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Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 8/2023

27-05-2023 | Research

The effects of self-selected background music and task difficulty on task engagement and performance in a visual vigilance task

Auteurs: Lauren A. Homann, Allison C. Drody, Daniel Smilek

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 8/2023

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Abstract

Listening to self-selected background music has been shown to be associated with increased task focus and decreased mind wandering during a sustained attention task (Kiss and Linnell, Psychological Research Psychologische Forschung 85:2313–2325, 2021). It is unclear, however, how this relation may depend on the potentially critical factor of task difficulty. To address this knowledge gap, we explored how listening to self-selected music, compared to silence, affects subjectively experienced task engagement (i.e., task focus, mind wandering, and external distraction/bodily sensation states) and task performance during either an easy or a hard vigilance task. We also examined how these effects vary with time-on-task. Our results replicated prior work demonstrating that background music enhanced task focus and decreased mind wandering, compared to silence. There was also lower reaction time variability in the background music condition relative to the silence condition. Notably, these findings held regardless of task difficulty. Interestingly, when examined over time-on-task, the presence of music led to smaller task focus declines and mind wandering increases, compared to silence. Thus, listening to self-selected music appears to confer a protective effect on task engagement, especially over time-on-task.
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Metagegevens
Titel
The effects of self-selected background music and task difficulty on task engagement and performance in a visual vigilance task
Auteurs
Lauren A. Homann
Allison C. Drody
Daniel Smilek
Publicatiedatum
27-05-2023
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 8/2023
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-023-01836-6

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