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04-04-2019 | Original Article

The effects of music on spatial reasoning

Auteurs: Caterina Padulo, Nicola Mammarella, Alfredo Brancucci, Mario Altamura, Beth Fairfield

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 6/2020

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Abstract

Studies on the effects of music on spatial reasoning report conflicting results. Some studies show slight effects, and others show no effects but few seem to replicate the strong findings of the first study published in Rauscher et al. Nature, 365(6447), 611–612, (1993). Nonetheless, the debate about the performance enhancing “Mozart effect” remains to be of great interest. In this study, we manipulated different physical parameters of sound traces (amplitude and frequency) to investigate whether particular dimensions may explain the enhancement effects found in spatial tasks following music listening. To this end, we asked 179 undergraduates and 183 older adults to listen to 5-min sound traces (Mozart KV 448, amplitude modulation tone, frequency modulation tone, white noise) and then complete a spatial reasoning task. In particular, results showed that repetitive frequency changes, as occurring in Mozart’s melodies or in a frequency modulation tone, enhance performance.
Literatuur
go back to reference Mammarella, N., Fairfield, B., & Cornoldi, C. (2007a). Does music enhance cognitive performance in healthy older adults? The Vivaldi effect. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research,19, 5.CrossRef Mammarella, N., Fairfield, B., & Cornoldi, C. (2007a). Does music enhance cognitive performance in healthy older adults? The Vivaldi effect. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research,19, 5.CrossRef
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (1981). Manual for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale—Revised. Psychological Corporation. Thesis_references-Converted #317 Wechsler, D. (1981). Manual for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale—Revised. Psychological Corporation. Thesis_references-Converted #317
Metagegevens
Titel
The effects of music on spatial reasoning
Auteurs
Caterina Padulo
Nicola Mammarella
Alfredo Brancucci
Mario Altamura
Beth Fairfield
Publicatiedatum
04-04-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 6/2020
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-019-01182-6

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