(3), 115–118. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Tov, W., Kim-Prieto, C., Choi, D., Oishi, S., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2009). New measures of well-being: Flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social Indicators Research, 39, 247–266. CrossRef Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Tov, W., Kim-Prieto, C., Choi, D., Oishi, S., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2009). New measures of well-being: Flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social Indicators Research, 39, 247–266. CrossRef
go back to reference Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Buchner, A., & Lang, A.-G. (2009). Statistical power analyses using G*Power 3.1: Tests for correlation and regression analyses. Behavior Research Methods, 41, 1149–1160. CrossRefPubMed Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Buchner, A., & Lang, A.-G. (2009). Statistical power analyses using G*Power 3.1: Tests for correlation and regression analyses. Behavior Research Methods, 41, 1149–1160. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Koster, E. H., Hoorelbeke, K., Onraedt, T., Owens, M., & Derakshan, N. (2017). Cognitive control interventions for depression: A systematic review of findings from training studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 53, 79–92. CrossRefPubMed Koster, E. H., Hoorelbeke, K., Onraedt, T., Owens, M., & Derakshan, N. (2017). Cognitive control interventions for depression: A systematic review of findings from training studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 53, 79–92. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Price, M., & Anderson, P. L. (2011). The impact of cognitive behavioral therapy on post event processing among those with social anxiety disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 49(2), 132–137. CrossRefPubMed Price, M., & Anderson, P. L. (2011). The impact of cognitive behavioral therapy on post event processing among those with social anxiety disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 49(2), 132–137. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1995). Generalized self-efficacy scale. Measures in health psychology: A user’s portfolio. Causal and Control Beliefs, 1(1), 35–37. Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1995). Generalized self-efficacy scale. Measures in health psychology: A user’s portfolio. Causal and Control Beliefs, 1(1), 35–37.
go back to reference Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., Lushene, R., Vagg, P. R., & Jacobs, G. A. (1983). Manual for the state-trait anxiety inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press. Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., Lushene, R., Vagg, P. R., & Jacobs, G. A. (1983). Manual for the state-trait anxiety inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.
go back to reference Wells, A. (2013). Cognitive therapy of anxiety disorders: A practice manual and conceptual guide. New York: Wiley. Wells, A. (2013). Cognitive therapy of anxiety disorders: A practice manual and conceptual guide. New York: Wiley.
Metagegevens
Titel
The Effects of Stoic Training and Adaptive Working Memory Training on Emotional Vulnerability in High Worriers
Auteurs
Alexander MacLellan
Nazanin Derakshan
Publicatiedatum
01-01-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 4/2021
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10183-4

Andere artikelen Uitgave 4/2021

Cognitive Therapy and Research 4/2021 Naar de uitgave